Geographical

The monthly magazine of the Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers. Covers a broad range of subjects related to geography in articles on people, places, cultures, adventure, responsible travel, history, science, and the envir

Articles from Vol. 81, No. 11, November

An Icy Summer's Retreat
* A 'FRIGID ZONE' may not sound like the liveliest place to pass the summer, but for glaciologist Andy Hodson, who spent his in High Arctic Svalbard studying glaciers at differing stages of retreat, it's one of the most dynamic environments on the...
Animal and Plant Life Set to Increase in the Arctic
A STUDY OF life that existed in the Arctic just before the dinosaurs became extinct could predict the type of species that might live in the polar region if the sea ice melts in the coming decades. A group of scientists from the National Oceanography...
Breaking the Ice: What Will Happen Next?
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The loss of the polar ice caps is one of the primary environmental concerns of our time--but what are the potential consequences of this phenomenon? Mark Rowe asks scientists what the melting of these...
Can Space Mirrors Save the Planet? as It Becomes Ever Clearer That Simply Cutting Back on Carbon Emissions Isn't Going to Save the Poles, a Growing Number of Scientists Are Looking to Increasingly Ambitious Technological Fixes to Halt the Tide of Global Warming
Listen to the rhetoric surrounding global climate change and you tend to hear words such as 'mitigation' and phrases such as 'limiting the temperature rises'. What you won't hear is talk of 'solutions' or 'cures'. Such is our dependence on fossil fuels,...
Going Solo at the Poles: While Reaching the South Pole on Foot Is an Admirable Achievement in Its Own Right, Doing So Alone Takes Polar Exploration to Another Level. Hannah McKeand Describes the Gear She Employs during Her Solo Expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] There are many good reasons to undertake solo expeditions. As I kneeled in the gathering dusk in the Arctic with my tongue stuck to my cold metal shovel, it occurred to me that the most important was that nobody would be around...
Here Today Gone Tomorrow (Get the T-Shirt): With the Polar Regions Bearing the Brunt of Global Warming, Tourists Are Increasingly Visiting Them in the Knowledge They May Soon Be Changed Irrevocably. Christian Amodeo Plots the Rise and Current State of Polar Tourism
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Romanticised, mythologised and a part of our collective imagination for centuries, travel at the poles, for so long the stuff of derring-do, increasingly represents an expensive leisure activity suitable for all, even your...
I'm a Geographer
Professor Julian Dowdeswell, 51, glaciologist, director of the Scott Polar Research Institute and professor of physical geography at the University of Cambridge, has spent more than two and a half years working directly in the polar regions, generating...
Melting Moments
The closest I've ever been to either pole was a quick-fire press trip a couple of years ago to two ski resorts north of the Arctic Circle in Finland. I saw the northern lights, which was a real buzz, but as polar experiences go, it didn't really make...
Our Survey Said ... Mark Rowe Reports on the Catlin Survey's Attempt to Reveal the Sorry State of the Arctic
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A polar expedition that ultimately fails to achieve its goal leaves its participants with a bittersweet sensation. When the Catlin Arctic Survey called it a day to escape the annual summer thaw after travelling for 432 kilometres...
Poles Apart: The Polar Regions Offer a Unique Set of Challenges for Photographers, Challenges to Which They Have Been Rising since the Days of Herbert Ponting and Frank Hurley. Keith Wilson Offers His Tips on Capturing the Icy Wilderness
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] A century ago last April, Robert E Peary claimed to have reached the North Pole and was duly feted for being the first to stand at the 'top' of the world. This conquest was soon followed by the now legendary race between Britain's...
The Unfrozen North
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The archipelago of Norwegian islands known as Svalbard lies in the Arctic, halfway between begins to melt, and temperatures the sea ice surrounding them Norway and the North Pole. As on land continue to rise, climate scientists...
Top Ten Writer's Reads
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Beau Riffenburgh is a historian and writer who specialises in polar exploration. After earning his PhD at the University of Cambridge, he edited the Polar Record for 14 years. His latest book, Polar Exploration, is out now...
White and Wild: Over the Past Two Decades, the Dramatic Growth of Tourism in the Wildernesses of the Arctic and Antarctic Has Meant That the Wildlife and Fragile Environments Are under Severe Pressure from Visitors. However, It's Perfectly Possible to Take High-Quality, Low-Impact Trips to the Polar Regions
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Polar tourism is big business. Where once travelling to this remote icy wilderness was the domain of intrepid explorers, nowadays there's a wide range of package holidays available, from penguin safaris and luxury cruises...
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