Nine

Publication covering sports, fitness and history.

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 2, Spring

Baseball Players, Organizational Communication, and Cultural Diversity: Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Minor-League Clubhouses
As baseball attracts players from more and more cultures, players are called on to function in an increasingly diverse environment. Scholars of baseball and culture have been following these changes from various perspectives. Several presentations...
Baseball's Other Expansion Team of 1962: Fifty Years of Frustration in the National League Ends for Houston
While the attention of the baseball world was drawn to the San Francisco Giants' 2012 World Series triumph and speculation about what roster changes the New York Yankees would make following their disappointing performance in the American League Championship...
Bill Kulik: The Gringo Malo Speaks the Language of the Game
His introduction to the game of baseball came at the age of seven, on a summer vacation while visiting his cousins in Rhode Island. William Kulik was born in New Jersey but moved with his parents at a very young age to South America. He spent nine...
Earl Mann Beats the Klan: Jackie Robinson and the First Integrated Games in Atlanta
At 1:30 p.m. on April 8, 1949, Earl Mann, the president of the Atlanta Crackers of the Class AA Southern Association, had his regular monthly meeting with Hughes Spalding, the chairman of the Crackers' board of directors. Spalding did not record in...
Leagues of Their Own Design
In The Great American Novel Philip Roth stretched his genius to chart the history of the Patriot League, an imaginary third major league whose existence was subsequently expunged from all record books and even from human memory owing to its nefarious...
"Patriotic Industry": Baseball's Reluctant Sacrifice in World War I
Nearly a century ago--as the Red Sox and White Sox held sway over the American League, and the National League was dominated by teams in the Northeast corridor--the United States found itself in a super-heated atmosphere of patriotic fervor. In the...
Rhetorical Constructions of Anger Management, Emotions, and Public Argument in Baseball Culture: The Case of Carlos Zambrano
Carlos Zambrano was a pitcher for the Chicago Cubs, and at the time of this essay, a pitcher for the Miami Marlins. Many baseball fans and writers know him for his pitching talents as well as his emotional outbursts. For example, Matt Leland recently...
Rooting for the Clothes: The Materialization of Memory in Baseball's Throwback Uniforms
At their essence, sports jerseys function as symbolic materializations that foster a constitutive identity and unity between fans, players, and cities or regions. When new teams are created, often the team logo and uniform are the first manifestations...
The Fireman
This is the story of a great pitcher and a deeply flawed man, of a duality that elicits both admiration and regret, and of the tragic realization that it is often impossible to savor the taste of one without the bitterness of the other. In Brooklyn,...
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