Alcohol Research

Journal covering alcohol research.

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 3, 2006

Alcohol's Actions on Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors
Although it has been known for many years that alcoholism and tobacco addiction often co-occur, relatively little information is available on the biological factors that regulate the co-use and abuse of nicotine and alcohol. In the brain, nicotine acts...
An Epidemiologic Analysis of Co-Occurring Alcohol and Tobacco Use and Disorders
Findings From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related ConditionsThe 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) sought to determine the prevalence of drinking, smoking, and associated disorders...
Barriers and Solutions to Addressing Tobacco Dependence in Addiction Treatment Programs
Despite the high prevalence of tobacco use among people with substance use disorders, tobacco dependence is often overlooked in addiction treatment programs. Several studies and a meta-analytic review have concluded that patients who receive tobacco...
Biological Processes Underlying Co-Use of Alcohol and Nicotine: Neuronal Mechanisms, Cross-Tolerance, and Genetic Factors
Alcohol and nicotine are two of the oldest and most commonly used recreational drugs, and many people use both of them together. Although their ready availability likely contributes to the strong correlation between alcohol and nicotine use, several...
Cancer Risk Associated with Alcohol and Tobacco Use: Focus on Upper Aero-Digestive Tract and Liver
Alcohol and tobacco, alone or in combination, are associated with an increased risk of various cancers, including those of the upper aero-digestive tract and liver. Both alcohol and tobacco use can increase the risk of cancer of the oral cavity and throat...
Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents with Alcohol and Other Drug Use Problems
Cigarette and alcohol use often develop concurrently, and smoking is especially common among youth treated for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders. Special considerations for adolescent smoking cessation treatment include peer influences, motivation,...
Co-Occurring Risk Factors for Alcohol Dependence and Habitual Smoking
Update on Findings From the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of AlcoholismHabitual smoking and alcohol dependence frequently co-occur, and the genetic factors that influence both conditions appear to overlap. The Collaborative Study on the Genetics...
Integrating Tobacco Dependence Treatment and Tobacco-Free Standards into Addiction Treatment: New Jersey's Experience
Tobacco dependence is a serious and deadly problem for patients in treatment for alcohol and other drug (AOD) dependence. Such patients have increased mortality rates compared with the general population, and more than half die from tobacco-caused illnesses...
Role of Other Nachr Subtypes in Modulating Alcohol's Effects
As discussed in the main article, most of the research examining the interactions of alcohol and nicotine in the brain has focused on the two most prevalent subtypes of nAChRs, namely the a4ß2 and a7 nAChR subtypes. Recently, however, alcohol researchers...
Smoking Cessation and Alcohol Abstinence: What Do the Data Tell Us?
Cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence commonly co-occur with alcohol dependence. However, treatment for tobacco dependence is not routinely included in alcohol treatment programs, largely because of concerns that addressing both addictions concurrently...
The Effects of Smoking and Drinking on Cardiovascular Disease and Risk Factors
Research on how tobacco and alcohol use interact to influence risk for cardiovascular disease is limited. Alcohol consumption of three or more drinks per day and cigarette smoking share similar, and probably additive, effects on some forms of cardiovascular...
Tobacco Cessation Treatment for Alcohol-Dependent Smokers: When Is the Best Time?
Cigarette smoking is highly prevalent among people with alcohol use disorders. Although several studies have demonstrated the feasibility of treating nicotine dependence in people with substance use disorders, researchers and clinicians continue to debate...
Treating Smoking Dependence in Depressed Alcoholics
Alcoholism and nicotine dependence share many neurobiological underpinnings; the presence of one drug can cause a person to crave the other. Depressive illness can complicate comorbid alcohol and nicotine dependence by exacerbating the negative affect...
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