Alcohol Research

Journal covering alcohol research.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 1, 2016

Advances in Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Interventions among Racial, Ethnic, and Sexual Minority Populations
Historically, prevention and treatment intervention research rarely has been conducted with racial and ethnic or sexual minorities as its principal focus; this also holds true for the alcohol and other drug abuse field. The lack of credible research...
Alcohol Consumption in Demographic Subpopulations: An Epidemiologic Overview
Alcohol consumption is common across diverse populations in the United States; however, the level of consumption and its consequences vary considerably across major demographic subgroups. This review presents findings on the distribution and determinants...
Alcohol Use and Related Problems along the United States-Mexico Border
The southern border the United States shares with Mexico has been of particular interest to alcohol researchers because of the presence of multiple risk factors conducive to alcohol-related problems. The border region spans 2,000 miles and is home to...
Alcohol Use Patterns among Urban and Rural Residents: Demographic and Social Influences
Geographic location can be an important factor in determining a person's level of risk for alcohol-related problems. Certain factors associated with living in an urban or rural area may increase risk, while others may be protective. For example, the...
Associations between Socioeconomic Factors and Alcohol Outcomes
According to the World Health Organization (2014), alcohol consumption is responsible for approximately 5.9 percent of deaths worldwide and a global loss of 139 million disabilityadjusted life-years. The alcohol-related disease burden is precipitated...
Biology, Genetics, and Environment: Underlying Factors Influencing Alcohol Metabolism
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that drinking patterns and the prevalence of alcohol-related adverse consequences, including alcohol use disorder (AUD), differ substantially among racial/ethnic groups in the United States. For example, analyses...
Drinking across the Lifespan: Focus on Older Adults
In 2010, when the leading edge of the post-World War II "Baby Boom" reached age 65, the United States began a period of increased growth in its older adult population. By 2030, it is expected that there will be 72.1 million adults age 65 or older living...
Drinking over the Lifespan: Focus on College Ages
Approximately 41 percent of 18- to 24-year-olds are enrolled in a postsecondary degree-granting institution (National Center for Education Statistics 2013). As a group, college students, and particularly those at residential colleges (Presley et al....
Drinking over the Lifespan: Focus on Early Adolescents and Youth
In describing patterns of alcohol use among early adolescents (ages 12-14) and youth (ages 15-20), there is both good news and bad news. The good news is that research findings with U.S. national epidemiology data from long-term annual surveys of high-school...
Nature and Treatment of Comorbid Alcohol Problems and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among American Military Personnel and Veterans
Many service members and veterans seeking treatment for alcohol problems have experienced the life-threatening stress of combat, many have post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and many service members and veterans seeking treatment for PTSD have alcohol...
Religious Affiliation and Spiritual Practices: An Examination of the Role of Spirituality in Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorder
Religious affiliation, spirituality, and spiritual practices often have been studied as protective factors in the prevention and treatment of hazardous alcohol consumption (defined as drinking at a level that causes significant problems in functioning...
Social and Cultural Contexts of Alcohol Use: Influences in a Social-Ecological Framework
The alcohol research literature is overwhelmingly focused on risk factors, from the societal level down to the individual. Worldwide, 3.3 million deaths were attributed to alcohol misuse in 2012 (World Health Organization 2014). Excessive alcohol use...
The Influence of Gender and Sexual Orientation on Alcohol Use and Alcohol-Related Problems: Toward a Global Perspective
The prevalence of alcohol use and the contrast between the drinking patterns of men and women vary widely across the globe. For instance, rates of current drinking ranged from 3 percent and 37 percent for women and men, respectively, in the Indian state...
Under-Researched Demographics: Heavy Episodic Drinking and Alcohol-Related Problems among Asian Americans
Historically, Asian Americans have reported lower rates of alcohol misuse compared with other racial/ethnic groups (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration 2009; Wechsler et al. 2000). However, epidemiological data illustrates that...
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