Journal of Social History

The Journal of Social History is a scholarly journal covering research in social history, social science and genealogy from all periods worldwide. The Journal of Social History is published quarterly by George Mason University in Fairfax, Va. Peter N. Stearns is the editor.

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 1, Fall

Bold Relief: Institutional Politics and the Origins of Modem American Social Policy. (Reviews)
Bold Relief: Institutional Politics and the Origins of Modem American Social Policy. By Edwin Amenta (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998. xiii plus 343 pp. $19.95). Three decades ago, when I plunged into graduate studies, one of the ...
Chinese San Francisco, 1850-1943: A Trans-Pacific Community. (Reviews)
Chinese San Francisco, 1850-1943: A Trans-Pacific Community. By Yong Chen (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000. xvi plus 392 pp. $45.00). While other scholars have studied the Chinese community in San Francisco, especially during the period...
Citizens and Housewives: The Problem of Female Citizenship in Spain's Transition to Democracy
The relationship between women and citizenship has been contentious in the western European liberal and democratic tradition. From the debates over women's participation in the sections during the French Revolution through more than a century of...
Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in Nineteenth-Century New England. (Reviews)
Constant Turmoil: The Politics of Industrial Life in Nineteenth-Century New England. By Mary H. Blewett (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2000. x plus 521 pp.). This most recent book by Mary H. Blewett, a leading student of workers'...
Containing the Poor: The Mexico City Poor House, 1774-1871. (Reviews)
Containing the Poor: The Mexico City Poor House, 1774-1871. By Silvia Marina Arrom (Durham: Duke University Press, 2001. xii plus 398 pp. $59.95/cloth $19.95/paper). Two landmark policy statements on poverty frame Silvia Arrom's study of the...
Defining the Victorian Nation: Class, Race, Gender and the Reform Act of 1867. (Reviews)
Defining the Victorian Nation: Class, Race, Gender and the Reform Act of 1867. By Catherine Hall, Keith McClelland, Jane Rendall (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. xiii plus 303 pp. $69.96/cloth $24.95/paper). Historians looking for...
Domestic Service and Gender, 1660-1750: Life and Work in the London Household & Domestique et Servante. Des Vies Sous Condition: Essai Sur le Travail Domestique En Belgique Au 19e Siecle. (Reviews)
Domestic Service and Gender, 1660-1750: Life and Work in the London Household. By Tim Meldrum (Harlow and London: Longman, 2000. ix plus 220pp. $39.00/paperback). Domestique et servante. Des vies sous condition: Essai sur le travail domestique...
From Paesani to White Ethnics: The Italian Experience in Philadelphia. (Reviews)
From Paesani to White Ethnics: The Italian Experience in Philadelphia. By Stefano Luconi (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. x plus 264 pp.). In this ambitious study, Stefano Luconi argues that Italian immigrants' evolving ethnicity...
Hearts of Wisdom: American Women Caring for Kin 1850-1940. (Reviews)
Hearts of Wisdom: American Women Caring for Kin 1850-1940. By Emily K. Abel (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000. ix plus 326 pp. $49.95). Although social historians have documented and analyzed a wide range of American women's past...
Holy Day, Holiday the American Sunday. (Reviews)
Holy Day, Holiday The American Sunday. By Alexis McCrossen (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2000. ix plus 209 pp. $39.95). Time has always been at the center of social and cultural conflict. No more was this so than in the struggle...
In Defence of History. (Reviews)
In Defence of History. By Richard J. Evans. New edition with an "Afterword." (London: Granta Books, no date of publication. vii plus 37lpp. [pounds sterling]8.99). ISBN 1-86207-395-3. In Defence of History was first published in September 1997...
It's Getting Better All the Time: 100 Greatest Trends of the Last 100 Years. (Reviews)
It's Getting Better All the Time: 100 Greatest Trends of the Last 100 Years. By Stephen Moore and Julian Simon (Washington, DC: Cato Institute, 2000. xviii plus 294 pp. $29.95/cloth $14.95/paper). Mark Twain attributed to Benjamin Disraeli the...
Massacre at the Champ De Mars: Popular Dissent and Political Culture in the French Revolution. (Reviews)
Massacre at the Champ de Mars: Popular Dissent and Political Culture in the French Revolution. By David Andress (Suffolk, England: The Royal Historical Society, 2000. x plus 239pp. $60.00). On 17 July 1791, a Parisian crowd clashed with the city's...
Measuring Mamma's Milk: Fascism and the Medicalization of Maternity in Italy. (Reviews)
Measuring Mamma's Milk: Fascism and the Medicalization of Maternity in Italy. By Elizabeth Dixon Whitaker (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000. 3.58pp. $49.50). An American (or any non-Italian) scholar who spends some time in the home...
Men at Work: Labour, Masculinities, Development. (Reviews)
Men at Work: Labour, Masculinities, Development. Edited by Cecile Jackson (London and Portland, OR: Frank Cass & Company, Ltd, 2001. 240 pp. $57.50/cloth). The essays compiled by Cecile Jackson in Men at Work: Labour, Masculinities, Development...
Merry Christmas!: Celebrating America's Greatest Holiday. (Reviews)
Merry Christmas!: Celebrating America's Greatest Holiday. By Karal Ann Marling (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000. xiii plus 442 pp. $27.00/cloth $16.95/paper). American Christmas is inseparable from the images and things that define...
Monkey Business in Union Square: A Cultural Analysis of the Klein's-Ohrbach's Strikes of 1934-5
Introduction: Strike As Drama Labor historians in recent years have treated strikes as relatively marginal events, prefering instead to focus the cultural worlds and day-to-day lives of working-class people. In comparison to the rich meanings...
Murder in New York City. (Reviews)
Murder in New York City. By Eric H. Monkkonen (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. xi plus 238 pp. $29.95). Eric Monkkonen's study of murder in New York City over two centuries significantly expands and historicizes what we know about...
Musical Women in England, 1870-1914: "Encroaching on All Man's Privileges." & Women Performing Music: The Emergence of American Women as Instrumentalists and Conductors. (Reviews)
Musical Women in England, 1870-1914: "Encroaching on All Man's Privileges." By Paula Gillett (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. ix plus 310 pp. $49.95). Women Performing Music: The Emergence of American Women as Instrumentalists and Conductors....
Naissance D'une Industrie Touristique: Les Anglais et la Suisse Au XIX Siecle. (Reviews)
Naissance d'une industrie touristique: Les Anglais et la suisse au XIX siecle. By Laurent Tissot (Laussane: Editions Payot, 2000. 5 plus 302pp.). Tourism surely began in the imagination. Few would deny the critical role of the British in creating...
Newsboy Funerals: Tales of Sorrow and Solidarity in Urban America
In a small write-up about the death of a newsboy, the Boston Globe observed in 1890 that there was "nothing more pathetic in all the 'short and simple annals of the poor' than some of the scenes connected with the burial of one of their number."...
One Nation Underground: The Fallout Shelter in American Culture. (Reviews)
One Nation Underground: The Fallout S he her in American Culture. By Kenneth D. Rose (New York: New York University Press, 2001. x plus 300 pp.). One Nation Underground joins a substantial shelf of books dealing with the American homefront in...
Partner Choice and Homogamy in the Nineteenth Century: Was There a Sexual Revolution in Europe?
Introduction Courtship and marriage have been prominent on the research agendas of demographers, ethnographers, historians and sociologists alike, and, recently, on those of economists too. Mate selection is important for the well-being of the...
Public Vows: A History of Marriage and the Nation. (Reviews)
Public Vows: A History of Marriage and the Nation. By Nancy Cott (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2000.297pp.$27.95). Public Vows, by Nancy Cott, challenges academic and lay audiences alike to reconsider marriage, not merely...
Reasonable Use: The People, the Environment, and the State, New England 1790-1930. (Reviews)
Reasonable Use: The People, the Environment, and the State, New England 1790-1930. By John T. Cumbler (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. 268pp. $45.00). John Cumbler's book is an admirable addition to the shelf of environmental histories...
Review Essay: Food and History
Historians of food usually find it necessary to explain the significance of their subject. Lest the uninitiated think that food is simply planted, harvested, processed, transported, sold, and consumed, readers are alerted to the many and complex...
Rough Manhood: The Aggressive and Confrontational Shop Culture of U.S. Auto Workers during World War II
Ever since the publication of David Montgomery's classic essay on "Workers' Control," the notions of "manly bearing" and "manliness" have captured the attention of American labor historians. In this seminal essay, Montgomery described how skilled...
Slave Patrols: Law and Violence in Virginia and the Carolinas. (Reviews)
Slave Patrols: Law and Violence in Virginia and the Carolinas. By Sally E. Hadden (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001). Slave Patrols is a valuable resource for scholars seeking to learn more about some neglected aspects of southern...
Slaves on Screen: Film and Historical Vision. (Reviews)
Slaves on Screen: Film and Historical Vision. By Natalie Zemon Davis (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000. xi plus 64pp. $22.95). Anyone expecting an addition to the genre of "ravenous historian preys on feckless filmmaker" is in for quite...
Social Mobility and Modernization: A Journal of Interdisciplinary History Reader. (Reviews)
Social Mobility and Modernization: A Journal of Interdisciplinary History Reader. Edited by Robert I. Rotberg (Cambridge, Mass., London: The MIT Press, 2000. 360pp. $25/paper). Modern social history is looking back to thirty years of rising activity....
Something New under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World. (Reviews)
Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World. By J. R. McNeill (New York: W. W. Norton, 2000. xxvi plus 421 pp. $15.95/paper). The central proposition in John McNeill's Something New Under the Sun is that...
Sowing the American Dream: How Consumer Culture Took Root in the Rural Midwest. (Reviews)
Sowing the American Dream: How Consumer Culture Took Root in the Rural Midwest. By David Blanke (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2000. 282 pp.). In Sowing the American Dream, David Blanke argues that rural Midwesterners developed a distinctive...
The British Seaside: Holidays and Resorts in the Twentieth Century. (Reviews)
The British Seaside: Holidays and Resorts in the Twentieth Century. By John K. Walton (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000. vii plus 216 pp. $69.95/cloth $29.95/paper). Resorts in the twentieth century were big business, and resort ...
The Childhood We Have Lost: When Siblings Were Caregivers, 1900-1970
In an effort to highlight the shortcomings of the posrmodern family, usually dated from the 1970s, social commentators tend to mythologize the arrangements which preceded them in the modern home. In contrast to the postmodern parent, described as...
The Gender of History: Men, Women, and the Historical Practice & the Rise of the Professional Woman in France: Gender and Public Administration since 1830. (Reviews)
The Gender of History: Men, Women, and the Historical Practice. By Bonnie G. Smith (Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1998. viii plus 306pp. $17.95/paperback). The Rise of the Professional Woman in France: Gender and Public Administration...
The New Disability History: American Perspectives. (Reviews)
The New Disability History: American Perspectives. Edited by Paul K. Longmore and Lauri Umansky (New York: New York University Press, 2001. vi plus 416 pages. $65.00/cloth $23.95/paper). Although I am not sure I know what constituted the old disability...
The Professions in Early Modem England, 1450-1800: Servants of the Commonweal. (Reviews)
The Professions in Early Modem England, 1450-1800: Servants of the Commonweal. By Rosemary O'Day (Harlow, England: Pearson Education Ltd., 2000. xi plus 334 pp.). Sociologists and even historians of the professions have treated their history...
The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present. (Reviews)
The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present. By Martin V. Melosi (Baltimore & London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. xii plus 578pp. $59.95). In The Sanitary City, Martin Melosi charts the development...
Tortured Subjects: Pain, Truth, and the Body in Early Modern France. (Reviews)
Tortured Subjects: Pain, Truth, and the Body in Early Modern France. By Lisa Silverman (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. xv plus 264 pp.). In the early twenty-first century, pain speaks only negatives: senseless, undesirable, terrible....
Victorian Babylon: People, Streets and Images in Nineteenth Century London. (Reviews)
Victorian Babylon: People, Streets and Images in Nineteenth Century London. By Lynda Nead (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2000. ix plus 251 pp.). It is Paris that has captured the title of the capital of the nineteenth century,...
Walking on the Periphery: Gender and the Discourse of Modernization
Introduction The Spanish feminist and Socialist legislator Margarita Nelken minced no words when she called walking the greatest symbol of what separated the contemporary, twentieth-century woman from her mother and her grandmother. Ambulation...
Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. (Reviews)
Women and Men in Renaissance Venice: Twelve Essays on Patrician Society. By Stanley Chojnacki (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000. x plus 370 pp. $39.95/cloth $15.95/paper). These twelve essays written over the last quarter of the...
Youth in Revolutionary Russia: Enthusiasts, Bohemians, Delinquents. (Reviews)
Youth in Revolutionary Russia: Enthusiasts, Bohemians, Delinquents. By Anne E. Gorsuch (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2000. x plus 274 pp. $35.00). Youth was important to the early Bolsheviks and remains important for...