The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from January 7, 1992

A Chronicle of Europe's Race to Conquer Africa
THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA: THE WHITE MAN'S CONQUEST OF THE DARK CONTINENT FROM 1876 TO 1912. By Thomas Pakenham, Random House, 738 pp., $32</P><P>WHILE some epochs are known for their reasonableness or sobriety, the era chronicled by Thomas...
African Literature Faces Culture Gap
IF African literature has a difficult time speaking for itself in the United States, one reason is that so few critics here have spent any time "experiencing the African reality," says Bernth Lindfors. He spoke at a symposium on the subject held recently...
A Gift for Generations
I LIKE to imagine my grandmother, age 17 at the turn of the century, standing on a wooden deck of the ocean ship, braving the unknown. She is wearing a dark velvet vest, nipped at her tiny waist, with a long skirt - an outfit she was photographed in...
A Sustainable Earth: The Engineer's Role
The article "Blueprint for a Sustainable Earth," Dec. 16, stops short of what is really needed for a sustainable earth.Sustainable society calls for fundamental changes in the rules that govern economic and social development as they affect the world's...
At 25, NOW Faces a Changing Role Leaders of Women's-Rights Group Say It's a Time of Retaining Gains and Fighting a Backlash
IN the mid-1960s, "stewardesses" (as they were called then) had to quit once they married or reached a certain age. Women died from illegal abortions. There were no shelters for battered women.That was the state of the union when the National Organization...
Banks Try to Salvage Empty Office Buildings Lending Institutions and Developers Are Seeking Ways out of Their Severe Losses from Unsold and Unrented Commercial Real Estate across the United States
MANY banks and other lending institutions face a hard question - what should they do with empty office buildings?They acquired these structures, mostly launched in the real estate boom years of the 1980s, after many developers went under. They were unable...
Big Payoff for Small Loans Locally Run Financing Program Benefits Togo Businesses
A BAKER and a shoemaker here are among several hundred Togolese proving that hard work and honesty pay off - and that just a little foreign aid can go a long way in Africa.Shortly after dawn, Dunyah Ablavi, gripping a long-handled, wooden shovel, slides...
Britain's Ban on Sunday Shopping Crumbles a Bit More
THE English Sunday is under attack.In defiance of the law, several giant supermarket chains, their profits pinched by recession, have decided to stay open in 1992 seven days a week.Their challenge promises to transform Sunday from being a day of rest...
Britain's Major Calls for Summit on Soviet Crisis Britain Uses United Nations Leadership Role to Explore Impacts of the Soviet Collapse
THE problems created by the collapse of the Soviet empire are so huge - and so unexplored - that Britain is pressing for a summit of world leaders to grapple with them.Prime Minister John Major hopes to chair a special meeting of the United Nations Security...
Bush Trade Bid Meets S. Korean Skepticism
AS President Bush pushes for greater economic concessions from South Korea during his three-day visit there, his Seoul hosts calculate the costs.Korean government economists worry that opening the country's markets and lifting business subsidies could...
Castro Strong-Arms Cuban Dissent
THERE is a joke making the rounds in Havana.A primary school teacher holds up a photo of President George Bush and tells the class, "Because of this man, we have no meat, no clothes, no spare parts, no oil." A puzzled voice from the back queries, "But...
Dissident Urges US, Latin Neighbors to Support Home-Grown Reforms
DISSIDENT Oswaldo Paya Sardinas likens Cuba to a boat taken over by terrorists."You don't negotiate with hijackers. But you do reason with them and try to look after the hostages. We don't want another Tiananmen Square massacre here," he says.As head...
Eastern Europe Struggles to Shed Vestiges of Soviet Dominance
THEY used to be dismissed as "puppet states," countries with no mind of their own. Now, in a great irony of history, it is the puppeteer that has exited the world stage, while the ex-Soviet "puppets" of Central and Eastern Europe struggle toward democracy...
Fax Abuse and Other High-Tech Hijinks
THE owner of a 1990 Honda CRX was not amused: His car, he complained, didn't stop properly in the rain. When American Honda Motor Company checked his tires, the company found them "normal," dismissing his claim.Frustrated and angry, the man threw a high-tech...
Georgian President Takes Refuge in Azerbaijan
Georgian President Zviad Gamsakhurdia, who fled his capital Sunday night after two weeks under rebel siege, has taken refuge across the republic's border with Azerbaijan, an Azeri official said.An Azeri Foreign Ministry spokesman, Elman Agayev, said...
Green Party Greets Golden State California Is Close to Being Latest Home for the Party Recognized in 50 Countries since 1973
CALIFORNIA, land of tax revolts, term limits, and endless political trends, now has a new political party: the Greens.Philosophical kin of groups in Europe, the Green Party will focus on ecological concerns but will also push other issues - from abortion...
Guatemalan Murder Probe Beset by Irregularities Case Seen as Challenge to Decades of Military Impunity
HER short stature and soft voice were deceiving. Among Guatemala's highland Indians she was a legend. Among her colleagues in North America and Europe she was a rising academic star.An ethnic Chinese Guatemalan, Myrna Elizabeth Mack Chang had become...
Is One of Us Scribes Fit to Be President?
IT was the 25th Christmastime that journalists had sat around the Monitor breakfast table. The guest on this morning was one of their own, Pat Buchanan, who has left their ranks, at least for a while, to offer himself to the voters as a presidential...
Lone Star State Still Soggy after Deluge Unusual Flooding of Three Rivers Has Left Some People Stranded since Christmas
TEXANS generally expect a wet rather than a white Christmas. But this holiday season brought more water than folks around here welcome.Severe flooding in this part of rural southeast Texas turned dry creek beds into raging waterways and sleepy rivers...
Medak's Bravura Film 'Let Him Have It' Dramatizes a Controversial British Criminal Case
'LET Him Have It" is not the most dignified title of the season. But the movie behind it, based on real events that occurred in England some 40 years ago, ranks with the very best pictures in recent memory - a gripping, superbly acted melodrama that...
News Currents
MIDDLE EAST AND GULF</P><P>Twelve Palestinian activists ordered to be expelled from the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip have appealed to the Israeli Army against the orders. An Israeli source said the request will be considered.... Arab...
No Bidding War
PRESIDENT Bush has said he'll do what he must to win next November. That apparently includes offering tax breaks to show middle-class Americans he's aware of their problems.Those who can't afford health insurance could be in line for a tax credit, along...
Perez De Cuellar's Legacy at the UN His Diplomatic Accomplishments Were Brilliant, but His Administrative Abilities Were Lackluster
AT the end of 10 years at the helm of the United Nations, former Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar left behind a mixed legacy: renewed confidence in the world body, but also administrative disarray and low staff morale.On the plus side, Mr. Perez...
PLO Leaders Seek Gains from Israeli Expulsions
THE Palestine Liberation Organization - whose role has waned since its exclusion from peace talks with Israel - appears to be gaining new strength from the deadlock in the first round of talks and from Israel's decision to deport 12 Palestinian activists...
Responding to Qaddafi in Retaliation for the Pan Am Bombing, Diplomatic and Economic Pressure Will Ultimately Be More Effective Than Any Resort to Force
THE United States, Great Britain, and France have been seeking international support to punish Libya for its role in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in which 270 people were killed, and in the 1989 bombing of a French UTA airliner in which 170...
The Assurance of Hope
MOST of us go on hoping, even in the face of mankind's continuing struggle with war, poverty, homelessness, unemployment, disease. But all too often our hope may seem forlorn, and there may seem to be little outward reason to expect healing, peace, or...
The Candidates Talk, Therefore They Run
SECRET documents filed at the state house in Albany, N.Y., revealed that Gov. Mario Cuomo had to give up his membership in two exclusive, little-known organizations, the Professional Talkers Club (PTC) and the Forced Smile Society (FSS).In doing so Mr....
The Price of Going Capitalist
AS expected, Russians are disgusted with the new prices they're having to pay for everything from bread to caviar. But are they so disgusted they might turn against President Boris Yeltsin?Mr. Yeltsin and his advisers opted for "price liberalization"...
The Real 'Stealth' Is in the Tactics of Planes' Backers
OPPONENTS of the B-2 bomber and doubters of Stealth technology are breathing a sigh of relief because the B-2 program was effectively put on hold by this year's vote on defense appropriations. But they should not rest easy.Proponents of Stealth technology...
THE WORLD FROM.Hanoi Bush's Asian Trip, KGB Revelations Dim Vietnamese Hopes for an End to a Tough US Economic Embargo
DAILY amid maps, files, and computers filling the third floor of Hanoi's Boss Hotel, the search for more than 2,000 Americans missing in Indochina continues.In the expansive office established by the United States last summer, up to a half dozen staff...
TV Series Tackle Social Issues but Are Producers Taking More Risks, or Simply Looking for Cheap Drama?
HAS television started to air more controversial political and social issues on entertainment shows? The current season has had some tantalizing examples:* In one episode of "Civil Wars," the new ABC television series about divorce lawyers, a black father...
Why Software Firms Get Gobbled Up
SOMEWHERE in the late 1980s, the software industry grew up. It stopped being the playground for entrepreneurs who could turn a bright idea into a major company. Instead, it has started looking awfully mature."Software is the oil industry," says Jim Manzi,...
With This Bike, I Thee Wed
A GOLD ring is customary for the groom to present the bride. Perhaps he's already dazzled her with an engagement ring - diamonds big as headlights.Instead of rings, I've just received....To pedal backward a moment: Yes, after a dozen years of sort of...