Journal of Leisure Research

A journal presenting research in sports, recreation, and outdoor life for the academic audience.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 1, First Quarter

Anatomy of the Academy: Dissecting the Past, Resecting the Future
Offered the opportunity to write about whatever topic moves me, I decided my millennial issue is to examine the place of leisure studies in higher education. Having recently left the academy after putting in 15 years at three different universities (most...
Counting on Recreation Use Data: A Call for Long-Term Monitoring
What is the Use of Use Data? While the theory of recreation benefits and satisfaction has legitimately moved a long way from simple body counts to focus on visitor outcomes, experiences and the satisfaction of underlying needs, long term recreation visitation...
Downshifting: Regaining the Essence of Leisure
The focus of this essay is to give the reader a brief review of the historical evolution of leisure and its changes through time. I will examine how contemporary notions of leisure have been shaped through the post-industrial revolution resulting in...
Echoes of Leisure: Questions, Challenges, and Potentials
Gregorian calendars, love of linear and progressive forms, Christian beliefs, and fascination with "new" beginnings all intermix to form the concept of millenium. Calendars emerging from Tibetan, Islamic, Hawaiian, Mayan, and other traditions mark no...
Exploring Gender
KEYWORDS: Gender, institutionalized gender bias, resource-based recreation and tourism My sudden urge to write about gender issues is unexpected. Gender is not a topic I have studied or considered with any degree of thoroughness. In fact, for most of...
False Dichotomies, Intellectual Diversity, and the "Either/or" World: Leisure Research in Transition
In 1982, Naisbitt described "megatrends" in society. The trends and the examples that struck me the most related to the movement from "either/or to multiple option" (p. 231). He noted that through much of the century, we had two or maybe three choices....
If Leisure Research Is to Matter II
My journey as a member of the research community began some 30 years ago. Influenced by Drs. Mike Ellis and Doyle Bishop, my doctoral study days were filled with the excitement of being part of two different research groups and moving from research questions...
If Our Research Is Relevant, Why Is Nobody Listening?
The Problem In 1994 the American Leisure Research Symposium held a forum on the relevance of leisure research. All three speakers at the forum strongly defended the notion that relevance is, or should be, a central tenet of our research endeavors, although...
Is Leisure Theory Needed for Leisure Studies?
KEYWORDS: Leisure theory, social exchange Studying leisure has been the subject of interest by a wide range of scholars representing a wide range of disciplines. In so doing, these scholars have largely used leisure instrumentally as means to test some...
JLR: A Means to Many Ends
The ink was barely dry on the first issue of the Journal of Leisure Research when I arrived in the fall of 1969 at NRPA's Washington, D.C. headquarters at 1700 Pennsylvania Avenue to assume the duties of director of research for the association. A central...
Knowing Something about Leisure: Help or Hindrance?
Jeanne and Sprenet folks Can any of you provide me with, or inform me about, any research or documentation (or even written policies and standards) that indicates how having a degree in Recreation gives one more credentials and skills in managing a large...
Leisure, Crime and Cops: Exploring a Paradox of Our Civility
What makes the year 2000 special is the moment it creates to "take stock" of our civilization as it is now and how it might become. While it is tempting to conclude that we are more civilized than ever before and that the development of leisure, recreation...
Leisure, Diversity and Social Justice
Issues of justice and injustice have only been tangentially addressed in the leisure literature. The "social justice paradigm" may provide an important conceptual umbrella for leisure scholars to connect a range of research] scholarly endeavors including...
Leisure Experience and Identity: What Difference Does Difference Make?
Historian Joan Scott's quote provides us with insight for how we might think "differently" about leisure, identity and difference. For the past 30 years, leisure researchers have engaged in a process that gathers evidence in an attempt to identify "common"...
Looking beyond the Invisible: Can Research on Leisure of Ethnic and Racial Minorities Contribute to Leisure Theory?
KEYWORDS: Ethnicity, race, leisure theory Jupiter's moons are invisible to the naked eye and therefore can have no influence on the earth, and therefore would be useless, and therefore do not exist. Francisco Sizzi Professor of Astronomy, 1610 During...
Marketing Public Leisure Services: Some (Temporarily) Pessimistic Perspectives from an Unrepentant Optimist
My chosen academic specialty is the marketing of leisure services, especially in public and not-for-profit contexts. This pronouncement might come as a surprise, nay, even a disappointment to people who know that, as an adolescent, my heros included...
Meeting the Challenge of Wild Land Recreation Management: Demographic Shifts and Social Inequality
Americans are visiting the national parks, forests, wilderness, and recreation areas (hereinafter wild lands) in record numbers. For instance, 238.6 million people visited the national parks in 1981; that number is projected to reach 291.3 million visitors...
Moving beyond the Romantic Biases in Natural Areas Recreation
A distinctly American Romantic view of nature emerged during the 1800's. It was motivated by concerns that core American values were being degraded by the replacement of the wild frontier with industrialization and urbanization, and by concerns that...
Obligation as an Aspect of Leisure Experience
"Obligation" is a frequently used but lamentably under-conceptualized idea in leisure studies. Its importance there stems from two facts: leisure activities occasionally or frequently have an obligatory side that some participants nonetheless experience...
Our Reform Heritage: Recovering the Vision of Community Leisure Service
Given the rare opportunity to write unencumbered by the usual scholarly constraints, I take this as an occasion for reflection, asking questions that are probably good for all of us to ask from time to time; How did I get here in the first place? and...
Philosophy of Science and Leisure Research
Ten years before the millennium, the, journal of Leisure Research published a special issue devoted to a discussion of the philosophy of science. While acknowledging those in leisure research who have seriously grappled with these issues, Sylvester (1990)...
Race and the Pursuit of Happiness
KEYWORDS: Race, African American, leisure, discrimination Race still matters in the United States of America. Yet, too many people would like to believe that race no longer separates this nation in any meaningful way. Hence, the real public "shock" during...
Recreation Specialization Revisited
The essence of specialization theory, first published in The journal of Leisure Research in 1977 (Bryan) and subsequently expanded in a 1979 monograph (Bryan), is that outdoor recreation participants can be placed on a continuum from general interest...
Reflections on the Future of Leisure Studies
I am troubled by the future of leisure studies. Some days it bothers me less than other days, but I remain generally disturbed. I see things happening in the academic environment, in the social science disciplines, and in the broader social world that...
Reorganizing the Chicago Park District: From Patronage to Professional Status
The purpose of this article is to understand why many large, urban park districts have failed to provide high-quality recreation programming, taught by trained professionals and improved through outreach and staff development. As a case study to be analyzed,...
Revisiting and Revising Recreation Conflict Research
Since conflict emerged as a recognizable outdoor recreation problem in the 1960s, some argue that its conceptualization, modeling and management have been sufficiently addressed such that a viable construct and management issue exists. Others are uncertain...
Riding the Winds of Change
Winds of change from the four directions, in response to the rhythm of the times, are moving us with considerable speed into the 21st century. As they move us along they remind us that the rapid societal and cultural changes we experienced in the last...
Self-Identity, Modernity, and the Rational Actor in Leisure Research
Fundamental to leisure research is the notion that people's recreation is a medium for personal enhancement and self-development (Murphy, 1974; Kelly, 1990), and that the constitution of self identity is a developmental process of psychological growth...
Social Groups and Parks: Leisure Behavior in Time and Space
KEYWORDS: Social group, recreation place, visitation patterns, time and space I have been asked to comment on a reoccurring theme in sociological research on leisure behavior in parks. I will do so focusing on research on social groups in time and space....
The 1960s: A Pivotal Decade for Recreation Research
For the most part prior to Of Time, Work and Leisure (DeGrazia, 1962) recreation was defined as an activity which took place during one's leisure (free time). Proponents cited its value as an enriching life experience motivated from the pleasures derived...
The Death of the Olmstedian Vision of Public Space
"Privatization: An End to the Parks and Recreation Profession as we Know it," the title of an article by Gary Lane ( 1997) , a practitioner in the public sector, is a plea for and strategy by which public parks and recreation departments can fend off...
The Future of Leisure Studies
The creation of knowledge within universities suffers from both over specialization and parallel lines of inquiry and information dissemination, which never touch. Not only do the two intellectual cultures of science and the liberal arts rarely touch,...
The Neglect of Relaxation
The Atlantic Monthly used to feature an entertaining section on historical encounters between some of the significant figures of a particular periodFrederick the Great and Voltaire, Sarah Bernhardt and Thomas Edison, Fats Walter and Al Capone-with the...
The "Real World" and the Irrelevance of Theory-Based Research
Selecting one issue as crucial to leisure research at the millennium is somewhat like playing tennis with only a serve. We need a full-court game in research as well as in the sport. Nevertheless, since I have been working on my serve, here is the one...
The Role of Social Marketing in Leisure and Recreation Management
Consistent with the "social welfare" philosophy of park and recreation, much work has been done to identify the benefits of leisure and incorporate them into recreation management. The benefits of leisure constitute all aspects of human existence; including...
Tic, Toc, the Game Is Locked and Nobody Else Can Play!
It is hard to imagine any leisure researcher who is not aware of the vast number of studies published or presented in recent years that pertain to leisure in the lives of disenfranchised groups in our society. These studies have made us aware of the...
What Do We Know? Not Much: The State of Leisure and Aging Research
KEYWORDS: Aging, gerontology, research, collaboration The conclusion was clear and without equivocation: "Cardiac rehabilitation exercise training consistently improves objective measures of exercise tolerance, without significant cardiovascular complications...
Will Research on Leisure Constraints Still Be Relevant in the Twenty-First Century?
KEYWORDS: Leisure constraints The origins of research on leisure constraints can be traced back for at least a century, but it is only in the last two to three decades that social scientists in North America have conducted systematic research that has...
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.