Journal of Social History

The Journal of Social History is a scholarly journal covering research in social history, social science and genealogy from all periods worldwide. The Journal of Social History is published quarterly by George Mason University in Fairfax, Va. Peter N. Stearns is the editor.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 3, Spring

A Class of Their Own: Black Teachers in the Segregated South
A Class of Their Own: Black Teachers in the Segregated South. By Adam Fairclough (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2007. ix plus 533 pp. $29.95). Adam Fairclough, the noted historian of the civil rights movement in the...
All in the Family: The Private Roots of American Public Policy
All in the Family: The Private Roots of American Public Policy. By Patricia Strach (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007. vi + 245 pp. Paper, $19.95). Compared to historians, sociologists, and economists, political scientist have published...
An Intimate Affair: Women, Lingerie, and Sexuality
An Intimate Affair: Women, Lingerie, and Sexuality. By Jill Fields (Berkeley, University of California University Press, 2007. xvi plus 375 pp. $21.95 paperback). In her remarkable book, An Intimate Affair: Women, Lingerie, and Sexuality, Jill Fields...
Children at Play: An American History
Children at Play: An American History. By Howard P. Chudacoff (New York: New York University Press, 2007. 288 pp.). What the reader notices almost immediately in Howard P. Chudacoff's Children at Play: An American History is the author's artful...
Divine Madness: The Dilemma of Religious Scruples in Twentieth-Century America and Britain
Prior to the Second Vatican Council of the 1960s, scrupulosity was regarded as the excessive fear of sinning. Calling an individual "scrupulous" drew attention to a serious state of existence that included fanatical performance of religious devotion...
Escaping the Laboratory: The Rodent Experiments of John B. Calhoun & Their Cultural Influence
Introduction In 1947, John B. Calhoun's neighbor agreed to let him build a rat enclosure on disused woodland behind his house in Towson, Maryland. Calhoun would later reflect that his neighbor probably expected a few hutches, perhaps a small run....
Family Life in 20th-Century America
Family Life in 20th-Century America. By Marilyn Coleman, Lawrence H. Ganong, and Kelly Warzinik (Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 2007. vii plus 324 pp. $65.00). This volume, which will be especially useful in classes on family sociology, draws...
Fashioning Heritage: Regional Costume and Tourism in Brittany, 1890-1937
In her 1906 travel narrative Picturesque Brittany, the Englishwoman Nancy Bell gives voice to an enduring inclination among outsiders to the region to read desire and their own social and cultural preoccupations onto Breton regional costume. Making...
Glass Towns: Industry, Labor, and Political Economy in Appalachia, 1890-1930s
Glass Towns: Industry, Labor, and Political Economy in Appalachia, 1890-1930s. By Ken Fortes-Wolf (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2007. 272 pp.). Having once supervised a dissertation on window glass workers, (1) I thought I knew quite a...
Impossible Democracy: The Unlikely Success of the War on Poverty Community Action Programs, Why America Lost the War on Poverty-And How to Win It
Impossible Democracy: The Unlikely Success of the War on Poverty Community Action Programs. By Noel A. Cazenave (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2007. xvii plus 264 pp.). Why America Lost the War on Poverty--and How to Win It. By Frank...
Instruments of Concord: Making Peace and Settling Disputes through a Notary in the City and Contado of Late Medieval Bologna
On January 1, 1339 Taddeo Pepoli, Bologna's first signorial lord, stood with three law professors, Paolo Liazari, Maccagnano degli Azzoguidi, and Pietro Bompietri, and about seventy leading citizens from the dominant Scacchese faction to negotiate...
Leading the World: The Role of Britain and the First World War in Promoting the "Modern Cremation" Movement
At the 1971 conference of the International Cremation Federation (ICF), one British delegate consulted another regarding the advisability of the first speaking during a session. The second delegate, probably Kenneth G.C. Prevette, the general secretary...
Leary Kin: Australian Larrikins and the Blackface Minstrel Dandy
On 11 November 1880, the Australian bushranger, Ned Kelly, was executed in Old Melbourne Gaol. Over the preceding week, an outpouring of resentment, curiosity and impending grief had made itself felt in the streets around the prison. Thousands had...
Leprosy and Empire: A Medical and Cultural History
Leprosy and Empire: A Medical and Cultural History. By Rod Edmond (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. ix plus 255 pp.). In his Introduction to Leprosy and Empire: A Medical and Cultural History, Rod Edmond, Professor of Modern Literature...
Letters across Borders: The Epistolary Practices of International Migrants
Letters across Borders: The Epistolary Practices of International Migrants. Bruce S. Elliott, David A. Gerber and Suzanne Sinke, eds. (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. 320 pp.). Since the days of Oscar Handlin, scholars have agreed that migrants...
Paper Families: Identify, Immigration Administration, and Chinese Exclusion
Paper Families: Identify, Immigration Administration, and Chinese Exclusion. By Estelle T. Lau (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2006. x plus 214 pp.). Estelle Lau's Paper Families is a good addition to the existing literature on the infamous...
Pederasts and Others: Urban Culture and Sexual Identity in Nineteenth-Century Paris
Pederasts and Others: Urban Culture and Sexual Identity in Nineteenth-Century Paris. By William A. Peniston (New York, London, Oxford: The Haworth Press, 2004. xi plus 258 pp. $24.95). In Pederasts and Others, William Peniston has written the most...
Slavery on Trial: Law, Abolitionism, and Print Culture
Slavery on Trial: Law, Abolitionism, and Print Culture. By Jeannine Marie DeLombard (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. xiv plus 330 pp. $24.95). Applying cultural legal studies to the study of the antebellum period, Jeannine...
Social Life and Civic Education in the Rio De Janeiro City Jail
In the six weeks from mid-July to early September 1912, about a third of the 389 men whom guards escorted through the front doors of the Rio de Janeiro city jail had been arrested for vagrancy, or in Portuguese vadiagem, an infraction whose etymological...
Sorcery and Sovereignty: Taxation, Power, and Rebellion in South Africa, 1880-1963
Sorcery and Sovereignty: Taxation, Power, and Rebellion in South Africa, 1880-1963. By Sean Redding (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2006. 266pp.). For the past several decades, scholars have investigated the multiple reasons why black South...
Southern Sons: Becoming Men in the New Nation
Southern Sons: Becoming Men in the New Nation. By Lorri Glover (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. x plus 250 pp. $50.00 cloth). In Southern Sons: Becoming Men in the New Nation Lorri Glover examines the construction and performance...
The Blue Jean Generation: Youth, Gender, and Sexuality in Buenos Aires, 1958-1975
In 1975, tango poet Hector Negro wrote about "an invasion that began sometime in the 1950s and put an end to an entire lifestyle: at that point, Buenos Aires was dressed in a winter-like fashion, a grey city." In 1975, meanwhile, Buenos Aires looked...
The Boardinghouse in Nineteenth-Century America
The Boardinghouse in Nineteenth-Century America. By Wendy Gamber (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. xii plus 213 pp.). There were few more evocative ideals than that of "home" in the nineteenth century. The single family home, along...
The Horse in the City: Living Machines in the Nineteenth Century
The Horse in the City: Living Machines in the Nineteenth Century. By Clay McShane and Joel A. Tarr (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007. xi plus 242). This collaboration of two urban historians promises to provide a wide-angle perspective...
The Independent Republic of Football: The Politics of Neighborhood Clubs in Santiago, Chile, 1948-1960
Introduction Across Latin America, and indeed the world, football has shaped national, ethnic, and gender identities. Idealized types including the youthful Argentine pibe and clubs such as the Afro-Peruvian community's Alianza Lima carried social...
The United States since 1980, America Transformed: Globalization, Inequality, and Power
The United States since 1980. By Dean Baker (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xiv plus 274 pp. $55/$19.95). America Transformed: Globalization, Inequality, and Power. By Gary Hytrek and Kristine M. Zentgraf (Oxford: Oxford University...
The Work of the Heart: Young Women and Emotion, 1780-1830
The Work of the Heart: Young Women and Emotion, 1780-1830. By Martha Tomhave Blauvelt (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2007. 272 pp.). The Work of the Heart: Young Women and Emotion, 1780-1830 explores young women's experiences with...
Useless to the State: "Social Problems" and Social Engineering in Nationalist Nanjing, 1927-1937
Useless to the State: "Social Problems" and Social Engineering in Nationalist Nanjing, 1927-1937. By Zwia Lipkin (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Asia Center, Harvard University Press, 2006. xxii plus 420 pp. $49.95). Refugees, shantytown dwellers,...