Alcohol Research

Journal covering alcohol research.

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 2, Fall

A Review of Environmental-Based Community Interventions
Alcohol use and related problems are affected by a myriad of both individual- and environmental-level risk factors (Wagenaar and Perry 1994). Prevention interventions that focus solely on individual-level risk factors generally do not affect community-level...
College Prevention: A View of Present (and Future) Web-Based Approaches
College campuses in the United States may be the most electronically "wired" environments on earth. College students use the Internet not only to write term papers and receive correspondence but also to report (and keep track of) friends' personal...
Defining Risk Drinking
Preventing alcohol-related harm does not necessarily require that risk drinking be defined. At the population level, harm reduction can be achieved through numerous broad measures that determine the price or availability of beverage alcohol (Babor...
Engaging Communities to Prevent Underage Drinking
Research has identified multiple risk factors that increase the likelihood of alcohol use among youth and young adults. These conditions or experiences include individual characteristics (e.g., displaying aggression at a young age or believing that...
Environmental Approaches to Prevention in College Settings
Because of the concerns regarding drinking among college students and its harmful consequences to the students, their families, communities, and society as a whole, the identification of prevention strategies shown to be effective in college populations...
Individual-Focused Approaches to the Prevention of College Student Drinking
As detailed by Johnston and colleagues (2009), the majority of young adults, in particular college students, consume alcohol. Moreover, a substantial proportion of those who consume alcohol misuse it, engaging in heavy episodic drinking, (1) which...
Preventing Impaired Driving Opportunities and Problems
In 1988, the U.S. Surgeon General's Workshop on Drunk Driving called attention to the broad range of strategies that affect the problem of impaired driving (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1989). Research presented at the workshop ranged...
Prevention Interventions of Alcohol Problems in the Workplace: A Review and Guiding Framework
Workplace programs designed to prevent and reduce alcohol problems can potentially benefit the employee, the employer, and society in general. In 2007, 8.8 percent of full-time workers overall reported heavy alcohol use (i.e., they consumed five or...
Prevention in the Military: Early Results of an Environmental Strategy
This brief sidebar reviews efforts to implement prevention programs within the military. As a workplace, members serving in the United States military at all ranks and all ages have a significant level of responsibility, especially during times of...
Regulating Availability: How Access to Alcohol Affects Drinking and Problems in Youth and Adults
In addition to increasing beverage taxes or prices as a means to reduce alcohol accessibility, policymakers also may limit alcohol availability through laws and regulations that (1) proscribe sales to underage youth; (2) allow the monopolization of...
School-Based Programs to Prevent and Reduce Alcohol Use among Youth
Because alcohol use typically begins during adolescence (Office of the Surgeon General 2006) and because no other community institution has as much continuous and intensive contact with underage youth, schools can be an important setting for intervention....
The Alcohol Policy Information System (APIS) and Policy Research at NIAAA
Public policies have the potential to prevent the adverse consequences of alcohol consumption on a larger scale than any other category of interventions. However, measuring the effects of specific policies on alcohol-related behaviors and health outcomes...
The Effects of Prices on Alcohol Use and Its Consequences
Over the past three decades, economists and others have devoted considerable effort to assessing the impact of alcoholic-beverage taxes and prices on alcohol consumption and its related adverse consequences. Numerous studies have examined the effects...
The Risks Associated with Alcohol Use and Alcoholism
Alcohol consumption has been identified as an important risk factor for illness, disability, and mortality (Rehm et al. 2009b). In fact, in the last comparative risk assessment conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO), the detrimental impact...
The Road to a World Health Organization Global Strategy for Reducing the Harmful Use of Alcohol
Harmful alcohol use and the related health effects are a global problem and therefore need to be addressed not only by individual nations but also on an international level. For example, the World Health Organization (WHO) noted that harmful alcohol...
Translating Family-Focused Prevention Science into Public Health Impact: Illustrations from Partnership-Based Research
Underage drinking is a serious public health concern that places an enormous burden on affected youth, families, communities, and society as a whole. The pervasiveness of the problem is illustrated by findings from the Monitoring the Future Survey...
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