Journal of Sport Behavior

This journal focuses on the sociological, psychological and anthropological and their applications to the science of sport.

Articles from Vol. 30, No. 2, June

Coping under Pressure: Cognitive Strategies for Maintaining Confidence among Soccer Referees
Soccer (association football) officials are routinely subjected to a wide range of potential stressors. Analyses of English (Catterall, Reilly, Atkinson, & Goldwells, 1993), Danish (Krustrup & Bangsbo, 2001) and Japanese (Asami, Togari, &...
Gender and the Selection of Public Athletic Role Models
Four million people inquired about tickets for the 1998 World Cup in the first hour after they went on sale (McCallum & O'Brien, 1988b). That same year, three television networks collectively paid 17.6 billion dollars for the right to broadcast...
Influence of Crowd Noise on Soccer Refereeing Consistency in Soccer
Home advantage in team games has been defined as "the consistent finding that home teams in sports competitions win over 50% of the games played under a balanced home and away schedule" (Courneya & Carron, 1992, p. 13). For major team games, this...
Self, Situations, and Sport Consumption: An Exploratory Study of Symbolic Interactionism
Sport has become a pervasive aspect of the lives of those who are involved in it either actively as sport participants or vicariously as sport spectators. Although sport undoubtedly offers social and psychological benefits to those who consume it (Sloan,...
Stressors, Coping, and Coping Effectiveness among Players from the England Under-18 Rugby Union Team
International adolescent sport has the potential to be an extremely stressful experience and these athletes have reported a variety of stressors including concerns about errors, outcome, opponents, and the weather (Nicholls, 2005a; Nicholls, Holt,...
The Effects of Contingent-Monetary Reinforcement and Music on Exercise in College Students
Despite the positive relation between exercise and health, most people do not maintain an exercise program for an extended period of time (e.g., Dishman, 1984). Considerable research has focused on discovering variables that can increase the likelihood...
The Use of Observational Learning by Athletes
Visual demonstration has long been acknowledged as one of the most powerful means of transmitting patterns of thought and behavior (Bandura, 1986). According to Bandura's (1977) social cognitive approach, in order for learning to occur through observation,...