The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from May 24, 1990

Achievement Tests Put Pressure on Students and Schools
PUBLIC demand for improved performance from local schools in the United States is putting pressure on school districts to find ways to raise scores on standardized achievement tests.These tests frequently are the only barometers for measuring how well...
Air Pollution Obscures Views in National Parks Visitors to US National Parks Are Finding That the Smog Doesn't Stop When They Leave the City Series: WINDOWS ON AMERICA. Part 17 of a Series
AMERICA'S national parks, symbols of unspoiled natural splendor, are being threatened by a man-made problem: air pollution.From coast to coast, some of the nation's most scenic natural wonders are being sullied by emissions from cars, factories, and...
Arab Summit Urged to Take Bold Steps against Israeli Occupation
ON the eve of an extraordinary Arab summit, set to convene in Baghdad May 28, pressure is growing for Arab leaders to endorse a confrontation strategy to counter Israel's occupation of Arab territories.Heightened violence in the occupied lands, and public...
Argentine Austerity Plan Yields New IMF Funding
ARGENTINA is due to be rewarded for its economic austerity measures with a new loan from the International Monetary Fund - a move officials here are hailing as a major step on the country's path to economic recovery.The IMF's board of directors is expected...
Back from the Brink in Kashmir
PAKISTAN and India are moving dangerously close to open conflict in Kashmir, a region they've already fought over three times. The assassination this week of an Islamic leader of the secessionist movement within Indian Kashmir, followed by the killing...
Behind the Scenes at a Canadian Passion Play `Jesus of Montreal' Depicts Tensions over Interpretation of Title Role. FILM: REVIEW
CANADA'S version of the Academy Awards is known as the Genies, and just as in Hollywood, occasionally a single movie comes along and sweeps up a whole pile of them in one night.That happened last year with a picture called "Jesus of Montreal," which...
Big Cities, Bolts and All
GREAT cities are man's crowning achievements. Cities embrace history, culture, and architecture. "The Big City" or "The City of Our Dreams" has evolved into a romantic ideal of urban modernism and progress.Two current books, "The Exploding City," by...
Bolivia Tries to Break Its Economic Addiction Farmers Can't Quit Growing Coca Fast Enough, despite Few Alternatives. COCA-LEAF GLUT
FRANCISCO FLORES is worried. Like 6,000 other peasants who have eradicated all or some of their coca in the last five months, he is desperate for an alternative crop."I personally chopped down my coca with my machete two weeks ago," he explained, "but...
Breathing Life into Welded Steel in the Abstract Sculpture of the Late Julio Gonzalez, the Human Dimension Is Never Absent
IN 1928, when Pablo Picasso needed technical assistance making sculpture out of scrap iron, he turned to his friend Julio Gonzalez, a Parisian craftsman, metal-worker, jeweler, and painter originally from Barcelona (where Picasso had also spent part...
Chinese Director Runs Afoul of Tiananmen Square Fallout FILM: INTERVIEW
`BLACK SNOW," a film by Beijing director Xie Fei, has been a success overseas but not here in its own country - for reasons that are political.The movie won a silver prize at this year's Berlin Film Festival and was purchased by Japanese, Canadian, and...
Cigarette Ads Not Good Sports Antismoking Groups Want to Clean Up Sports, Ousting Tobacco Billboards and Sponsorships. SMOKE-FREE STADIUMS
THE Marlboro man in Boston's Fenway Park had better rustle up some ammunition: The antismoking groups are on the attack and aiming to run him out of Massachusetts.The baseball stadium's cigarette billboard is just one target on their hit list. Antismokers...
GATT Trade Negotiations Coming to a Crunch
WHEN the victorious Allied nations set up the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in 1944 to oversee the postwar economic order, they also planned to create an International Trade Organization with far-reaching powers to regulate international...
Haiti's Trouillot Seeks US Support for Fair Elections
HAITIAN President Ertha Pascal-Trouillot arrives here this week in search of moral and financial support for her tenuous effort to set her Caribbean nation on a democratic footing.Her visit with President Bush on May 24, say observers, is meant to signal...
Job Losses Part of Reunification Cost GERMANY
GERMAN reunification is starting to look more and more expensive.Last week, the Bonn government and the 11 West German states agreed to establish a $70 billion special German Unity Fund to help pay for the reconstruction of East Germany's economy through...
Like Miletus, Once So Great the Ruins of This Once-Great Greek City, Founded by the Ancient Greeks on the Coast of What Is Now Turkey, Carry a Melancholy Feeling of the Past. Besieged by Conquerors and Buried under a Tide of Mud, the City's Tragic Demise Is Mirrored in the Classical Poetry of Lord Byron
I've stood upon Achilles' tomb And heard Troy doubted; time will doubt of Rome.</P><P> Byron, "Don Juan," Canto IV</P><P>BYRON was wrong. Time does not doubt of Troy or Rome. But who today...
Moderation or Tyranny Choices for the Arab Future
THE Arab world is approaching a historic crossroad. One path leads toward domestic liberalization, regional moderation, and peace with Israel. The other path contains the prospect of continued tyranny, external adventurism, and, eventually, war.These...
New Directions for the Third World
FOR more than two decades, gatherings of the "non-aligned" nations have been dominated by sets of rhetorical demands on the developed world: for a New International Economic Order (NIEO) and a New World Information Order (NWIO). In an era of global change,...
News Currents
CONGRESS</P><P>The US House of Representatives passed a landmark bill outlawing discrimination against mentally and physically disabled people, promising greater employment opportunities and increased access to public accommodations. The...
Nursing Homes: US Tries to Rate Them, with Mixed Success
ONE of the most agonizing tasks anyone faces is selecting a nursing home for a relative in need. In an effort to aid those Americans facing this challenge, the United States has just published massive tomes of information about individual American nursing...
Paving the Way for Environmental Negotiations
NOT all the talk about the environment revolves around the greenhouse effect or the ozone layer. A few weeks ago, a group of people concerned with environmental issues met in Bad Reichenhall, West Germany, to discuss process instead of substance. How,...
People, Not Economics, Are Focus of Development Report
THE United Nations Development Programme released a report May 24 which aims to help developing nations consider human consequences of economic policy decisions.The report "will be a good yardstick to remind policymakers that, in pursuit of your growth...
Progress against Guns
HAIL to New Jersey. Under the leadership of new Governor Jim Florio, Jersey lawmakers have just enacted the United States's toughest law against assault rifles. These military-style weapons have almost no sporting use, but their deadly fire power - a...
Revamp Tests to Help, Not Hurt, Study Says EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT TESTING
TESTS given to students and workers in the United States should be changed to accommodate shifting demographics, according to a report released Wednesday by the National Commission on Testing and Public Policy.The report calls for restructuring testing...
Romania's Choice
ROMANIANS appear to have made their choice - and it's much different from that of most East Europeans, who have roundly rejected any leader tainted by past communist allegiance. But Romania has long had its own political and cultural traditions and even...
Safe in God
HAVE you ever simply felt afraid? Not of heights or robbery but of some vague danger related to merely living? If we look closely at this nameless fear, we may find we're feeling threatened by our bodies and our environment -- by what they might do...
Stresses of Perestroika
A GOVERNMENT minister of an Asian country, departing the Soviet Union with his entourage after a stay of some weeks, said that before this first visit he would have rated the USSR from six to eight on a scale of ten as a modern society. Now having just...
Teenage Rite of Passage Adds More Glitter America's High School Prom-Goers Have a New Attitude - and `Tremendous' Spending Power
WITH the prom only an hour away, Tricia Lunny is surprisingly calm. In a ballet-pink-and-white, strapless gown, she puts some finishing curls into her coif, while her boyfriend Tom Duplessis waits patiently, decked out in a classic black tuxedo. Meanwhile,...
The Jewish Stake in German Reunification
ON the night of Nov. 9, 1938 - Kristallnacht - Jewish-owned buildings throughout Germany were burned and gutted, a prelude to the Nazi destruction of European Jewry. Precisely 51 years later, on Nov. 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall fell, setting off a chain...
The Right to Protest
IT may have been coincidence, but it is not insignificant, that on the same day last week that the United States Supreme Court heard arguments on flag-burning, the justices also voted to uphold a Georgia judge's injunction restraining the abortion clinic...
TV Bridges for London Colleges ELECTRONIC CLASSROOMS
A CLASS of language students at a school in the French city of Nice is now getting their English lessons delivered live on TV screens via satellite by lecturers at Kings College in the heart of London.The experiment, which is expected to lead to similar...
Violence Deepens Israeli Divisions SHAMIR'S DILEMMA
The killing of seven Palestinians by an Israeli gunman May 20 has created an awkward dilemma for Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir.The incident has strengthened the position of some Likud Party moderates who say that the only way for Israel to stand...
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