The Journal of the American Oriental Society

Journal of the American Oriental Society is an Oriental studies journal. Founded in 1842, it is a quarterly publication published by the American Oriental Society. The editor-in-chief is Paul W. Kroll.

Articles from Vol. 132, No. 2, April-June

'Abd Al-Jabbar, Critique of Christian Origins
'Abd al-Jubbar, Critique of Christian Origins. Edited by GABRIEL SAID REYNOLDS and SAMIR KHALIL SAMIR. Islamic Translation Series. Provo: BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2010. Pp. lxxv + 246 + 179 (Arabic). $37.95. One of the most distinctive genres...
Al-Shafi'i's Written Corpus: A Source-Critical Study
I. NORMAN CALDER'S THESIS REVISITED The publication of Muhammad b. Idris al-Shafi'i's (d. 204/820) multi-volume magnum opus Kitab al-Umm and his groundbreaking legal-theoretical treatise al-Risala more than a century ago (1) opened up an unprecedented...
Altturkische Handschriften, Pt. 11: Die Uiguirischen Blockrucke der Berliner Turfansammlung. Pt. 1: Tantrische Texte
Altturkische Handschriften, pt. 11: Die uiguirischen Blockrucke der Berliner Turfansammlung. Pt. 1: Tantrische Texte. Described by ABDURISHID YAKUP and MICHAEL KNUPPEL. Verzeichnis der orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland, vol. 13, pt. 19. Stuttgart:...
Antico Oriente: Storia, Societa, Economia
Antico Oriente: Storia, societa, economia. By MARIO LIVERANI. Biblioteca Storica Laterza. New ed. Rome: EDITOR' LATERZA, 2011. Pp. 899, illus. (paper). More than twenty years after its original publication, Mario Liverani's Antico Oriente: Storia,...
Festivals, Feasts, and Gender Relations in Ancient China and Greece
Festivals, Feasts, and Gender Relations in Ancient China and Greece. By YIQUN ZHOU. Cambridge: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2010. Pp. x + 373. $95. Flipping through recent scholarship that compares ancient China and Greece, one will notice that much...
Guerre et Paix En Assyrie: Religion et Imperialisme
Guerre et paix en Assyrie: Religion et imperialisme. By FREDERICK MARIO FALES. Les conferences de l'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. Paris: LES EDITIONS DE CERF, 2010. Pp. 246, illus. [euro]20 (paper). The book under review is an excellent introduction...
Humour in Chinese Life and Letters: Classical and Traditional Approaches
Humour in Chinese Life and Letters: Classical and Traditional Approaches. Edited by JOCELYN CHEY and JESSICA MILNER DAVIS. Hong Kong: HONG KONG UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2011. Pp. xx + 291. $25. Asking an academic to describe a joke is like asking a chemist...
India: Brief History of a Civilization
India: Brief History of a Civilization. By THOMAS R. TRAUTMANN. New York: OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2011. Pp. x + 238. Had Burton Stein (1926-1996) lived to complete A History of India (published after his death in 1998), he would have written in...
Infectious Ideas: Contagion in Premodern Islamic and Christian Thought in the Western Mediterranean
Infectious Ideas: Contagion in Premodern Islamic and Christian Thought in the Western Mediterranean. By JUSTIN K. STEARNS. Baltimore: JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2011. Pp. xx + 279. $60. Justin Stearns starts his Infectious Ideas in an unexpected...
Islamic Law and Civil Code: The Law of Property in Egypt
Islamic Law and Civil Code: The Law of Property in Egypt. By RICHARD A. DEBS. New York: COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2010. Pp. xix + 191. $50. Islamic. Law and Civil Code explores the transition from traditional Islamic jurisprudence to codes rooted...
Islamic Medical and Scientific Tradition
Islamic Medical and Scientific Tradition. Edited by PETER E. PORMANN. Critical Concepts in Islamic Studies. 4 vols. London: ROUTLEDGE, 2011. Pp. xviii + 380 (vol. 1), ix + 427 (vol. 2), viii + 428 (vol. 3), viii + 240 (vol. 4). $1.295. There was...
Kuvalayamala: Roman Jaina De 779 Compose Par Uddyotanasuri, Vol. 1: Etude; Vol II: Traduction et Annotations
Kuvalayatnala: Roman jaina de 779 compose par Uddyotanasuri, vol. 1: Etude; vol II: Traduction et annotations. By CHRISTINE CHOJNACKI. Indica et Tibetica, vol. 50/1 and 50/2. Marburg: INDICA ET TIBETICA VERLAG, 2008. Pp. 393 and 794. During the...
Marriage and Slavery in Early Islam
Marriage and Slavery in Early Islam. By KECIA ALI. Cambridge, Mass.: HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2010. Pp. viii + 262. $39.95. A few years after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, a free Muslim woman chose one of her younger male slaves as a sexual...
Marriage Gifts and Social Change in Ancient Palestine
Marriage Gifts and Social Change in Ancient Palestine: 1200 BCE to 200 CE. By T. M. LEMOS. Cambridge: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY Piss, 2010. Pp. xii + 296. $80. It is often easy to perpetuate an idea or an interpretation rather than analyze it or question...
Maslaha and the Purpose of the Law: Islamic Discourse on Legal Change from the 4th/10th to 8th/14th Century
Maslaha and the Purpose of the Law: Islamic Discourse on Legal Change from the 4th/10th to 8th/14th Century. By FELICITAS OPWIS. Studies in Islamic Law and Society, vol. 31. Leiden: BRILL, 2010. Pp. xiv + 370. $197. The question of how Islamic legal...
Mesopotamian Scholarship in Hattusa and the Sammeltafel KUB 4.53
The tablet published as KUB 4.53 is something of an enigma in the cuneiform text corpus from Hattusa. E. Weidner (1922) first included it among the Akkadian-language "Med-izinische Texte" (KUB 4.48-62) from the early excavations at the Hittite capital,...
Once Again on the Unique Incantation Bowl BM 135563
Eastern Aramaic dialects in Late Antiquity are an intriguing but complicated area of research. One particular area of interest that provides new insights and information on the character of Eastern Aramaic is that of incantation bowls. New texts have...
Opening the Tablet Box: Near Eastern Studies in Honor of Benjamin R. Foster
Opening the Tablet Box: Near Eastern Studies in Honor of Benjamin R. Foster. Edited by SARAH C. MELVILLE and ALICE L. SLOTSKY. Culture and History of the Ancient Near East, vol. 42. Leiden: BRILL, 2010. Pp. xviii + 489, illus. $230. A scholar with...
Parallels and Comparisons: Conference on the Sanskrit Epics and Puranas September 2005
Parallels and Comparisons: Conference on the Sanskrit Epics and Puranas September 2005. Edited by PETTERI KOSKIKALLIO. Zagreb: CROATIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND ARTS, 2009. Pp. xxiii + 550. Even as the proceedings of the preceding Dubrovnik conferences...
Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient near East, Vol. 1: Near Eastern Archaeology in the Past, Present and Future; Ethnoarchaeological and Interdisciplinary Approach; Visual Expression and Craft Production in the Definition of Social Relations and Status
Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, vol. 1: Near Eastern Archaeology in the Past, Present and Future; Ethnoarchaeological and Interdisciplinary Approach; Visual Expression and Craft Production...
Revisiting the Scene of the Party: A Study of the Lanting Collection
The Lanting (sometimes rendered as "Orchid Pavilion") gathering in 353 is one of the most famous literati parties in Chinese history. (1) This gathering inspired the celebrated preface written by the great calligrapher Wang Xizhi [??] (303-361), another...
Studies of Fascicle Three of Inscriptions from the Yin Ruins, Vol. I: General Notes, Text, and Translations
Studies of Fascicle Three of Inscriptions from the Yin Ruins, vol. I: General Notes, Text, and Translations. By KEN-ICHI TAKASHIMA (with translations up to plastron #259 by PAUL L-M. SERRUYS). Special Publications no. 107A. Pp. xxvi + 817. Studies...
The Disputed Civets and the Complexion of the God: Secretions and History in India
In 2002 the civet and its odorous secretion hit the news in India. The newspaper The Hindu reported that at the temple of Venkatesvara at Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh the temple authorities (or Tirumala Tirupati Devathanams: TTD) were rearing nine civets...
The Hindus: An Alternative History
The Hindus: An Alternative History. By WENDY DONIGER. New York: THE Penguin Press. 2009. Pp. 779. maps, illustrations. $35. Immediately after its publication in 2009. Wendy Doniger's The Hindus became the object of several reviews, some ecstatic,...
The Land of Canaan and the Destiny of Israel: Theologies of Territory in the Hebrew Bible
The Land of Canaan and the Destiny of Israel: Theologies of Territory in the Hebrew Bible. By DAVID FRANKEL. Siphrut, vol. 4. Winona Lake, Ind.: EISENBRAUNS, 2011. Pp. ix + 443. $49.50. David Frankel takes the reader on a tour of various texts throughout...
The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East
The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East. By TIMUR KURAN. Princeton: PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2011. Pp. xvi + 348. $29.95. The "long divergence" in the title of the book under review is a reference to the historical process...
The Mythology of Kingship in Neo-Assyrian Art
The Mythology of Kingship in Neo-Assyrian Art. By MEHMET-ALI ATAC. Cambridge: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2010. Pp. xx + 278, illus. $99. The Mythology of Kingship in Neo-Assyrian Art--a revision of the author's 2003 doctoral disserta-tion--consists...
Typological Figuration and the Meaning of "Spiritual": The Qur'anic Story of Joseph
INTRODUCTION The Quran is not without a center of narrative gravity despite its notoriously challenging narrative flow. This becomes especially apparent when we are being told about the experience of particular prophets or messengers with their...
Women in Classical Islamic Law: A Survey of the Sources
Women in Classical Islamic Law: A Survey of the Sources. By SUSAN A. SPECTORSKY. Themes in Islamic Sources, vol. 5. Leiden: BRILL, 2010. Pp. x + 223. $142. With this welcome volume, the editor and translator of 1bn Hanbal's responsa (Chapters on...
Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel: Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age
Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel: Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age. By CHRISTOPHER A. ROLLSTON. SBL Archaeology and Biblical Studies, vol. 11. Atlanta: SOCIETY OF BIBLICAL LITERATURE, 2010. Pp. xix + 171, illus. $21.95. The...