Geographical

The monthly magazine of the Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers. Covers a broad range of subjects related to geography in articles on people, places, cultures, adventure, responsible travel, history, science, and the envir

Articles from Vol. 90, No. 11, November

AMERICAN POLITICS: A Graphic History
AMERICAN POLITICS: A Graphic History by Laura Locker and Julia Scheele * Icon Books * [pounds sterling]12.99 (paperback) Graphic novels are enjoying a purple patch in publishing terms and public kudos. The shortlisting of Nick Drnaso's...
Born to Serve: Morocco Reintroduces Compulsory Military Service, One of Many Countries Debating the 'Merits' of Conscription
The Moroccan government announced recently that 2019 will see a year's compulsory military service reinstated for young men and women aged between 19 and 25, having previously dropped the measure in 2006. The decision has been proposed as a way to...
CHINA'S DREAM: The Culture of Chinese Communism and the Secret Sources of Its Power
CHINA'S DREAM: The Culture of Chinese Communism and the Secret Sources of its Power by Kerry Brown * Polity * [pounds sterling]16.99 (paperback) Chinas transformation from an undeveloped nation of agrarian peasants to a modern manufacturing...
Crossword
ACROSS 1/5 Mabel, local star, rebuilt Royal home (8,6) 9 Monarchs carry some weight in Jamaica (8) 10 Plates distributed with main element of a diet (6) 12 African river from Virginia to Alabama (4) 13 Stumble on fresh oil in Libya (7)...
Everest: A Reconnaissance
A new exhibition of photographs from the 1921 Everest expedition will be on show in the Society's Pavilion this autumn. The stunning platinum prints are the first to be created from recently digitised silver nitrate negatives stored in the Society's...
EXPLORE 2018: THE MODERN EXPLORE: With the RGS-IBG's Annual Explore Weekend on the Horizon, the Society's Vice President for Expeditions and Field Research, Katie Willis, Looks to International Collaboration as the Key to Successful Expeditions and Field Research for Any 21st Century Venture
Conducting fieldwork and seeking to understand more about our world through scientific expeditions are key aspects of 21st century geography. These activities are often what attracted many of us to the subject in the first place, involving an engagement...
Fatal Protection: East Africa's Virunga Mountains Are One of Only Two Places in the World Where Mountain Gorillas Live. but Increased Tourism and Conservation Have Come at a Cost for the People of These Forests
It was dawn on 9 April 2018. The fast rising sun was painting rusty orange lines on the ground and the fresh morning air carried the chorus of a hundred birds. In the distance, a Jeep, filled with Virunga National Park rangers, moved slowly through...
Gas Leaks: Not Just the Preserve of Flatulent Cows, Methane Is Causing Problems on a Much Wider Scale Discovers
Odourless, colourless and ruthless. In its structural simplicity (one carbon atom surrounded by four hydrogen atoms), methane can be a real pain in the neck. The gas is naturally generated by the fermentation of organic matter, such as pig manure,...
Great Assam Earthquake, India: 'Anon', 1897
Across the Assam region, the 1950 earthquake is widely remembered for its magnitude of 8.6 and for the sulphur it squeezed from the ground. However, it's the earlier 1897 earthquake, which was felt from Myanmar to Delhi, that first shaped both the...
Kosovo and Serbia: Klaus Dodds Is Professor of Geopolitics at Royal Holloway, University of London and Author of Geopolitics: A Very Short Introduction
Land and population swaps are a feature of Europe's geopolitical history. There have been examples aplenty of border reassignment, population expulsion, ethnic cleansing and genocide throughout the 20th century. Less well-known cases include the 1923...
Mountain Waves: Glacial Melt Is Increasing Land Instability in Mountainous Regions, with Huge Tsunamis Rising in Frequency as a Result
On 17 October 2015, a huge landslide occurred at the bottom of Tyndall Glacier, within the Wrangell-St Elias National Park & Preserve, Alaska. The resulting loosed material--180 million tons of rock--fell into the relatively recently deglaciated...
NORTHERN EXPOSURE: In the 1950s, Two Inuit Communities Were Relocated in Northwest Greenland and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though They Have Managed to Carve a Life from the Icy Plains They Now Call Home, It Is an Existence Still Fraught with Difficulties
Nalunaarasuartaatilioqateeraliorfinnialikkersaatiginialikkersaatilillaranatagoorunarsuarrooq. That, believe it or not, is thought (by certain definitions) to be the longest word in the world. It derives from Kalaallisut, the Inuit language spoken on...
Open Days: Take Your Educational Career to the Next Level
Geography degrees at Aberdeen may be studied as a MA or a BSc and students can choose to focus on Human Geography (MA), Physical Geography (BSc), or follow a Joint Honours programme of study. The single Honours Geography degrees are accredited by the...
Out of Line; the Reason for the Unusual Location of Mount St Helens Is Becoming Clearer
Of all the questions that swirl around the iconic Mount St Helens, which erupted so explosively in May 1980, one of the most curious is also deceptively simple: Why is the volcano situated where it is? Located in the southwest of Washington state,...
Rebuilding the Neighbourhood: Kelvin Campbell Is an Architect and the Founder of Urban Initiatives, an Internationally Recognised Urban Design Practice Based in London. He Is Also the Chair of Smart Urbanism
In an increasingly complex and changing world, where global problems are felt locally, the systems we currently use to plan, design and build our urban neighbourhoods--the vital building blocks of our towns and cities--are doomed to failure. For three...
SIMON REEVE: Is an Author and TV Presenter Whose Latest BBC Show Is the Mediterranean with Simon Reeve. His New Book Is Step by Step: The Life in My Journeys
My route into media was from the bottom. I'd gotten very low in my teens. I had a realisation after I left school that I had no idea what I was going to do, and I was all on my own. I've never felt as lost on any of my journeys as I did at home in...
Taming Turbulence: Iceland's Unique Geological Past Enables the Country to Power Itself on Almost 100 per Cent Renewable Energy, Creating Economic Opportunities for the Island's Inhabitants. It's Also Had a Lasting Impact upon Icelandic Culture and Lifestyles
It's almost like the volcano is breathing,' says Bardur Orn Gunnarsson. Indeed, a series of wall monitors in the entrance hall of the Lava Centre (where Gunnarsson is managing director) reveal detailed information about the current status of some of...
Terra Cognita: A Large-Scale Terrain Mapping Project Makes Antarctica the Best-Mapped Continent on Earth
Perhaps unbelievably, it's still less than 200 years since the continent of Antarctica, first sighted in 1820, was finally confirmed to exist. Even into the 21st century, detailed knowledge about the interior of the vast frozen landmass was hard to...
THE BOOK OF HUMANS: The Story of How We Became Us
THE BOOK OF HUMANS: The Story of How We Became Us by Adam Rutherford * Weidenfeld & Nicolson * [pounds sterling]18.99 (hardback) * [pounds sterling]9.99 (eBook) Did you know that bottlenose dolphins deliberately protect their beaks...
THE EDGE OF MEMORY: Ancient Stories, Oral Tradition and the Post-Glacial World
THE EDGE OF MEMORY: Ancient Stories, Oral Tradition and the Post-Glacial World by Patrick Nunn * Bloomsbury * [pounds sterling]16.99 (hardback) * [pounds sterling]14.99 (eBook) 'Literacy is tyrannical,' writes Patrick Nunn, 'for it encourages...
The Sweet Stretch: For This Month's Discovering Britain Viewpoint, Laura Cole Visits Kennington to Look at a Stretch of Fencing That Has Led a Double Life
A life-long Londoner could walk past hundreds of these fences, and never know they were looking at Second World War stretchers. 'When you know what details to look for, they are fascinating,' says Mary-Ann Ochota, historian and writer of this Discovering...
Where's the Remote? with Motion Detectors Becoming Ever More Sophisticated, and Clearer, Crisper Image Resolution Available with Even the Smallest Setup, Remote Photography Is a Vital Tool in the Geographic Photographer's Kit Bag
Every household has one. Simply pick it up, point and press the button--play, pause, stop. For many of us, our knowledge of using a remote control ends there. This ubiquitous device seems to embody our point-and-shoot society in which we have become...
Writer's Reads
Adam Rutherford is a science writer and broadcaster. His newest title, The Book of Humans, is available now * Hello World by Hannah Fry (2018) A desperately needed guide to the modern era where AI is already shaping our lives. * Inferior:...
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