The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from January 26, 1994

An Irish Journalist Looks Inside the IRA
`THE IRA: A History" will tell many readers more than they wanted to know about the illegal Irish Republican Army. But those who stick with Tim Pat Coogan, a Dublin journalist and author of a well-regarded biography of Michael Collins, hero of Irish...
As Libraries and Parks Close, Californians Rethink Prop. 13
HAS the tax revolt that began with California's Proposition 13 finally run its course? Faced with the prospect of closing their libraries and parks, residents in this rural county are beginning to wonder.Enacted in 1978, Prop. 13 lowered property taxes...
As Negotiators Meet, Settlers on Golan Show Brave Face
AT the largest business on the Golan Heights, just outside this neatly planned settlement of red-roofed bungalows, guides can scarcely make themselves heard over the roar of excavators, concrete mixers, and jackhammers.As part of a four-year, $4 million...
Azeris Don't Merit Aid Ban
NEWLY-RISEN concerns about Russia's future should not obscure the tragedy taking place in another independent nation of the former Soviet Union.Americans would be dumbfounded if they were aware that their Congress has mandated a legal bias against Azerbaijan...
Beauty Rather Than Depth Vietnamese-Born Director Emphasizes Artful Settings over Dramatic Power in `Scent of Green Papaya'
VIETNAM has an unusually high profile on American movie screens just now.Oliver Stone's third film on the Vietnam war, "Heaven and Earth," has garnered much attention and publicity despite its regrettably shallow approach to complex issues. A series...
British Steel Faces More Competition Via Chunnel Britons Worry about Lingering Industry Subsidies on the Continent
BRITISH Steel is bracing itself to meet tougher competition when the Channel Tunnel linking Britain and France becomes fully operational in the spring.Not long ago, the company suffered huge losses year after year. Nowadays it is Europe's most profitable...
Changing with the Times
NOT every newspaper reader may realize that there is a new New York Times.After all, the Times still covers the great political and diplomatic events of the day in depth and with distinction; it still lacks comics or even an editorial cartoon; its Sunday...
Choose Honesty
IT was mid-evening. I needed to get home from London and was feeling pressed for time. A train was about to leave, and there wasn't time to go to the main ticket office before boarding. Hoping I could buy a ticket on the train, I ran onto the platform...
Defense Nominee Brings His Own Cutting Edge
IN nominating William Perry for a promotion to secretary of defense, President Clinton has opted for a quick and relatively easy fix to the management problems now roiling the Pentagon.As the current Defense Department second-in-command, Deputy Secretary...
Earthquake Aftershocks Reassure Scientists
RESEARCHERS say the thousands of aftershocks that have rumbled beneath Los Angeles since the earthquake struck should bring reassurance, not panic."If we didn't have them, we'd be wondering where was all that energy going," seismologist Lucy Jones said...
Earthquake and Bitter Cold Take Toll on Nation's Economy but in the Longer Term, New Jobs and Spending May Make Up for Lost Income
THE wealth crumbled by last week's earthquake in Los Angeles - from cracked single-family houses to shattered store inventories to collapsed freeway overpasses - is estimated by California officials to add up to as much as $30 billion.But the recent...
East Europeans Feel Duped by the West's Promises of Aid
UNCERTAINTIES about Russia's economic program raise many questions, but none is more cogent than the implication of widespread doubts about the scope and pace of reform now apparent in Eastern Europe.Euphoria about the Clinton-Yeltsin summit and the...
Europe Looks to US for Tips on Training, Hiring, Firing, and Pay Scales JOBLESS DILEMMA
THOUGH fractured by nagging political and monetary differences, the 12-nation European Union is remarkably in accord when it comes to identifying its most pressing problem: generating job opportunities for a society fast-approaching economic despair.Registering...
Events
US MOVES TOWARD NUCLEAR TEST BAN The US, which for years resisted international efforts to negotiate a total ban on nuclear weapon tests, pledged on Jan. 25 it would now work for quick conclusion of such a treaty. John Holum, director of the US Arms...
Family Photo Album Gets Computerized
SOON many home photos will reside not in a shoe box but on a home computer.This week the Seattle Film Works is introducing "Pictures on Disk," a mail-order service that puts a roll of film on a standard floppy disk for personal computers. Users will...
Foreign Investment, Commodity Price Rise Give Australia a Boost ECONOMY DOWN UNDER
THE Australian dollar has been flexing its muscle. Its rise to US 70 cents, analysts say, reflects increasing confidence here and abroad in the Australian economy.The price of some domestically produced commodities is up. More foreign money has been...
France Reduces Its African Role with Devalued Currency
A RECENT front-page cartoon in the Paris daily Le Monde shows the continent of Africa strapped between two wooden poles, ready to be carried in the manner of African bushmen. But off to the side stands French Prime Minister Edouard Balladur, who quips,...
Gov. Campbell Calls Administration's Health-Care Reform `Blatantly' Political NGA CHAIRMAN
THE chairman of the National Governors' Association says elements of the Clinton health-care proposal are "phony," and he calls for significant changes.Gov. Carroll Campbell Jr. (R) of South Carolina says: "The idea that you're going to just give everybody...
Gradually Equalizing World Incomes
It is laudable that traditional environmental foes in the United States are finally choosing to cooperate, according to the front-page article "Traditional Foes Take New Tack On Growth," Jan. 12.However, the challenge of the spotted owl is far more...
Human Rights Report Sets Global Standard New Categories Include Rights of Disabled, Indigenous Peoples
WHEN the State Department delivers its annual Human Rights Report to Congress on Jan. 31, it will include new categories for evaluating conditions in 189 countries: rights of the disabled, rights of native peoples, and attacks on human rights monitors.This...
In Search of Mystery Penguins They're Gentle, They're Curious, They're Ground-Dwelling - but Where Are They?
WHAT to do?Our plane to Antarctica couldn't leave because of bad weather.We were in the world's southernmost city, Punta Arenas, Chile. Not much happening here.Conveniently, though, the Magellanic penguins nest nearby. One of their rookeries lies beyond...
Leaving Somalia in the Lurch
LEAVING Somalia before it is indigenously governed, or governable, is a serious mistake. The three major warlords in southern Somalia covet national hegemony and will stop at nothing less. Only a well-armed, determined United Nations presence will deter...
NATO Membership: Handle with Care
AS is often the case in affairs of state, the current debate in the United States over whether to extend NATO membership to the nations of Eastern Europe minimizes two significant issues.The administration, following President Clinton's European tour,...
New French Mini-Tabloid Aims at Readers Too Busy to Read but InfoMatin's Niche Market Also Challenges Expensive Dailies
MARTINE FAUGERON has a new companion for her half-hour trek to work in the morning - a full-color, quick-to-read, inexpensive daily that is shaking up French print journalism.Called InfoMatin, the Monday-through-Friday newspaper is an attempt to lure...
Nicaraguan Cocaine Bust Reveals New Cartel Route US Agents Joined Nicaraguans for First Time in Interdiction Effort
A RECENT drug bust on Nicaragua's southern coast and evidence of explosive growth in domestic cocaine consumption have alerted authorities here to the fact that, in addition to its other overwhelming problems, Nicaragua has a serious battle with cocaine...
Nipping Algal Blooms in the Bud Toxic Blue-Green Slime Fouls Australian Waters, Clogging Drains and Raising Havoc with Humans, Land, and Beast
EVERY summer in the small rural town of Blayney, New South Wales (NSW), a three-hour drive west of Sydney, the Belubula River used to look like someone dumped truckloads of pea soup into it. Other times its surface had a smelly green scum.These days,...
On the Rugged Road across Tibet
`SHALL we stop here for the night, or keep on driving?" It was 10 p.m., and we had just arrived in Tuotuohe, a tiny outpost some 4,500 meters (14,760 ft.) above sea level in the middle of the Qinghai-Tibet highway. We had been on the road since 6:30...
Overseas Investors Pour Money into Underpriced Japanese Stocks but Tricky Politics and a Possible Election Keep Prospects Uncertain
OVERSEAS investors in the Tokyo stock market may be wondering if the Japanese know something they do not. As foreigners buy shares they believe to be underpriced, the Japanese are waiting on the sidelines or selling heavily.The two perspectives have...
Polyglot Dutch Worry That European Unity Will Doom Language
THE multilingual Dutch are worried that the expansion of the European Union (EU) could sound the death knell for their mother tongue.No longer content to sit back and watch while English, French, and German conquer the Netherlands, they have gone on...
Preparation for Quakes Beats Prediction
The Los Angeles earthquake proved that being prepared - pinpointing quake danger areas and strengthening building codes - can save lives, a group of seismologists say. Their opinions were detailed at an international conference in New Zealand.Putting...
Rival Factions in Lesotho Agree to Cease-Fire
WARRING army factions of the Lesotho Defense Force (LDF) in Maseru, the capital of a black political nation landlocked by South Africa, agreed to a cease-fire on Jan. 25, following international mediation.In addition, government spokesman Seeiso Serutla...
Ruling Aids Pro-Choice Group Supreme Court Says Racketeering Law Can Apply to Anti-Abortion Protesters
PRO-CHOICE groups won an important legal skirmish in their battle against anti-abortion activists this week, but they still have to prove in court that those activists should be punished as "racketeers."The Supreme Court ruled Jan. 24 that protesters...
Seismic Safety Is Now Top Priority as Quake Damage Is Sorted out Experts Call for Overhaul or Better Enforcement of Building Codes
EVERYTHING from new bridge designs to old sewer lines are being fundamentally reexamined in the wake of the damaging earthquake here.As with major temblors in the past, seismic safety has vaulted to the top of the public and political agenda in California.The...
The Nuclear Shadow Series: MORAL ISSUES of Our Times. Part 10 of an Occasional Series
WHEN Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin agreed this month in Moscow to retarget their nuclear arsenals away from each other, many who lived through the cold war might have felt some minor amazement. Yet the missiles can be redirected in minutes. What truly...
US Retail Chains Hear the Call of Canada Home Depot Already Ships to Washington, So Canadian Market Is Just `a Little Farther'
GO north, young man!Actually, Horace Greeley's advice in 1855 was to head west for opportunity. But aggressive 1990s American retailers have put their own spin on Greeley's words by setting their sights on Canada.The Burlington Coat Factory, Eagle Hardware...
US to Cut Foreign Aid to Latin America
UNITED States foreign aid for Latin America in 1994 is mostly bad news mixed in with a bit of good.The Bad News: The end of the cold war means Latin America will be getting the cold shoulder when it comes to United States foreign aid. After pumping billions...
Who Struck Whom on Reform Americans Decry Abrupt Russian Turnaround, but Reformers Say the Betrayal Lies in Washington
THE shift in Russia's economic reform policies, accompanied by the resignation of the two key reformers in the government, has prompted outcries from Washington.Reformer Yegor Gaidar left the government only a day after President Clinton concluded a...
Yeltsin Tries to End Struggle over Who Will Direct Russian Economy Future of Market Reforms Depends on Whether Finance Minister Stays
THE Russian government is scrambling to contain the political damage wrought both at home and abroad by the resignation of the two top reformers from its ranks.Since Vice Premier Yegor Gaidar and Finance Minister Boris Fyodorov announced their resignations...
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