History Today

History Today is a monthly magazine published by History Today, Ltd. Founded in 1951, it is owned by Andy Patterson and has a circulation of roughly 30,000 subscribers. Headquarters are based in London, England.The magazine, which is geared towards teachers, students, and those with an interest in history, publishes essays written by some leading history scholars covering myriad periods, regions, topics, and themes in history. It is available in print and online.The print version was founded by Brendan Backen, who worked as the Minister of Information during World War II. He was also the publisher of the Financial Times. Currently, both print and online versions are published under the vision and guide of editor-in-chief, Paul Lay.History Today offers readers articles ranging from atomic medicine to the rise and fall of empires. Each essay comes with illustrations selected by picture editor Sheila Corr. The web edition includes a news digest from web editor, Kathryn Hadley.Subscribers can buy an annual subscription for either the web or print version. Web subscribers can also purchase access to articles from the publication's archives dating back to 1980. The magazine also has a sister publication, History Review, which is aimed at students and is published three times each year.

Articles from Vol. 59, No. 2, February

America's Difficulty with Darwin
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The conflict between supporters of Darwin's theory of evolution and Creationists is often portrayed as the latest skirmish in an age-old struggle between science and religion. It is anything but, claims Thomas Dixon, who argues...
A Monastic Revival: Stella Rock Sees a Renaissance of Religious Traditions at What Was One of Russia's Most Vibrant Monasteries before the Soviet Purge
The Russian Orthodox Church has played a powerful role in post-Soviet society's efforts to reassess and reclaim the pre-revolutionary past--it has canonised Tsar Nicholas II, rebuilt ruined monuments, researched and commemorated Christians persecuted...
Birth of the First Earl of Clarendon: Feb 18 1619
The Hydes were well-to-do Wiltshire country gentry. One of the younger sons, Henry Hyde, married Mary Langford, the daughter of a rich merchant. Her father left her a fortune and the pair shared a comfortable house in the village of Dinton, near Salisbury,...
Darwin's World: Juliet Gardiner Looks at Recent Publications Marking the 150th Anniversary of Darwin's Most Famous Work and the Bicentenary of His Birth
'Can we doubt ... that individuals having any advantage, however slight, over others, would have the best chance of surviving and procreating their kind?' wrote Charles Darwin in On the Origin of Species, which was first published in 1859. It was 'a...
Death of Geronimo: Feb 17 1909
In his final days, the last of the great Apache war chiefs was a celebrity. He went to the World's Fair in St Louis and other public events, where he was an exhibit himself, attended President Theodore Roosevelt's inauguration in 1905 and dictated...
France 1709: Le Crunch: Already Rocked by Defeats in the War of the Spanish Succession, Louis XIV's France Faced Economic Meltdown as the Chaotic Nature of Its Finances Became Apparent. Guy Rowlands Discovers Striking Parallels with the Current Credit Crunch as He Charts the Crisis That Was to Lead, Ultimately, to the French Revolution
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Confronted by the banking collapse and credit crunch of 2008, most commentators have sought comparisons with the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the event that heralded the Great Depression of the 1930s. But for historians inclined...
France's Prussian Nemesis: Mark Bryant on How French Cartoonists of the 1870s Responded to National Humiliation at the Hands of a Beligerent Prussia
Though the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71 lasted less than a year, it was fiercely fought not only by the armies of both sides but also by the cartoonists and caricaturists of their respective nations. These drawings had a particularly powerful impact...
From the Editor
Charles Darwin, author of the theory of evolution, is the subject of widespread celebration and study this year Born 200 years ago, his great work On the Origin of Species--one of the few books that really did change the world--was first published...
Historic Sites Damned; the Turkish Government's Plans to Flood Two Ancient Towns with the Reservoirs Created by Two Dams Are Being Fiercely Resisted-But Time Is Rapidly Running Out
Hasankeyf and Allianoi are two ancient cities situated in the east and west of Turkey, respectively. Both face the prospect of being submerged under water forever as they stand on the site of the planned reservoirs of two dam constructions. Yortanli...
Playful Learning: Concerns about the British Primary School Curriculum Made Their Way onto the Political Agenda Last Year with the Publication of the Interim Rose Report. with the Full Report Imminent, Richard Willis Looks at the History of Progressive Education and Ponders Its Future
Rousseau's philosophy of allowing school children to 'develop their senses without restraint' has not been a priority of UK education policy in recent years. Testing the 'three R's' (reading, 'riting and 'rithmetic) ad infinitum has been more the trend....
School of Shariah: Edna Fernandes Visits a Madrassa in Northern India Founded in the Wake of the Indian Mutiny. One of the First Islamic Fundamentalist Schools, Its Influence Has Spread into Pakistan and Afghanistan, among the Taliban and Followers of Osama Bin Laden
The place was India. Muslims felt under attack for their faith and took up arms to defeat the imperialist enemy. The battle that ensued resulted in a hardened core of elders retreating into orthodoxy. They founded a madrassa with the aim of fighting...
Spain's Ethnic Cleansing: The Expulsion in 1609 of More Than 300,000 Spanish Moriscos-Muslim Converts to Christianity-Was a Brutal Attempt to Create an Homogenous State
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Four hundred years ago, in April 1609, one of the darkest chapters in Spanish history unfolded when the Habsburg king Philip III secretly authorized the expulsion of the entire Muslim population of Iberia. Over the next four...
Sun, Sea, Sand and Sextus Julius Africanus
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] FOR 2009, Martin Randall Travel have five different Mediterranean Cruises to choose from. Like our small group tours, these are designed for people with intellectual curiosity and an interest in history, archaeology and...
The Great Game: World Powers Are Replaying the Shadowy Conflict Fought between Tsarist Russia and Imperial Britain in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Today, However, It Is Less about Territorial Expansion and More about Oil and Natural Gas
The seeds of the present struggle were sown during the 19th century when Russia was engaged in carving out a vast empire on its southern flank, while the British--mortally afraid of the threat this posed to their presence in India--did all they could...
The King Is Dead, Long Live the Crown: On the Anniversary of the Regicide, Blair Worden Considers the Enduring and Sometimes Surprising Consequences of the Execution of Charles I
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The beheading of Charles I on January 30th, 1649, left an indelible mark on the history of England and on the way that the English think about themselves. It was the climactic moment of the Puritan Revolution and it also changed...
The Long Road to Equality: Despite the Rise of Barack Obama, Many African-Americans Still Feel like Second-Class Citizens. John Kirk Charts the Progress of the Civil Rights Movement through Its Most Prominent Body, the NAACP, Which Celebrates Its Centenary This Year
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] On February 12th, 1909--the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth--a group of 60 activists, both black and white, signed a petition issuing 'The Call' for America to rededicate itself to the ideals of racial justice...
The St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago: Feb 14 1929
Prohibition in the United States gave a massive boost to crime. In Chicago in the 1920s gangs made fortunes from illegal liquor and the associated protection and vice rackets. The relationships between them were uneasy and there were shifting alliances,...
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