Antiquity

Antiquity is a quarterly journal that was founded in 1927. The publication issues peer-reviewed articles on world archaeology. Antiquity is published by Antiquity Publications, Ltd. It is owned by the Antiquity Trust. Headquarters is in York, United Kingdom. The journal is edited by Martin Carver, emeritus professor of archaeology at the University of York. It is also produced by members of the directors of the Antiquity Publications, Ltd., including Chris Evans, Roger Guthrie, Martin Millett, Nicky Milner, Cameron Petrie, Mike Pitts and Andrew Rogerson

Articles from Vol. 87, No. 335, March

A Four-Tier Approach to the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict
The legal basis It seems inevitable that armed conflict will have a detrimental impact on cultural property. The mitigation of such impact has been discussed for millennia (Miles 2011) and more recently, building on the 1863 Lieber Code produced...
Airborne Spectral Imagery for Archaeological Prospection in Grassland Environments-An Evaluation of Performance
Introduction The use of multispectral data in the form of satellite imagery is a relatively well-established technique for archaeological prospection and has been shown to be a powerful tool for site recognition and landscape scale analysis (Philip...
Americas
JETTE ARNEBORG, GEORG NYEGAARD & ORRI VESTEINSSON (ed.). Norse Greenland: selected papers from the Hualsey Conference 2008 (Journal of the North Atlantic Special Volume 2). 196 pages, numerous colour & b&w illustrations & tables. 2012....
An Early Date for Cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: Implications for the Origins of Herding in Southern Africa
Introduction On first reaching southern Africa in 1488, Europeans encountered pastoralist populations (the Khoekhoen) who possessed numerous sheep and cattle, access to which was a key motivation in the eventual establishment of a Dutch East India...
Britain and Ireland
BARRY CUNCLIFFE. Britain begins, xii+553 pages, 292 colour & b&w illustrations. 2012. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 978-0-19-960933-8 hardback 30 [pounds sterling] & $45. ANDREW ME1RION JONES. Prehistoric materialities: becoming material...
Burial Mounds and Settlement Patterns: A Quantitative Approach to Their Identification from the Air and Interpretation
Introduction Funerary mounds, described as 'barrows', 'tumuli' or 'kurgans', have long been acknowledged as a ubiquitous presence in the archaeological landscapes of Eurasia and beyond, transcending geography and culture (Smejda & Turek 2004;...
Byzantine, Early Medieval and Medieval
MICHAEL GREENHALGH. Constantinople to Cordoba: dismantling ancient architecture in the East, North Africa and Islamic Spain. xxviii+510 pages, 89 illustrations. 2012. Leiden & Boston (MA): Brill; 978-90-04-21246-6 hardback 177 [euro] & $242;...
Cultural Hybridity and Social Status: Elite Tombs on China's Northern Frontier during the Third Century BC
Introduction The Northern Frontier of China during the third century BC, roughly along the Great Wall, is the region where the Chinese states and their pastoral neighbours came into direct contact, and material culture in this region often exhibits...
Early Farming in Island Southeast Asia: An Alternative Hypothesis
Several recent articles in Antiquily (Barker et al. 201 la; Hung et al. 2011; Spriggs 2011), discuss the validity of, and revise, portrayals of an Austronesian farming- language dispersai across Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) during the mid-Holocene...
Edges of Bronze and Expressions of Masculinity: The Emergence of a Warrior Class at Kerma in Sudan
The Bronze Age warrior aristocracy in Europe Between 1600 and 1500 BC in Bronze Age Europe, so-called warrior aristocracies appeared along an axis from mainland Greece in the south to Norway in the north (Treherne 1995; Kristiansen & Larsson...
Editorial
Our new cover design announces that Antiquity has moved to a new home with a new editorial team. It is both a great pleasure and an enormous challenge to follow in the footsteps of the distinguished series of editors who have guided and nurtured the...
European Pre- and Protohistory
ROMUALD SCHILD, HALINA KROLIK, ANDRZEJ JACEK TOMASZEWSKI & ELZBIETA CIEPIELEWSKA. Rydno, a Stone Age red ochre quarry and socioeconomic center: a century of research. 468 pages, 310 b&w & colour illustrations. 2011. Warsaw: Institute of...
Feasting in Viking Age Iceland: Sustaining a Chiefly Political Economy in a Marginal Environment
Introduction Norse seafarers colonising the North Atlantic during the Viking Age arrived in Iceland in the late ninth century AD and encountered ah unoccupied and virgin landscape. The settlers found a variety of ecosystems, including sheltered...
Illuminating the Late Mesolithic: Residue Analysis of 'Blubber' Lamps from Northern Europe
Introduction Pottery is traditionally associated with sedentary farming communities that appear across the globe in the wake of the introduction of agriculture. However, in Eurasia, Africa and North America it is now clear that pottery pre-dates...
Jiahu 1: Earliest Farmers beyond the Yangtze River
Introduction The cultivation of rice (Oryza cativa) significantly shaped the development of human civilisation, especially in eastern Asia. Since the 1970s, discoveries of early rice at sites such as Hemudu (ZPICRA 2003), Pengtoushan (HPlCRA 2006),...
Life, Death and beyond in Akhenaten's Egypt: Excavating the South Tombs Cemetery at Amarna
Introduction Since the middle of the nineteenth century, the study of ancient Egypt has included the drama of the Amarna period, the 17-year reign of Pharaoh Akhenaten (c. 1349-1332 BC) and a brief aftermath that ended during the reign of Tutankhamun....
Lost and Found: The Remarkable Curatorial History of One of the Earliest Discoveries of Palaeolithic Portable Art
Introduction Reassessment of archives, early publications and the auditing of museum collections have often led to the discovery or rediscovery of long-forgotten specimens (e.g. Hollmann et al. 1986: 330; Paillet & Man-Estier 2011: 506, 520)....
Luminescence Dating of Brick Stupas: An Application to the Hinterland of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka
Introduction Buddhism swiftly became established as the state religion in Sri Lanka following its introduction in the third century BC (Paranavitana 1946), and this change was accompanied by the rapid development of Buddhist sites in both urban...
Modern Political Views and the Emergence of Early Complex Societies in the Bronze Age Mediterranean
Introduction The Tea Party, the Arab Spring and the 'Occupy' movements may seem to have little in common. They respond to very different circumstances, and they are fuelled by very different ideologies. Furthermore, they do not represent homogeneous...
Resource and Interpretation
What is archaeology? What is it for? How can archaeologists explain themselves in a country highly literate but little aware of their work; and what can be done about amateur collectors? How can a very small profession respond to the opportunities...
Soundscapes and Community Organisation in Ancient Peru: Plaza Architecture at the Early Horizon Centre of Caylan
Introduction Archaeological studies of sound transference are increasingly important as a means to unravel spatial functions, types of interaction, social control, and the role sound played in past societies (e.g. Watson & Keating 1999; Aaron...
Stable Isotopes and Diet: Their Contribution to Romano-British Research
Introduction The Roman conquest of AD 43 is an important watershed in the history of Britain. It is traditionally regarded as the 'end of British prehistory' and marking the beginning of four centuries as part of a vast Mediterranean empire. Although...
The Great East Japan Earthquake and Cultural Heritage: Towards an Archaeology of Disaster
Introduction The earthquake that struck Japan on 11 March 2011, named the Great East Japan Earthquake by the Japanese government, was one of the largest seismic events the world has seen for generations. Akira Matsui reported his experience of visiting...
The Lowest Levels at Dikili Tash, Northern Greece: A Missing Link in the Early Neolithic of Europe
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Introduction The tell of Dikili Tash is located in the south-eastem part of the Drama plain, in eastern Macedonia, northem Greece. It lies some 2.5km east of the ancient city of Philippi, on the outskirts of the modern...
The Social Construction of Caves and Rockshelters: Chauvet Cave (France) and Nawarla Gabarnmang (Australia)
Introduction It is commonplace in archaeology to make reference to--and systematically investigate--site formation processes both natural and cultural (for a classic exposition, see Schiffer 1976). Among these investigations, it is not unusual,...