Antiquity

Antiquity is a quarterly journal that was founded in 1927. The publication issues peer-reviewed articles on world archaeology. Antiquity is published by Antiquity Publications, Ltd. It is owned by the Antiquity Trust. Headquarters is in York, United Kingdom. The journal is edited by Martin Carver, emeritus professor of archaeology at the University of York. It is also produced by members of the directors of the Antiquity Publications, Ltd., including Chris Evans, Roger Guthrie, Martin Millett, Nicky Milner, Cameron Petrie, Mike Pitts and Andrew Rogerson

Articles from Vol. 73, No. 280, June

Adriatic Sailors and Stone Knappers: Palagruza in the 3rd Millennium BC
Introduction Interactional phenomena, both local and long-distance, are often implicated in explanations of social change, and this is the case in Mediterranean archaeology (e.g. Renfrew 1972; Patton 1996). Despite interest in contact phenomena,...
A Levallois Point Embedded in the Vertebra of a Wild Ass (Equus Africanus): Hafting, Projectiles and Mousterian Hunting Weapons
The El Kowm basin of Central Syria lies between Palmyra and the Euphrates River [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED]. It is a valley 25 km wide and 80 km long, dominated to the East by the Jabal Bishri (rising to 850 m) and to the South by the Jabal...
A Limestone Landscape from the Air: Le Causse Mejean, Languedoc, France
A small selection of archaeological air photographs taken in 1998 is offered here to demonstrate that palaeo-landscape analysis from the air can be effective in at least one sort of southern French countryside, the limestone upland of Languedoc. The...
An Ultra-Low Chronology of Iron Age Palestine
Introduction The chronology of ancient Palest}ne during the Iron Age is still subject to considerable uncertainty and wide variations in the dating of archaeological strata are to be found in the literature. Difficulties arise from an unusually...
Archaeological and Paleontological Research in Central Flores, East Indonesia: Results of Fieldwork 1997-98
Background Claims for Homo erectus on Flores were first made by Fr. Verhoeven, a Dutch priest and amateur archaeologist, who excavated fossil sites in the region (Verhoeven 1968; Maringer & Verhoeven 1970a; 1970b). He reported stone artefacts...
Architecture and Sound: An Acoustic Analysis of Megalithic Monuments in Prehistoric Britain
Introduction It seems unlikely that the world was silent in prehistory. Sound was present in all aspects of peoples' lives - from speech to the manufacture of stone tools. Artefacts from across Europe have been interpreted as musical instruments...
A Reconstruction of Middle Preclassic Maya Subsistence Economy at Cahal Pech, Belize
Introduction Recent research has revealed that many of the traditional cultural hallmarks of Classic Maya civilization (AD 250-900) seem to have had their origins in the preceding Preclassic or Formative period (2000 BC-AD 250). In particular, there...
Cost, Benefit and Value in the Organization of Early European Copper Production
Introduction The object of this paper is to explore the validity and usefulness of looking at the production and exchange of metal in non-western societies from the point of view of the costs and benefits they entailed. Consideration of the ideas...
Dating Navan Fort
Navan Fort, the Emain Macha of early Irish literary and historical tradition, lies two miles west of the town of Armagh. The importance of the site rests not only with its identification as the ancient seat of the kings of Ulster but also with its...
Dating the First New Zealanders: The Chronology of Wairau Bar
New Zealand was the last major landmass to be settled before the industrial age, but vigorous debate has ensued over the precise date of first colonization (Sutton 1987; 1994; Anderson 1991; 1994). Orthodox propositions based largely upon the comparison...
Encoding Information: Unique Natufian Objects from Hayonim Cave, Western Galilee, Israel
Since the original discoveries of Natufian cultural remains by D. Garrod in Shukbah and El-Wad caves in Mt Carmel and by R. Neuville in the Judean Desert (Garrod 1957; Neuville 1951), the 'art' objects recovered from those sites have become a focal...
Expressions of Inequality: Settlement Patterns, Economy and Social Organization in the Southwest Iberian Bronze Age
If there's no meaning in it, that saves a world of trouble, you know, as we needn't try to find any. And yet I don't know, I seem to see some meaning in them after all. L. CARROLL Alice's Adventures in Wonderland Introduction One of the most...
Old World Irrigation Technology in a New World Context: Qanats in Spanish Colonial Western Mexico
Introduction A qanat is a subterranean conduction device designed to tap the water table and bring the water to lower lands for irrigation, and is therefore a form of underground aqueduct. These features are an early example of technology transfer...
Sea-Level Change and the Archaeology of Early Venice
A city built on water with a long history of coping with environmental change, Venice today faces perhaps its greatest challenge ever. The first Doge of the Venetians, according to tradition, came to power in 697 AD. The last person to hold this position...
Statistics, Damned Statistics, and the Antiquities Trade. `
It is difficult to put an accurate figure on the annual value of the illicit trade in antiquities. Estimates vary, from upwards of $1 billion (Elia 1995: 245) down to Eisenberg's (1995: 217) more conservative reckoning that the entire annual world-wide...
The Catalogues of the Pitt-Rivers Museum, Farnham, Dorset
Lieutenant General A.H.L.F. Pitt-Rivers remains one of the central figures in the development of archaeology during the 19th century. His Excavations in Cranborne Chase (Pitt-Rivers 1887-98) documents with exemplary clarity innovations in field technique...
The Last Pleniglacial and the Human Settlement of Central Europe: New Information from the Rhineland Site of Wiesbaden-Igstadt
Introduction It is generally considered that the extreme climatic deterioration of the late Weichselian Pleniglacial led to the complete desertion of northern Central Europe by humans (Bosinski 1992: 84; 1990: 131; Gamble 1986: 205) and, although...
The Late Quaternary of the Western Amazon; Climate, Vegetation and Humans
Introduction In recent years a great intellectual barricade has been steadily crumbling with respect to our perceptions of the Amazon tropical rain-forest. The notion that the rain-forest was a highly stable ecosystem through the millennia is no...