Career Development Quarterly

The quarterly official journal of the National Career Development Association (NCDA). Publishes articles on career interventions, career counseling, individual and organizational career development, work and leisure, career education, career coaching, and


Vol. 68, No. 1, March

Counselor Actions to Facilitate Client Change during Life-Design Counseling
Life-design counseling (LDC) methods aim to help people cope with dramatic changes in the world of work by constructing their careers (Guichard, 2016). In the past decade, research has documented the effectiveness of LDC. Much of this research involved...
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Children's Career Expectations and Parents' Jobs: Intergenerational (Dis)continuities
Career aspirations rank among the most investigated variables in the child career development literature (Hartung, Porfeli, & Vondracek, 2005; Oliveira, Porfeli, & Taveira, 2017). Aspirations focus on children's ideals related to educational...
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Early 20th-Century Career Counseling for Women: Contemporary Practice and Research Implications
face many obstacles to their career development, including sexist social attitudes, structural barriers in the educational system, gender biases in career interest inventories, psychological factors such as self-efficacy, and family influences and expectations...
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Whole-Life Career Management: A Counseling Intervention Framework
At least since Super introduced his seminal life-span, life-space approach (Super, 1957, 1990), the importance of understanding career development as an active, lifelong process at the intersection of various life roles has shaped the field of career...
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Self-Concept, Attitudes toward Career Counseling, and Work Readiness of Malaysian Vocational Students
Work and the workplace are rapidly changing because of a number of factors, including increased competition from globalization and associated politics, rapid technological changes, and the impact of these changes on family and society. Within this changing...
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Comparing Career Development Outcomes among Undergraduate Students in Cognitive Information Processing Theory–Based versus Human Relations Courses
Career development (CD) courses have been recognized as integral to promoting effective career decision-making (Folsom, Peterson, Reardon, & Mann, 2005). However, CD courses alone are not enough because other courses could teach skills necessary...
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Vol. 67, No. 4, December

College Student Psychological Distress: Relationship to Self-Esteem and Career Decision Self-Efficacy Beliefs
College students experience a myriad of stressors as they transition into young adulthood while balancing competing demands related to academics, social relationships, and personal needs (Hudd et al., 2000; Pedrelli, Nyer, Yeung, Zulauf, & Wilens,...
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The Planned Happenstance Career Inventory: A Cross-Cultural Comparison
Work environments have experienced rapid changes due largely to the digital revolution that has introduced new and diverse jobs while displacing some workers because of technological advancements (Morgan, 2016). The job market is continuously expanding...
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A Study of Clinical Change in Individual Career Counseling
Outcome research is important to ensure that what career counselors do is effective for every client. In the past several decades, numerous meta-analyses have shown that career counseling interventions are effective (Brown & Ryan Krane, 2000; Oliver...
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Affect in Daily Career Decision Self-Efficacy and Career Choice Anxiety
Researchers have given increased attention to emotion constructs in career decision-making (Bubany, Krieshok, Black, & McKay, 2008; Krieshok, Black, & McKay, 2009; Saka, Gati, & Kelly, 2008). A widely considered emotion-related variable in...
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Discerning Work as a Calling: The Role of Job Crafting
When recruiting new employees, companies prefer to hear applicants say that they want the job because it is their "calling." Doing so conveys that employees see their job as meaningful, do not focus only on salary, are more committed, are more resistant...
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Rural Appalachian High School Students' College-Going and STEMM Perceptions
After graduating from high school, young people face decisions about looking for a job and/or continuing their education. Although many students qualify and aspire to attend college, commonly they face barriers to the college-going process that prevent...
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Student Veteran Career Transition Readiness, Career Adaptability, and Academic and Life Satisfaction
With the passage of the Forever GI Bill in 2017, colleges and universities will continue to experience an increase in enrollment of student veterans in their institutions (Cate, Lyon, Schmeling, & Bogue, 2017). The purpose of this exploratory study...
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Vol. 67, No. 3, September

The Psychology of Working in Practice: A Theory of Change for a New Era
For most of the 20th century, career counseling has focused on supporting people as they navigate transitions from school to work, between work and nonwork contexts, and between various jobs and careers (Savickas & Baker, 2005). Such a focus has...
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Career Outcomes Data from Social Media: Examining Quality in Current Practices
Colleges and universities today face great demand for evidence of student success after graduation. Knowing where graduates work, what they earn, where they live, and what additional degrees they are pursuing are all considered valuable information to...
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Innovative Moments in Career Construction Counseling: Proposal for an Integrative Model
Career construction counseling (CCC; Savickas, 2015, 2019) assists individuals to make career choices and changes through a narrative intervention that revises and elaborates psychosocial identity. During the intervention, a client and a counselor form...
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Profiles of High School Students' STEM Career Aspirations
By the year 2020, 65% of all jobs will require some postsecondary education or training, yet the U.S. Census revealed that more than 42 million Americans ages 18 to 64 have not earned any postsecondary degree (Carnevale, Smith, & Strohl, 2013). Science,...
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The Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire: A Case for Item-Level Interpretation
Career counseling aims to help clients make better career decisions (Gati, Krausz, & Osipow, 1996). This is often achieved initially through an attempt to understand what hinders clients' career decision-making processes (Gati & Levin, 2014)....
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Using Values-Based Webinar Interventions to Facilitate Career-Life Exploration and Planning
The term career and its association with paid work activities began blossoming into a more richly relevant construct in the late 1970s. For example, the term career-life was offered to better acknowledge roles other than worker as important vehicles...
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Life Balance and Work Addiction among NCAA Administrators and Coaches
Over the past 2 decades, life balance and well-being have garnered attention in industries around the world (Azeem & Akhtar, 2014; Chimote & Srivastava, 2013; Davis, Balkin, & Juhnke, 2014). Hall and Chandler (2005) described the pursuit...
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Vol. 67, No. 2, June

Construction and Initial Validation of the Career Maximizing Scale
Making optimal career decisions involves seeking out, evaluating, and comparing different options in search of the very best alternative. Decision makers often face a staggering array of university majors, occupations, or jobs to consider, any one of...
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Creative Use of the Career Construction Interview
The genesis of career construction theory (Savickas, 2013a) and career construction counseling (Savickas, 2013a, 2015) dates to when Savickas (1981, 1989, 1998) first formulated and presented his career theory and practice ideas (for a history, see Savickas,...
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Identity, Campus Climate, and Burnout among Undergraduate Women in STEM Fields
Although science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines offer career opportunities and financial stability, women make up only 25% of the STEM workforce in the United States (Noonan, 2017). Furthermore, women hold only 14% of engineering...
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Predicting STEM Major and Career Intentions with the Theory of Planned Behavior
It is widely accepted that jobs in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are of key importance to the future of the U.S. economy (Rothwell, 2013). STEM jobs are responsible not only for a large percentage of U.S. economic expansion...
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Situational Interest and Scientific Self-Efficacy: Influence of an Energy Science Career Intervention
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (2017) estimates that global energy consumption will increase by 28% between 2015 and 2040. Not only will demand for energy increase, but so too will sources of power as countries around the world seek to move...
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Self-Focused Attention and Career Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Career Adaptability
Regardless of developmental stage or job status, individuals often experience anxiety about their career paths (Chartrand, Robbins, Morril, & Boggs, 1990; Crites, 1969; Saka, Gati, & Kelly, 2008). Career anxiety refers to negative emotions experienced...
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Vol. 67, No. 1, March

Career Decision Self-Efficacy of Asian American Students: The Role of Curiosity and Ethnic Identity
Despite strong cultural expectations of vocational success within the Asian community (Kim, Atkinson, & Yang, 1999), Asian American college students are likely to encounter complicated challenges in the pursuit of their career goals. These challenges...
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The Structure and Measurement of Career Indecision: A Critical Review
Over the past century, career indecision has remained a core topic in the career development and career counseling literature (Hacker, Carr, Abrams, & Brown, 2013; Lipshits-Braziler, Gati, & Tatar, 2016; Osipow, 1999), reflecting the persistent...
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Group Career Construction Counseling: A Mixed-Methods Intervention Study with High School Students
Challenges posed by changes in the world of work (Maree, in press) have stressed the need for new approaches to career counseling around the world to deal with increasing unemployment and underemployment (Graham, Hjorth, & Lehdonvirta, 2017; International...
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Individualized Career Counseling Outcome Assessment: A Case Study Using the Personal Questionnaire
Theoretical, social, and research developments have challenged career counselors to consider assessment tools that are sensitive to a client's complex singularity. The answer to these challenges may be found with an idiographic approach that uses individualized...
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Identification and Integration of Career Theory: Students' Perspectives on the Process
10.1002/cdq.12163Mental health counseling is grounded in vocational guidance, yet a false distinction still exists between career and so-called personal or mental health counseling (Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2017; Subich, 1993). Researchers have found...
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Mindfulness and Decision-Making Style: Predicting Career Thoughts and Vocational Identity
Decision-making, including decision-making styles, remains an area of interest in the vocational and career development field (S. D. Brown, Hacker, & Abrams, 2012; Gati & Levin, 2014). Researchers have explored the relationships between decision-making...
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Vol. 66, No. 4, December

Black Men and Racial Microaggressions at Work
Black men are laid offat rates disproportionate to those of White men (Couch & Fairlie, 2010; DeSilver, 2013) and earn 77.1% of their White male counterparts' salary. Considering racial disparities in occupational outcomes, researchers have explored...
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The Impact of a College Career Course on Students' Career Decision States
Career courses may be viewed as instruction created to help undergraduate students explore occupations; acquire relevant educational information; develop greater self-knowledge in relation to interests, values, and skills; and develop necessary tools...
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Acculturation and Career Development of International and Domestic College Students
Limited research exists on the career development concerns of international college students (Leong & Sedlacek, 1989; Reynolds & Constantine, 2007). However, researchers have shown that international college students tend to experience more stress...
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Career Transitions of Highly Skilled Immigrants: Two Case Studies
The United States makes use of an international pool of talent within most of its specialized professions. A diversified, specialized workforce contributes to the economic and social advancement of the country. Currently, one fourth of all U.S. physicians,...
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Family Influence, Critical Consciousness, and Career Calling in Women of Color
Women, especially women of color, seek careers that they find meaningful and from which they can derive purpose (Burlew, 1977). A career calling can lead to goal-directed tasks that enable women to achieve their career aspirations (Praskova, Creed, &...
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Comparing Web-Based and Traditional Career Interventions with Elementary Students: An Experimental Study
Career awareness in childhood provides a foundation for effective life-career planning (Magnuson & Starr, 2000), and career development starts as early as the preschool years (Gottfredson, 1999; Super, Savickas, & Super, 1996). Indeed, the process...
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Career-Related Filial Piety and Career Adaptability in Hong Kong University Students
Globalization and rapid advances in technology in the 21st century have brought with them many changes in the types of employment available and even the permanence of such work. Whereas the career paths of most workers in the past remained stable throughout...
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Vol. 66, No. 3, September

Negative Career Outlook and the Working Alliance in Career Counseling
The working alliance between the client and counselor (Bordin, 1979; Horvath & Greenberg, 1989) is essential to career counseling (Whiston, Li, Goodrich Mitts, & Wright, 2017). The working alliance is a multidimensional construct composed of...
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The Fourth Industrial Revolution: Issues and Implications for Career Research and Practice
Digitization and automation of work, frequently referred to as the fourth industrial revolution (Schwab, 2016), is considered by many to be the most important societal and economic trend in the world-one that will fundamentally change the nature of work,...
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Using Sand Tray to Facilitate College Students' Career Decision-Making: A Qualitative Inquiry
Choosing a major presents a crucial task for undergraduate students, which may contribute to their academic success and satisfaction (Porter & Umbach, 2006). In contrast, struggling with selecting a major and a career may lead to an unsuccessful...
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Factors Influencing STEM Career Aspirations of Underrepresented High School Students
Strengthening science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) areas of study has been a strong focus of recent reform efforts (National Science Board, 2012). Employment in STEM occupations has grown by 10.5%, or 8 million jobs, between 2009...
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Breadth of Vocational Interests: The Role of Career Adaptability and Future Orientation
The three megatrends of globalization, technological progress, and demographic change have significantly altered the job market and affected the quantity and quality ofjobs in all G20 countries, albeit with different intensity (Organisation for Economic...
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Extending the Narrative Process: Guided Imagery in Career Construction Counseling
Career counseling is experiencing an emergence of idiographic approaches to working with clients (e.g., Hartung, 2013; Maree, 2013; Savickas, 2011). These approaches typically include clients narrating career stories that focus on meaning, identity,...
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Testing an Integrative Contextual Career Development Model with Adolescents from High-Poverty Urban Areas
Counselors and psychologists have increasingly emphasized the need to address the particular work-related issues confronting young people from high-poverty environments (e.g., Ali, 2013). Adolescents who live in highpoverty urban areas (i.e., urban tracts...
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Future of Work in the Digital World: Preparing for Instability and Opportunity
Only a few years ago, I had written that "these are both challenging and exciting times for the field of career development and counseling. . . . Wrought by sweeping change in such areas as technology, the global economic environment, and demographic...
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Introduction to the Special Section
Work and careers take new shape in today's global and digital age. The Career Development Quarterly (CDQ) experienced the good fortune of receiving a set of manuscripts that underscore this fact and offer ideas, issues, interventions, and innovations...
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Vol. 66, No. 2, June

Career Counseling with Black Men: Applying Principles of Existential Psychotherapy
The purpose of this article is to discuss the applicability of existential psychotherapy (May & Yalom, 2005) to career counseling with Black men. First, issues in the career development of Black men are described. Then, an overview of existential...
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Integrating Relational Perspectives in Career Counseling Practice
Changes sweeping the world of work are nothing short of revolutionary. Unemployment, underemployment, downsizing, outsourcing, and the rapid infusion of brilliant technologies are creating trends that are hard to discern precisely (Blustein, 2013; Brynjolfsson...
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Family-of-Origin Influence on Career Thoughts
The relational theory of working (Blustein, 2011) proposes that interpersonal relationships are essential to development of a meaningful work life. Family of origin provides critical interpersonal relationships for understanding vocational development...
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Career Adaptability and Occupational Engagement of Student Veterans
College is a time for students to make decisions about their academic majors and careers, because they are presented with the time and resources to engage in exploratory career behaviors (Fouad, Ghosh, Chang, Figueirdo, & Bachhuber, 2016). Unfortunately,...
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Career Adaptability of Trauma Survivors: The Moderating Role of Posttraumatic Growth
Trauma survivors have experienced the likelihood of loss of life or threat of harm to oneself or others (Matsakis, 1998). Traumatic experiences take many forms, including sexual and physical abuse, violence, accidents, natural disasters, and victimization...
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Career Adaptability, Self-Esteem, and Social Support among Hong Kong University Students
In recent years, there has been increased interest in studying career adaptability as a psychosocial construct. Rooted in career construction theory, career adaptability denotes readiness to cope with expected and unexpected career-related tasks, transitions,...
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The Validity of Social Media–Based Career Information
Making informed occupational, educational, training, or employment decisions depends on having adequate knowledge of available options (Sampson, Reardon, Peterson, & Lenz, 2004). However, results from a National Career Development Association (NCDA;...
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The Influence of Career Planning on Career Thoughts in STEM-Interested Undergraduates
Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields face a crisis of filling jobs with qualified workers, leading universities to develop undergraduate STEM recruitment and retention programs (Chen, 2013). Such programs are tasked with addressing...
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Vol. 66, No. 1, March

Social Justice in Career Services: Perspectives of University Career Center Directors
Career development scholars and practitioners have argued that career counseling needs to do more to serve diverse populations (Evans, Kincade, Marbley, & Seem, 2005; Tang, 2003) and return to its social justice roots (Hansen, 2003). In 2015, the...
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Career Assessment and Counseling for STEM: A Critical Review
Concerns about the need to increase participation in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce are ubiquitous and ongoing (United Nations Development Programme [UNDP], 2015; Zollman, 2012). Therefore, career development in...
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Using the Delphi Method to Classify Medical Specialties
Researchers investigating medical specialty choice, as well as advisors and career counselors working with medical students on specialty decision making, rely on up-to-date models to guide their work. One model of medical specialty classification that...
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Career Decision Making for Korean International College Students: Acculturation and Networking
According to the 2016 Open Doors Report on International Education Exchange (Institute of International Education, 2016), the United States hosted 1,043,839 international students in the 2015-2016 school year. This represents a 7% increase from the previous...
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Communal Goals, Campus Racial Climate Perceptions, and Cultural Differences in Perceived Academic Satisfaction
Although the percentage of Latino high school graduates enrolled in college surpassed that of European American high school graduates for the first time in 2012, Latino students continue to lag relative to other racial/ethnic groups in terms of earning...
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Life Balance and Work Addiction among African Americans
There is a general scarcity of research explicating the life balance of racial and ethnic minorities (Casper, Eby, Bordeaux, Lockwood, & Lambert, 2007). Life balance may be viewed as "a satisfying pattern of daily activity that is healthful, meaningful,...
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Vol. 65, No. 4, December

Career Management in Uncertain Times: Challenges and Opportunities
In the third season of the classic television show Seinfeld, the character Kramer engages in some impromptu career decision making. He gets "the bug" and decides that his true calling is that of an actor in Los Angeles. When his friend George inquires...
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Multicultural and International Research in Four Career Development Journals: An 11-Year Content Analysis
Over the past decade, career development and vocational psychology scholars have championed a return to their roots in the social justice, advocacy, and attention to marginalized groups initiated by Frank Parsons at the turn of the 20th century (Blustein,...
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Technostress: Implications for Adults in the Workforce
Although some workplace technologies create efficiency, productivity, and flexibility (Society for Human Resource Management, 2014), recent literature reflects an increasing interest in the effect of technostress on employee health and productivity (Laspinas,...
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“Yes, I Can”: Testing an Intervention to Increase Middle School Students’ College and Career Self-Efficacy
Recent research has shown that middle school is the appropriate time for students to begin career exploration and improve career and college self-efficacy (Kalchick & Oertle, 2010; Mittendorff, den Brok, & Beijaard, 2010). Development of positive...
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Racial/Ethnic Minority Vocational Research Trends: An 11-Year Update
The educational and vocational landscape in the United States is rapidly changing. These changes are influenced by various factors, such as the increasing racial and ethnical diversity of the population (U.S. Census Bureau, 2012), a demand for highly...
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A Phenomenological Study of Career Anxiety among College Students
More than half of all college students surveyed report having experienced overwhelming anxiety during the previous year, making anxiety the most commonly reported mental health issue among college students (American College Health Association, 2014)....
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Initial Validation of the Planned Happenstance Career Inventory–English Version
As adolescents transition to emerging adulthood, they face numerous challenges, eventually acquire adaptation strategies through trial and error, and obtain management skills to carry out new responsibilities (Arnett, 2000). Emerging adults must branch...
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Vol. 65, No. 3, September

Motivational Profiles and Career Decision Making of High School Students
Career exploration plays a crucial role in high school students' career development, especially for students near the end of high school who have to make the decision to proceed to higher education or to transition to the world of work (Lent & Brown,...
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Strength-Based Narrative Résumé Counseling: Constructing Positive Career Identities from Difficult Employment Histories
Individuals who face employment challenges have myriad stories. A strengthbased counseling process that helps individuals use their stories as evidence of positive assets can shift a deficit-saturated narrative to one of power and potential. Stories...
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Work–Family Balance Self-Efficacy's Relationship with STEM Commitment: Unexpected Gender Moderation
It is of national concern that many U.S. men and women who begin college in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields change majors prior to degree completion (Chen, 2013; National Science Board, 2007). In 2012, the President's...
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The Role of Thinking Styles in Career Development among Chinese College Students
Intellectual style-a collective term for such constructs as learning style, cognitive style, decision-making style, and thinking style-refers to one's preferred way of processing information (Zhang & Sternberg, 2005). Some authors have argued that...
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Understanding African American Students' Experiences in STEM Education: An Ecological Systems Approach
The demand for college graduates in STEM fields (i.e., science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) continues to increase at a relatively rapid rate (Wang, 2013). Projections show that STEM-related careers will grow by approximately 17% over the...
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Career Adaptability and Social Support among Graduating College Seniors
Previous research has demonstrated that college students need appropriate skills, such as communication, time management, and adaptability, to make successful transitions into the workforce (Wendlandt & Rochlen, 2008). Perrone and Vickers (2003)...
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Vol. 61, No. 3, September

Career-Ready Students: A Goal of Comprehensive School Counseling Programs
This article opens with a rationale for and a definition of student career readiness. Next is a presentation of the qualities and attributes of career-ready students. Then discussion follows about what students need to become career ready. Following...
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Vol. 61, No. 1, March

The History of Interest Inventories and Career Assessments in Career Counseling
Interest inventories and career assessments continue to be used to support practitioners as they work to uncover client interests, abilities, skills, motivations, values, and other personal factors that help individuals self-define and construct their...
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Vol. 59, No. 3, March

Career Style Interview: A Contextualized Approach to Career Counseling
Clarification of a client's self-concept and its implementation in the world of work remains an overarching goal of career counseling. To date, counselors have largely used objective measures of interests, values, needs, and abilities in their efforts...
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Vol. 59, No. 1, September

Multicultural Career Counseling: A National Survey of Competencies and Practices
Career counselors' multicultural competence has not been widely investigated. In this study, a national sample of 230 career counselors completed an online survey that included measures of career counseling self-efficacy and multicultural counseling...
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Vol. 58, No. 1, September

Exploring the Application of Multiple Intelligences Theory to Career Counseling
This article demonstrates the practical value of applying H. Gardner's (1993) theory of multiple intelligences (MI) to the practice of career counseling. An overview of H. Gardner's MI theory is presented, and the ways in which educational and vocational...
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Career Counseling for Women Preparing to Leave Abusive Relationships: A Social Cognitive Career Theory Approach
Career counselors work with people from varied segments of society. For battered women, some of the challenges they face from intimate partner violence may significantly influence their career exploration and decision making. Social cognitive career...
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Vol. 56, No. 1, September

Making Career Theories More Culturally Sensitive: Implications for Counseling
The primary question addressed in this article is whether and how career theories can be more culturally sensitive without losing value as conceptual explanations or their usefulness for counselors. Contextual action theory is identified as a means to...
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Getting through to Them: Reaching Students Who Need Career Counseling
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a persuasive message, designed using the theory of planned behavior (TOPB; I. Ajzen, 1985) and written in the form of a student newspaper column, on undecided students' intent to seek career counseling...
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Vol. 55, No. 3, March

Career Counseling Is Personal Counseling: A Constructivist Approach to Nurturing the Development of Gifted Female Adolescents
Gifted individuals face many concerns when contemplating their futures. Often hindered by career indecision; perfectionism; and multiple personal, familial, and societal pressures, some gifted young people flounder when they have the ability to flourish....
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Vol. 54, No. 3, March

Metacognition and Multicultural Competence: Expanding the Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling Model
The authors focus on the significance of the counselor's cultural contexts in effective career interventions vis-à-vis the incorporation of multicultural metacognition. They briefly summarize and critique extant career counseling models for racial/ethnic...
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Vol. 53, No. 4, June

The Use of Genograms in Career Counseling with Elementary, Middle, and High School Students
Genograms have been used successfully in career counseling with adults; however, there has been limited use of genograms in career counseling with elementary, middle, and high school children. This article focuses on the benefits of using genograms and...
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Vol. 53, No. 2, December

Culturally Appropriate Career Counseling with Gay and Lesbian Clients
This article details the current knowledge regarding the provision of culturally appropriate career services to gay and lesbian clients. It is divided into 5 parts: history and context for the delivery of career counseling services to gay and lesbian...
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Vol. 52, No. 1, September

Career Counseling: 90 Years Old Yet Still Healthy and Vital
Career counseling has a long and illustrious past, dating back to the contributions of Frank Parsons and including notable theories and substantial research related to career development. In the practice of career counseling, however, there is not substantial...
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Career Counseling in the Twenty-First Century: Beyond Cultural Encapsulation
The author analyzes the context in which professional career counseling in the U.S. exists at the beginning of the 21st century and makes recommendations to enhance the growth and development of the profession. The issues addressed include developing...
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Career Counseling with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Persons: The Next Decade
The author, on the basis of an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the existing literature as well as the relevant opportunities and threats, proposes future directions for career counseling with lesbian, gay male, bisexual male and female, and...
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Vol. 51, No. 3, March

Developing Qualitative Career Assessment Processes
Assessment has been integral to career counseling since the early 1900s. During that time, the greatest amount of attention was focused on quantitative assessment. Thus, there is still very little to guide the development and conduct of qualitative assessment...
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Vol. 49, No. 4, June

Client Psychological Distress: An Important Factor in Career Counseling
The authors explored client psychological distress as a variable in career counseling. Forty-two clients in a naturalistic setting were seen for a total of 290 sessions by 21 counselors-in-training. The results indicated that (a) 60% of the clients were...
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Vol. 49, No. 2, December

Comparing Intake Concerns and Goals with Career Counseling Concerns
Despite theoretical developments and advances in career interventions (Brown & Brooks, 1996), few researchers have investigated the career counseling process (e.g., Heppner & Hendricks, 1995; Heppner, Multon, Gysbers, Ellis, & Zook, 1998;...
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Vol. 49, No. 1, September

The Career-in-Culture Interview: A Semi-Structured Protocol for the Cross-Cultural Intake Interview
The authors introduce the Career-in-Culture Interview (CiCI), a flexible, semistructured interview protocol designed for the career counseling intake session. The contents of the CiCI are based on recent theoretical advances in multicultural counseling...
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Vol. 48, No. 3, March

A Brief History of Career Counseling in the United States
The author presents the 6 stages in the development of career counseling in the United States. In the 1st stage (1890-1919), placement services were offered for an increasingly urban and industrial society. In the 2nd stage (19201939), educational guidance...
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Vol. 44, No. 1, September

Job Loss as Career Growth: Responses to Involuntary Career Transitions
The Latack-Dozier (1986) model of career growth through job loss was examined using a sample of 515 involuntarily displaced professionals. Results supported the model and identified variables most predictive of career growth for men and women. The results...
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