Geographical

The monthly magazine of the Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers. Covers a broad range of subjects related to geography in articles on people, places, cultures, adventure, responsible travel, history, science, and the envir

Articles from Vol. 76, No. 5, May

Cork's Tainted Future: The Centuries-Old Marriage of Cork and Wine Is in Dire Straits, as Producers Turn to Other Forms of Bottle Closure in Order to Reduce the Prevalence of Spoilt Wines. While This Is Good News for Drinkers, as Edward Parker Discovers, It Could Spell Disaster for Both Traditional Farmers and the Environment
Cork is a remarkable product. It's sustainably harvested, recyclable and biodegradable. It's lightweight, water repellent, impact absorbing, insulating and can be compressed for long periods of time and then spring back to its original shape. It...
Diving into History: Franck Goddio Is Famous for the Discovery of Cleopatra's Palace off the Coast of Egypt. as a Selection of His Finds Goes on Show for the First Time in the Newly Opened National Museum of Alexandria, Miranda Haines Speaks to the Ambassador for Marine Archaeology about His Obsession with Unlocking the Secrets of the Past
Smiling and tanned, a lean Franck Goddio formally beckons me into his presidential quarters in Paris's 7th arrondissement. There are few clues that this is the home of the world's most famous living marine explorer; there are no personal objets d'art,...
Endangered Eden
For centuries, the pygmies of Central Africa have hunted in the rich forests of the Congo Basin. But as the region is opened up to logging companies and set aside for conservation, their future is in doubt. Photographer Kate Eshelby, the inaugural...
Fellows Expose Fraud
USA Two RGS-IBG Fellows have been drawing attention to what they call "the biggest Wild West hoax in American history" ahead of the release of Disney's latest cinema epic, Hidalgo. Fellows Basha and CuChullaine O'Reilly, founders of the Long Riders...
Green Energy UK
To prevent the escalation of climate change, UN scientists advise that we must reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 60 per cent. This means phasing out the use of fossil fuels and switching to sources of clean, renewable energy, not only crucial to stabilise...
High-Rise Sprawl: Economic Growth around the World Has Seen the Suburb Spread Far and Wide. Now, Southeast Asia Is Seeing a Rapid Increase in High-Density, High-Rise Living
England can lay claim to being the home of the garden suburb, but it was Australia that made suburban living the norm during the 19th and 20th centuries. "Australia was the pre-eminent suburban nation," says Dr Graeme Davison of Monash University in...
Hit the Road: Sample the Silk Road's Natural and Cultural Wealth with Geographical's Pick of the Operators Specialising in the Region
Be a foreign devil! Discover the unknown Silk Road, following in the footsteps of Alexander the Great, Marco Polo and Sir Francis Younghusband. Journey by 4x4 from Tashkent to Osh through the High Pamirs and Hindu Kush with High & Wild. Visit...
In Conversation: Elizabeth Hawley Is the Undisputed Unofficial Authority on Nepalese Himalayan Climbs. She Has Been Compiling Detailed Records of Expeditions since She Settled in Kathmandu in 1960. Lisa Choegyal Talks to This Formidable 80 Year Old about Life in Nepal and Her Long-Standing Friendship with Sir Edmund Hillary
What first brought you to Nepal? I first visited Nepal from India for a couple of weeks in February 1959 on a two year, around-the-world trip that took me to Eastern Europe, the Middle East and South Asia. Bored with my job as researcher and reporter...
Lady Anne Blunt 1837-1917 Granddaughter of the Poet Lord Byron, Lady Anne Blunt Was the First European Woman to Explore Central Arabia, and Is Considered the Saviour of the Pure-Blood Arabian Horse
What is her background? Born Anne Isabella Noel King on 22 September 1837, daughter of the Earl and Countess of Lovelace. Throughout her youth, her family was beset by scandal and strife. Her mother was chronically ill and died when Anne was 15...
Learning in the Real World
EDITORIAL Children need to get out and about if they're to gain an appreciation for the environment and learn how the world works. Sadly, our increasingly wrapped-up-in-cotton-wool culture has caused a decline in out-of-school visits, reducing childrens'...
Silk Road Riders: Today, Most People Travel the Silk Road in a Land Rover. but in 1999, Four British Women Made an 8,000-Kilometre Journey on Horseback and by Camel, One of the First Times It Had Been Attempted since the Middle Ages. in a Series of Diary Extracts, Alexandra Tolstoy Recounts Their Epic, Life-Changing Expedition
When I resigned from my job as a stockbroker it was in the hope of a more adventurous life. But I had nothing planned other than temporary work. However, soon afterwards I met a friend from university, Sophia Cunningham, who mentioned her long-held...
The Bloody Diamond: As Arguments over the Ownership of the Koh-I-Noor Flare Up Yet Again, Kevin Rushby Tells the Controversial and Blood-Stained History of the World's Most Famous Diamond
It isn't the largest of its kind. It isn't the brightest of its kind. It isn't even the most beautiful. It's rarely seen at state occasions and it has certainly never brought anyone good fortune. But it's more than capable of inspiring furious debate,...
The Geographical Photographer of the Year 2004
Your chance to win a Malaysian holiday courtesy of Gecko Travel or a Hasselblad Xpan Camera! The pages of Geographical magazine have featured some truly remarkable photography since it's launch in 1935, and the Geographical Photographer of the Year...
The Lure of Xanadu: Ever since Marco Polo First Told the Story of His Visit to the Court of Kublai Khan in the 13th Century, the Silk Road Has Inspired Generations of Writers and Storytellers. Barnaby Rogerson Highlights Some of the Best Silk Road Literature
There are whole libraries of books that testify to the British obsession with travelling the Silk Road, and scarcely six months goes by without another such 'travel' being published. Many have but a brief period in which to shine before they are replaced...
The Road Goes Ever on ... This Month, the British Library Opens an Exhibition of Priceless and Rare Treasures from the Silk Road Which Is Based Primarily on the Collection of Archaeologist Aurel Stein, Here, Its Curator, Susan Whitfield, Provides a Profile of Stein and Previews Some of the Artefacts on Display
Being beguiled by the Silk Road is nothing new. For more than two millennia, this network of trade routes stretching from Europe to China has attracted people wishing to make money, converts, diplomatic deals, conquests--or simply to find a quiet place...
The Thin Green Line: Authorities across the UK Are Now Faced with the Problems Caused by Planning Policies That Were Implemented during the 20th Century
Suburbs are often seen as examples of sprawl that eat into the countryside, chewing up unspoilt areas of productive farmland and destroying the rural heritage. In the UK, the green-belt policy has helped to prevent the construction of large-scale,...
To the Manor Bought: The Inexorable Growth of the British Suburb Is the Result of an Increasingly Affluent Middle Class Striving to Acquire Its Own Piece of the Countryside
Everyone in the UK seems to want to be part of the land-owning classes. The suburban Englishman's home isn't so much a castle as a country estate in miniature. According to Professor Jeremy Whitehand, head of urban morphology research at Birmingham...
Travel for a Living: Nigel Gifford Is the Founder of Adventure-Travel Company High and Wild and Co-Author of the Book the Adventurous Traveller. Jacob Lotinga Speaks to Him about the Origins of His Company and Making Paper from Elephant Dung
How did you first become interested in adventure travel? I had little choice really. As a child, all of the stories my father told me involved adventure. They were mostly based on his own life. He was a merchant seaman who worked his way around...
Urban Sprawl
American author James Kunstler referred to the sprawling suburb as the "geography of nowhere". But nothing better characterises an advancing nation than the rise of the suburb. As societies become increasingly industrialised and their people more wealthy,...
Warning from a Warming World: Mark Lynas Has Long Been Fascinated with Climate Change. Here He Explains How Photographs from His Family Album Inspired a Three-Year Project That Took Him across Five Continents to Gather Indisputable First-Hand Evidence of Global Warming
Three years ago, I made a bet with myself. It was Christmas, and I was with my family at their small farm in Wales. The days were reserved for farm work, such as weeding and sawing logs, but the evenings were for slideshows of family history. This...
Weatherwatch with Helen Willetts: May Clouds, Those Ever-Visible and Ever-Changing Parts of the Weather, Are Something with Which the British Are Very Familiar. Helen Willetts Explains How to Tell Your Cirrus from Your Cumulus
Clouds are so ubiquitous in the UK that we usually take them for granted, but their appearance can give us clues as to what is happening with the weather. The system of classifying clouds, developed in the early 1800s by English chemist Luke Howard,...
Which Is the Rarest Bird Seen in the UK?
Which is the rarest bird seen in the UK? J Lover, Bolton ANSWER: Choosing the rarest bird in the UK is tricky, as there are several different ways to define rarity. For example, a Bird could be common elsewhere but only occasionally pop up here....
Which Is the World's Most Northerly Town?
Which is the world's most northerly town? A Smithee, Cambridge ANSWER: A lot depends on your definition of a town, but Norway can lay claim to three out of the four main contenders. Hammerfest, in the country's Finnmark region, close to the border...
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