Antiquity

Antiquity is a quarterly journal that was founded in 1927. The publication issues peer-reviewed articles on world archaeology. Antiquity is published by Antiquity Publications, Ltd. It is owned by the Antiquity Trust. Headquarters is in York, United Kingdom. The journal is edited by Martin Carver, emeritus professor of archaeology at the University of York. It is also produced by members of the directors of the Antiquity Publications, Ltd., including Chris Evans, Roger Guthrie, Martin Millett, Nicky Milner, Cameron Petrie, Mike Pitts and Andrew Rogerson

Articles from Vol. 83, No. 322, December

A Brief History of TAG
Introduction The Theoretical Archaeological Group (henceforth TAG) is now 31 years old--the best age anyone can ask for--just after the long years of hard work to win recognition and before the mid-life crisis. It is also the best rime to look back...
Aristophanes and Stable Isotopes: A Taste for Freshwater Fish in Classical Thebes (Greece)?
Introduction A great advantage for an archaeologist working with historic period material is the existence of literary sources, which can complement analyses from the field of archaeological science. This study presents a dietary profile for the...
Black Sea, Anatolia, Levant, Middle East
PIA GULDAGER BILDE & JANE HJARL PETERSEN (ed.). Meetings of cultures in the Black Sea region: between conflicts and coexistence (Black Sea Studies 8). 422 pages, 143 illustrations. 2009. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press; 978-87-793-4419-8 hardback...
Conflicting Evidence? Weapons and Skeletons in the Bronze Age of South-East Iberia
Introduction According to an important body of social theory, the emergence and institutionalisation of violence and warfare are inherent to processes of increasing social complexity. Prehistoric Europe--and most specifically its Bronze Age--has...
Development of Metallurgy in Eurasia
Introduction Modern debates regarding the spread of metal use in Eurasia can be traced to the work of Theodore Wertime (1964, 1973), who argued that the expertise required to smelt metal was such that it could only have been discovered once, and...
Editorial
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] * Life is made up of small stories and big histories, and none of us knows which of these makes more sense in the end: the grand narrative with its swooping destinies--or the private dramas and their...
Floor Sequences in Neolithic Makri, Greece: Micromorphology Reveals Cycles of Renovation
Introduction Variations in floor residues are being profitably examined in order to understand uses of space and the nature of activities in a settlement (Ge et al. 1993; Matthews & Postgate 1994; Rowley-Conwy 1994; Macphail & Goldberg 1995;...
For Gods or Men? A Reappraisal of the Function of European Bronze Age Shields
Introduction From heraldic coats of arms to the badge of US police officers, the shield is a powerful symbol of authority and strength. In Western society it is an assertive if non-aggressive representation of power, a fossil from the heart of combats...
From Sheep to (Some) Horses: 4500 Years of Herd Structure at the Pastoralist Settlement of Begash (South-Eastern Kazakhstan)
Introduction Pastoralist economies have been the base of Eurasian steppe societies for millennia. Ethnographers such as Vainshtein (1991), Khazanov (1994) and Masanov (1995) (among others) have long argued that Eurasian nomadism was first facilitated...
High Prestige Royal Purple Dyed Textiles from the Bronze Age Royal Tomb at Qatna, Syria
Introduction One of the most significant tombs discovered in recent times emerged during excavations in 2002 of the Bronze Age royal palace of ancient Qama, Tell Mishrife, Syria (Pfalzner 2004; Lange 2005; Figure 1). The tomb complex (Figures 1...
Isotopes and Individuals: Diet and Mobility among the Medieval Bishops of Whithorn
Introduction Isotope analyses of human skeletal tissue allow the assessment of diet and mobility at the level of individuals. These methods, on their own, are powerful tools for advancing our understanding of the past, but they are most valuable...
Landscapes of Death: GIS Modelling of a Dated Sequence of Prehistoric Cemeteries in Vastmanland, Sweden
Introduction The Malaren Valley in central Sweden (Figure 1) has had a long history of social analysis based on more than 10 000 prehistoric cemeteries, the remains of which are often visible above ground as mounds or monuments (e.g. Ambrosiani...
Mass Cannibalism in the Linear Pottery Culture at Herxheim (Palatinate, Germany)
Introduction Since the early 1990s, archaeological and anthropological research into violence and war has become increasingly dynamic. The number of recent publications on the subject confirms this growing interest, for instance in the theoretical...
New Light on the Anglo-Saxon Succession: Two Cemeteries and Their Dates
Introduction Archaeologists in every country have problems arguing for and against cultural and demographic continuity. Key questions relating to migrations reflect on the past and present identities of peoples and nations, and can be answered differently...
Ochre and Hide-Working at a Natufian Burial Place
Introduction Unravelling site function and settlement patterns is crucial for understanding the transition from hunter-gatherers to farmers in the Near East. In the Natufian core-area of the southern Levant--Mount Carmel, Galilee and the Jordan...
Pre-Columbian Geometric Earthworks in the Upper Purus: A Complex Society in Western Amazonia
Introduction According to mid-twentieth-century neo-evolutionist interpretations of cultural development in the South American lowlands, pre-European Amazonian societies were mainly considered to be primitive egalitarian tribes living in small,...
Rewriting Deep France
JEAN-PAUL DEMOULE (ed.). La revolution neolithique en France. 180 pages, numerous b&w & colour illustrations. 2007. Paris: La Decouverte; 978-27071-5138-4 paperback 22 [euro]. LAURENT CAROZZA & CYRIL MARCIGNY. L'age du Bronze en France....
Rooting for Pigfruit: Pig Feeding in Neolithic and Iron Age Britain Compared
Introduction Rowley-Conwy (2004) contrasts two views of the establishment of Neolithic farming in Britain: (1) the gradual adoption of agriculture by local Mesolithic groups, implying a slow change in the economy with considerable input from (nomadic)...
Sex, Symmetry and Silliness in the Bifacial World
After 10 years of pursuing sexy handaxes it is probably time to put these coquettish creatures to bed. Readers wishing to continue the debate are courteously directed to our Project Gallery As lithic technologists, we were at first amused by Kohn...
Sourcing African Ivory in Chalcolithic Portugal
History of investigation In their monumental work on the megalithic tombs of the Iberian Peninsula, the Leisners included a list of the ivory objects from the southern part of the peninsula (Leisner & Leisner 1943: 474-5). Later, Gilman and...
Symmetry Is Sexy: Reply to Hodgson's 'Symmetry and Humans'
In his contribution to the Antiquity debate over the viability of Kohn and Mithen's 'Sexy Handaxe Theory' (1999), Hodgson (2009: 195-8) asserts that 'symmetry is not connected with health and thus cannot have served as a sign of genetic worth'. Because...
The Acropolis and Its New Museum
The new Acropolis Museum was opened in June 2009 with worldwide fanfare. For this was for the Athenian acropolis--the Acropolis. After two lower galleries, visitors reach the top floor and find what is now the world's most exciting coup of archaeological...
The Archaeology of Western Sahara: Results of Environmental and Archaeological Reconnaissance
Introduction Western Sahara is a disputed, non-self-governing territory bordering Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania. The majority of the land is currently controlled by Morocco, while the remainder is administered by the Polisario independence movement....
The Emergence of Pottery in Africa during the Tenth Millennium Cal BC: New Evidence from Ounjougou (Mali)
The emergence of pottery in Asia and Africa Prehistoric populations in Japan, Siberia and China first began to produce ceramic wares between 15 000 and 10 000 cal BC, more than 5000 years earlier than in the Near East (Yasuda 2002:119-42; Kuzmin...
The Ornamental Trousers from Sampula (Xinjiang, China): Their Origins and Biography
Introduction Since the discovery of mummies in the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang (e.g. Wang 1999; Figure 1), cultural contacts and migrations of the early inhabitants of eastern Central Asia have become intensely debated issues (e.g. Posch 1995; Mair...
The Roman World
ALWYN SCARTH. Vesuvius: a biography, x+342 pages, 101 illustrations. 2009. Harpenden: Terra; 978-1-903544-25-9 hardback 24.95 [pounds sterling] EMIDIO DE ALBENTIIS, photographs by ALFREDO & PIA FOGLIA. Secrets of Pompeii: everyday life in ancient...