Alcohol Research

Journal covering alcohol research.

Articles from Vol. 26, No. 4, 2002

Alcohol and Other Factors Affecting Osteoporosis Risk in Women
By about age 35, people reach their peak bone mass. Women lose bone mass slowly after that point until a few years after menopause, when bone mass is lost very rapidly. For middle-aged and older women, healthy bones depend on the development, during...
Alcohol's Effects on Adolescents
During adolescence, many people begin to experiment with alcohol, yet relatively little is known about alcohol's effects on this critical stage of development. We do know that early initiation of alcohol use remains one of the most powerful predictors...
Alcohol's Effects on Female Reproductive Function
Mild-to-moderate alcohol use has numerous negative consequences for female reproductive function. Animal studies have shown that alcohol consumption disrupts female puberty, and drinking during this period also may affect growth and bone health. Beyond...
Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Child Development
Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy contributes to a range of effects in exposed children, including hyperactivity and attention problems, learning and memory deficits, and problems with social and emotional development.Fetal Alcohol SyndromeThe most...
Health Issues in Postmenopausal Women Who Drink
Alcohol use may impact the health and well-being of postmenopausal women through the direct interaction of alcohol with organ systems when alcohol is ingested, transported through the blood, and processed for removal, and by indirect means through the...
Influence of Alcohol and Gender on Immune Response
Decades of research have shown that women's and men's immune systems function differently. During the reproductive years, women have a stronger immune response than men. This gender difference is believed to be controlled by differences in the blood...
International Gender and Alcohol Research: Recent Findings and Future Directions
As international travel, migration, and mass media increase cross-national influences on alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, better understanding of the sociocultural influences on women's and men's drinking will become increasingly valuable for...
Minority Women and Alcohol Use
Women's drinking patterns are influenced by the cultural norms and practices of the ethnic groups to which they belong, in addition to other environmental and biological factors. This article examines the drinking behavior of women from the four largest...
Neurodegeneration in Women
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive brain disease that results in a dementia accompanied by severe changes in cognitive ability, perception, and mood. Although the precise cause of the disease remains elusive, clusters of specific genetic factors...
Sex Differences in the Genetic Risk for Alcoholism
One of the characteristics influencing a person's risk for alcoholism is his or her sex, and various factors may contribute to sex differences in risk. Adoption studies have provided some evidence of possible sex differences in the heritability of alcoholism,...
Use and Misuse of Alcohol among Older Women
Older women may be especially at risk for alcohol problems because they are more likely than men to outlive their spouses and face other losses that may lead to loneliness and depression. Physiologically, women are also at greater risk for alcohol-related...
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