Environmental Law

A journal investigating issues of environment law and policy on a local, national and international level.

Articles from Vol. 23, No. 2, April

Beyond Rio
I. Introduction For two weeks last June, broadcasts from the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. Brazil, focused the world's attention as never before on the environmental challenges we face on planet Earth.(1) Even now, a year later, the 1992 United...
Enlisting the Support of Liberal Trade for Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development
The decision to enlist the support of liberal trade for environmental protection and sustainable development has already been taken, at the, regional level for example in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and on a global scale in the...
Expanding Trade and Creating American Jobs
The issue here is not whether we should support free trade or open markets. Of course, we should. The real issue is whether or not we will have A national economic strategy to make sure we reap the benefits, And the answer today is - we don't.... It...
GATT, Trade, and the Environment
The author discusses recent conflicts between environmentalists and traders. He warns the reader of the dangers of environmental barriers to trade which are not based on sound scientific evidence. After detailing potential future conflicts between...
Is This Land Really Our Land? Impacts of Free Trade Agreements on U.S. Environmental Protection
I. Introduction A new economic order of liberalized trade for the North American continent is imminent, but it might usher in a bleak new environmental, order. Negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) concluded on October...
Linking Trade Growth and the Environment: One Lawmaker's View
The proposed North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) presents something of a dilemma for Americans living along the U.S.-Mexico border. Communities Along the border will generally benefit economically from the lowering of trade harriers between...
Local Action in a New World Order
I. Pollution is Local Those who monitor the workings of government tend to focus on the largest political systems and institutions in analyzing the environmental potential of the New World Order. As a consequence, the emphasis remains on relationships...
Making Trade and Environmental Policies Mutually Reinforcing: Forging Competitive Sustainability
The authors assert that environmental and international trade policies must become mutually reinforcing so that environmental policies do not distort trade flows and economic activities do not continue in an unsound and unsustainable manner. Competitive...
The Environment and World Trade
From the earliest days of federal environmental legislation some two decades ago, the American political Scene has been deluged by dire warnings that the effort to curb pollution would carry unbearable costs. Like clockwork, each new proposal for tighter...
The Last Round: The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in Light of the Earth Summit
I. Introduction The 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro dealt with an unprecedented number of issues. Nevertheless, several important matters were marginalized or ignored. For example,...
The OECD Guiding Principles Revisited
I. Introduction Trade and environment issues are not new and were discussed and debated in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) more than twenty years ago. At that time, the issues were framed more narrowly and the...
Trade and the Environment: What Worries the Developing Countries?
As pressure intensifies for global action to protect the environment, increasing numbers of developing-country governments will be confronted with demands that they adopt policies more sensitive to the environment and more mindful of the preservation...