The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from October 28, 1991

A New Model for Global Environment Protection
THE difficulty of striking a worldwide environmental bargain is emerging as diverse interests begin to jockey for influence at the United Nation's "Earth Summit" in Rio de Janeiro next June."But it is not precisely what happens in Rio that's critical,...
Artistic Vision Built Piece by Piece
FIFTEEN years ago I sat on my front stoop on Benefit Street in Providence, R.I., waiting for Bruce. It was early Sunday morning and we weren't going to play golf. We were heading 40 minutes north into Massachusetts to the Norton flea market, which promised...
Benin Finds Democracy Does Not Boost Pay
IN the middle of his 15-hour day as a motorcycle taxi driver in this run-down, West African capital, Marcos Doe pauses to explain a dilemma about the switch from dictatorship to democracy. In countries such as this one, he says, democracy brings a quick...
Boston Students Query Politicians Likelihood of Those Aged 18 to 24 Voting Has Been Dwindling in Recent Elections. GETTING THE YOUNG INTO THE VOTING BOOTH
IN a dimly lit auditorium at Boston's English High School, students took time from their classes to hear about issues affecting their neighborhoods, their schools, and their city.The event was a political forum, featuring seven candidates for office...
Bush and Senate Settle Differences on Civil Rights in Sex-Discrimination Suits, Burden of Proof Would Return to Employer, Caps Would Be Set
AFTER nibbling away at affirmative action for the last few years, the United States is on the verge of enacting new civil rights protections for women and minorities.Senate Democrats and the White House have reached a compromise that, if passed, would...
China Reaps High-Tech Imports, Though Rights Abuses Continue
THE Bush administration is offering China and its military unprecedented access to valuable technology despite continued human-rights abuses by Beijing.The United States and other industrialized democracies have eased restrictions on exports to China...
Chinese Try to Ward off US Trade Reprisals
FINDING words insufficient, United States officials hope to move China toward fair trade by relying more on the clock: the threat of imminent sanctions.US negotiators left China Friday having failed to convince it to open its market to foreign goods...
Dealing with Domestic Violence
JUST a little family quarrel.That's the attitude many law-enforcement officers, doctors, and even relatives have traditionally taken toward domestic violence.Too often, a police officer might simply tell an abusive husband to "simmer down." And a physician...
Eastern Europe Doubts West's Committment to Reform
A YEAR ago everything seemed set for the new-look Eastern Europe. Eastern Europeans and Western observers were encouraged about the region's future.Now, as the second post-revolution year ends, things look different. The new regimes have been only modestly...
Everyone Has A Home in God's Plan
SOME estimate that on any particular day there are at least fifteen million refugees around the globe. In the United States--generally considered an affluent, developed country --there are still hundreds of thousands of homeless.The truth is that we're...
Fast-Food Industry Faces Lean Growth
THERE'S less sizzle - and more fizzle - in the $75 billion fast-food industry these days, as the major chains find that they overextended themselves in the 1980s.If it often seems as though the United States is awash in fast-food outlets, the reason...
Giant Step for the UN
THE United Nations is marching into uncharted territory with its commitment to carry out the Cambodian peace agreement signed last week in Paris. The UN not only must supervise a cease-fire, disarm the warring sides, and oversee free elections, it must...
Israelis, Arabs Plan Strategies Arabs Will Join Together to Call for a Halt to Israeli Settlements, but Unity May Not Last
AS the Middle East peace conference approaches, Arab leaders seem to have forged a minimum united negotiating position, but they have not agreed on a way to make sure that the Palestinian problem is solved before peace agreements are worked out between...
Israelis, Arabs Plan Strategies Facing Pressure to Leave Occupied Territories, Israel Can Take Refuge in Talks' Structure
FOR a man who has succeeded in shaping this week's Middle East peace conference almost exactly to his liking, Israeli Premier Yitzhak Shamir is going to the talks with a marked lack of enthusiasm.His aides say they fear that Israel's major foe, Syria,...
Keep That California Dream Rejecting Dire Forecasts, Scholar Starr Sees State Surviving Boom-and-Bust Cycles. HISTORIAN KEVIN STARR
TRAFFIC-CHOKED freeways, forbidding real estate prices, a stalled economy, unchecked immigration: None of it bursts the California dream, as far as the state's scholar laureate Kevin Starr is concerned.The Golden State is still that, says the historian,...
Land, Peace, Security Egypt-Camp David Success Hard to Repeat. THE STATE OF ISRAEL'S Presence in the Arab World Has Brought 43 Years of Hostile Truce Punctuated by War. This Week, Israelis Sit Down in a Spanish Palace to Open a Peace Conference with Their Neighbors, on the Basis of United Nations Resolutions Calling for the Trade of Israeli-Occupied Land for Assurances of Peace and Security. but All the Participants Come Grudgingly to the Table. Their Demands Seem Mutually Exclusive, and Extremists on Both Sides Decry the Conference. the Prospects for Moving beyond the First Ceremonial Phase of the Meeting to Face-to-Face Negotiations Depend on Whether Arabs and Israelis Can Reconcile Conflicting Territorial Claims in the Interest of a Land-for-Peace Compromise. Monitor Writers Examine the Significance of This Issue to All the Parties and the Steps That Have Set the Context for This Conference
TALK about Middle East peacemaking and one towering achievement inevitably comes to mind: Camp David. Though still controversial in Israel and much of the Arab world, the 1979 treaty between Egypt and Israel defused a dangerous rivalry in the Middle...
Land, Peace, Security Israel-Security Demands a 'Greater Israel'. THE STATE OF ISRAEL'S Presence in the Arab World Has Brought 43 Years of Hostile Truce Punctuated by War. This Week, Israelis Sit Down in a Spanish Palace to Open a Peace Conference with Their Neighbors, on the Basis of United Nations Resolutions Calling for the Trade of Israeli-Occupied Land for Assurances of Peace and Security. but All the Participants Come Grudgingly to the Table. Their Demands Seem Mutually Exclusive, and Extremists on Both Sides Decry the Conference. the Prospects for Moving beyond the First Ceremonial Phase of the Meeting to Face-to-Face Negotiations Depend on Whether Arabs and Israelis Can Reconcile Conflicting Territorial Claims in the Interest of a Land-for-Peace Compromise. Monitor Writers Examine the Significance of This Issue to All the Parties and the Steps That Have Set the Context for This Conference
WHEN Israeli troops stunned the world in June 1967 - seizing East Jerusalem and the West Bank from Jordan, the Golan Heights from Syria, and the Gaza Strip from Egypt - few thought Israel would still be occupying those lands almost 25 years later.Since...
Land, Peace, Security Jordan-Peace Settlement Needed for Stability. THE STATE OF ISRAEL'S Presence in the Arab World Has Brought 43 Years of Hostile Truce Punctuated by War. This Week, Israelis Sit Down in a Spanish Palace to Open a Peace Conference with Their Neighbors, on the Basis of United Nations Resolutions Calling for the Trade of Israeli-Occupied Land for Assurances of Peace and Security. but All the Participants Come Grudgingly to the Table. Their Demands Seem Mutually Exclusive, and Extremists on Both Sides Decry the Conference. the Prospects for Moving beyond the First Ceremonial Phase of the Meeting to Face-to-Face Negotiations Depend on Whether Arabs and Israelis Can Reconcile Conflicting Territorial Claims in the Interest of a Land-for-Peace Compromise. Monitor Writers Examine the Significance of This Issue to All the Parties and the Steps That Have Set the Context for This Conference
THERE is no other Arab state whose stability has been so closely linked to the Palestinian problem than Jordan. King Hussein is tied to the fate of the conflict for two reasons: The US and Israel view him as the only Arab leader who can realistically...
Land, Peace, Security Palestinians-At the Table despite the Risks. THE STATE OF ISRAEL'S Presence in the Arab World Has Brought 43 Years of Hostile Truce Punctuated by War. This Week, Israelis Sit Down in a Spanish Palace to Open a Peace Conference with Their Neighbors, on the Basis of United Nations Resolutions Calling for the Trade of Israeli-Occupied Land for Assurances of Peace and Security. but All the Participants Come Grudgingly to the Table. Their Demands Seem Mutually Exclusive, and Extremists on Both Sides Decry the Conference. the Prospects for Moving beyond the First Ceremonial Phase of the Meeting to Face-to-Face Negotiations Depend on Whether Arabs and Israelis Can Reconcile Conflicting Territorial Claims in the Interest of a Land-for-Peace Compromise. Monitor Writers Examine the Significance of This Issue to All the Parties and the Steps That Have Set the Context for This Conference
THE Palestinians will arrive in Madrid in search of something they have failed to achieve in five decades of war and internal resistance - a Palestinian state on land Israel claims as its own.They will invoke a series of UN Security Council resolutions...
Land, Peace, Security Syria-Insisting on the Return of the Golan. THE STATE OF ISRAEL'S Presence in the Arab World Has Brought 43 Years of Hostile Truce Punctuated by War. This Week, Israelis Sit Down in a Spanish Palace to Open a Peace Conference with Their Neighbors, on the Basis of United Nations Resolutions Calling for the Trade of Israeli-Occupied Land for Assurances of Peace and Security. but All the Participants Come Grudgingly to the Table. Their Demands Seem Mutually Exclusive, and Extremists on Both Sides Decry the Conference. the Prospects for Moving beyond the First Ceremonial Phase of the Meeting to Face-to-Face Negotiations Depend on Whether Arabs and Israelis Can Reconcile Conflicting Territorial Claims in the Interest of a Land-for-Peace Compromise. Monitor Writers Examine the Significance of This Issue to All the Parties and the Steps That Have Set the Context for This Conference
SYRIAN President Hafez al-Assad has one simple, overriding purpose in attending a peace conference with Israel: to recover the Golan Heights.Syria lost this 500-square-mile upland region, perched on hills overlooking the Sea of Galilee, in the 1967 Six-Day...
Literacy Awards the United Nations Spurs Battle against Illiteracy with Five Annual World Prizes
THOUGH sub-Saharan Africa remains a notable exception, the world battle against illiteracy continues to make slow gains. Over the last two decades the worldwide percentage of adult illiterates has fallen from 38.5 percent to 26.6 percent.Since developing...
Miyazawa's Selection as LDP Chief Seen as Back-Room Deal
THE selection of a new Japanese leader moved from the back room to the ballot box yesterday as the ruling Liberal Democratic Party voted to give veteran politician Kiichi Miyazawa a two-year term.The vote for the elder statesman by a large majority of...
Moscow Gives Nod to SDI Recent Statements from Gorbachev and Others Indicate a Willingness to Work with the US on Antimissile Defense Systems
FOR more than eight years America has been debating the pros and cons of erecting a defense against enemy missiles. Since President Reagan presented the idea in the form of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), Congress has been appropriating about...
News Currents
ASIA AND THE PACIFIC</P><P>The Cambodian factions yesterday played down cease-fire violations and voiced confidence that peace would prevail under United Nations auspices. Officials said about 300 soldiers of the noncommunist guerrilla...
Novel of Guilt and Loss
PETE DEXTER says his new novel is about guilt and loss. It sure is.In the opening pages, eight-year-old Peter Flood watches a neighbor's car skid on a patch of ice then slam into and kill his three-year-old sister in the front yard; his father's violent...
Pakistan Faces Obstacles to Literacy Political Instability and Indifference Hinder Progress for the Country's Undereducated
IN feudal Pakistan, educating the people at the bottom worries those at the top.Vincent David knows. After three decades of battling illiteracy through adult education programs, Mr. David says the biggest obstacles to teaching more Pakistanis to read...
Panama's Ruling Coalition Coming Undone
PANAMA'S first pass at democratic rule in 21 years is, if anything, colorful.One splinter group in the country's governing coalition calls itself the "Mutant Ninja Turtles." Another group has been dubbed the "Herons." The country's president has been...
'Radio Free Asia' Use Airwaves as a Tool for Democracy in Cambodia
WITH the signing of the UN-sponsored peace agreement on Oct. 23, the United States should now move quickly to assist the process of democratization in Cambodia by stepping up the flow of radio broadcasts within the country. While US policymakers continue...
Remembering Saville Davis
Regarding the editorial "Saville Davis," Oct. 7: My memories of Saville R. Davis, who held many significant editorships during almost four decades with the Monitor, are totally heartwarming.As a teenager visiting Boston back in the 1940s, I had a keen...
Tax Cut Idea Is Turning into Political Hot Potato Economists Don't Think It Will Help Economy; Democrats Support It as Way to Give Middle-Class Families Relief
THE tax-cut bidding war launched a week ago on Capitol Hill is viewed by nearly all economists and many members of Congress as early electioneering more than sound economic policy.But the result may mean that taxes come down next year.A tax cut enacted...
UN Monitors in Cambodia Have a Big Task Ahead
AFTER the death of a third of its population during two decades of civil war, genocide, and foreign occupation, there now seems a real chance that Cambodia may begin a more promising era. On Oct. 23, the noncommunist resistance forces, the Khmer Rouge,...
US Military Leads Society's March
THE Gulf war brought the American people "up close and personal" with their military. And the people liked what they saw. A multiracial force working together. Women doing equal work for equal pay. Young people using sophisticated electronic equipment....

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