Nine

Publication covering sports, fitness and history.

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 1, Fall

Baseball Competitiveness and the Free Agency Era
Major League Baseball owners have fired the first shot over the bow in their perpetual war with the players association concerning the financial health of the sport and the need for financial reforms that might slow down the growth of player salaries....
Foul Lines and the Color Line: Baseball and Race at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
For many white baseball fans in America, the ugly specter of racism in baseball seems like a thing of the past. During an era when Ken Griffey Jr.'s non-threatening, smiling face is one of the most popular images in sports, when a Latino player...
From Scientific Baseball to Sabermetrics: Professional Baseball as a Reflection of Engineering and Management in Society
Throughout its history, professional baseball has been a mirror of many aspects of American society. This relationship extends to the evolution of attitudes and practices of management in baseball, both on the field and in the front office, and...
Ghost Writing for Baseball Historian Harold Seymour *
(A.K.A. DOROTHY Z. SEYMOUR) At once glorious and ignominious: that characterizes my work with Dr. Harold Seymour, "The Gibbon of Baseball," the man who made the American national game a respectable subject for formal study by historians, the...
Hey Chico! the Latin Identity in Major League Baseball
Felipe Alou had no real, hands-on knowledge of the United States nor of the culture of its people. Like so many others who had ventured there, most of what he knew had been translated through friends, some of whom had visited the great colossus...
Not Tolstoy, Not Trotsky, but Harold "Hal" Trosky: The Rise and Fall of Hal Trosky.(Biography)
Long-distance travel by automobile in America during the 1930s was uncommon, especially to attend Major League baseball games. Blue-collar factory workers averaged approximately $30 a week take-home wages (for those who had a job). Gas was 10 cents...
Shoeless Joe Jackson's Bat and the Invention of Baseball history.(Biography)
Almost every work that is neither fiction nor an account based on personal experience relies in part on secondary sources... or primary sources.... A direct quotation from any of these must be identified in a footnote.... Ideas and interpretations...
Stars Travel to the Bushes: A Barnstorming Photo Essay. (Photo Essay)
Small, remote towns such as Edmonton, Alberta, eagerly turned out to watch a variety of barnstormers. Such teams as the House of David played in Edmonton in 1933, featuring recently retired great and eventual Hall of Fame member Grover Cleveland...
The Say Hey Kid and the Crabbers.(Biography)
Following his stellar 1954 season, when he captured the National League batting title, led the New York Giants to the World Series, and was the league's Most Valuable Player, Willie Mays traveled south to play winter ball for the Santurce Cangrejeros...
What's Wrong with Baseball? (Triple Play)
What's wrong with baseball? It depends who you ask. According to the owners of small-market teams, there's not enough revenue sharing. If you ask the fans of these teams, they will tell you there is a lack of competitiveness in the league. Lifelong...
When All Heaven Rejoiced: Branch Rickey and the Origins of the Breaking of the Color Line. (Articles).(Biography)
He really leads a double life--one with his conscience and the other with the employer who pays him one of the top salaries in baseball.... Perhaps the most moral man in private life in the sports field, Rickey is an ardent churchman, a volunteer,...
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