The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor is a national weekly print newspaper published by the Christian Science Publishing Society and owned by the First Church of Christ, Scientist. The paper was a daily until March, 2009; currently the website is updated daily. First published in 1908, the Christian Science Monitor is headquartered in Boston, Mass.The average age of a Christian Science Monitor reader is 59, and 61 percent of the readers are women. The average household income of the newspapers readers is just under $94,000; over 72 percent have a four-year college degree and more than 40 percent have a post-graduate degree. It covers national and international news. The Christian Science Monitor is not a religious paper. The Christian Science Monitor has won seven Pulitzer Prizes since 1950. The most recent was in 2002 for an editorial cartoon. In 2006, one of the paper's freelance reporters, Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq. She was released after 82 days. The paper has also won other awards, including the National Headliner Award, National Society of Newspaper Columnists awards, and the Reporters and Editors Award. Mary Trammell is the Editor-in-Chief, Jonathan Wells is the Publisher, John Yemma is the Editor and Marshall Ingwerson is the Managing Editor.

Articles from October 15, 1990

Air Power Can't Dislodge Iraq
AIR power has become the central issue in the Iraq crisis. A chorus of influential policy elites - apparently including senior Air Force officers - urges President Bush to rely on air power if economic measures fail to dislodge Saddam Hussein from Kuwait....
Animal Liberator Rights Radical Talks about `Underground' Activities against Cruelty
BY day they live normal lives; probably most nights as well.But it is what these people do outside their normal activities that causes the Federal Bureau of Investigation to classify them as terrorists.They are members of the Animal Liberation Front...
Animal Testing Feels the Heat Animal-Rights Groups Are Beginning to See Some Results in Pressing for Non-Animal Product Testing
THE next time you stroll through your local supermarket, take a minute to count your options in the toothpaste section. More than 40 varieties are splashed with such slogans as "Maximum Fluoride Protection," "Tartar Control Formula," and "Plaque Fighting...
Aoun's Defeat in Lebanon Could Lead to End of War
LEBANON has entered a new phase of the struggle to end its 15 years of civil war, following the defeat of Gen. Michel Aoun's forces last weekend.At dawn Saturday, Syrian fighter-bombers attacked General Aoun's east Beirut palace. Syrian forces and troops...
Britain's Tories Squabble over Proper Role in Europe
PRIME Minister Margaret Thatcher's decision to align the British pound with other Common Market currencies has exposed divisions within her government about Britain's future in Europe.Public argument about the best European course for the country to...
Budget Cuts Will Squeeze State and Local Treasuries
WHEN the United States' budget battle ends in Washington, D.C., it will have only begun for state and local governments.Already in the worst financial shape since 1983, state governments would be squeezed by further cuts in the federal budget. Some cities...
Bush Opposes Revised Civil Rights Bill
THE White House rejected proposed revisions in a major civil rights bill Friday and again threatened to veto the measure that it said would lead to unacceptable job quotas.Backers of the legislation promptly said they believed they had enough votes to...
Consumerism with a Conscience Environment-Friendly Products Catalog May Not Be Final Answer, Says Author, but It's a Start
`THIS is not a light bulb," says Bruce Anderson as he holds up a light bulb. "This is an investment," he clarifies.Mr. Anderson is making a case to buy "environment smart." The light bulb is a compact fluorescent that he says will last ten times longer...
Europe's Security Shifts
OVERNIGHT, German unification has changed security issues in Europe.After the falling of the Berlin Wall last November, many progressive voices in Europe and the Soviet Union argued that security in a new Europe should be taken up by the 35-nation Helsinki...
Fighting Social Problems with Rock Songs Ignoring Commercial Formulas, Australia's Aboriginal People Use Music to Express Feelings and Deal with Issues
THEY don't sing about love and heartbreak. Instead, Aboriginal rock groups focus on social issues such as the effect of drugs and alcohol on their community, land rights, and unhappiness over mining and development.It's not the normal commercial formula,...
For Saddam, Where's the Carrot?
PAINS create no pressure unless there is a way to avoid them. Economic sanctions against Iraq - no matter how tight - put no pressure whatsoever on Saddam Hussein to withdraw from Kuwait unless we offer him an alternative which looks more attractive...
Gospel Days
EVER felt the need for an extra boost as you began a day that looked particularly difficult? I have, often. And I can always find it in the gospel. In fact I'm learning that every day can benefit from a foundation in the gospel.When I think of the gospel,...
Harassment to the Brig
UNTIL the mid-'70s, the United States armed services academies were all-male clubs. The exclusionary policy spawned attitudes toward women - or, more precisely, women's "place" - similar to those fostered at other bastions of male separatism. If anything,...
Iraq's Ambassador Lauds French Peace Proposals INTERVIEW
THE following are excerpts from an interview with Muhammad al-Mashat, Iraqi ambassador to the United States, who spoke with editors and writers at the Monitor last week.What shocks us in Iraq (is) the speed as well as the nature and the volume of the...
Latent Civil War in the Soviet Union? an Interview with Andrei Kortunov
Rapidly changing events in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union have brought a number of new thinkers to the fore in those countries. This is the first in an occasional series of interviews with some of them, conducted by independent writer Mark Sommer.ANDREI...
Mexico Resettles Uprooted People Series: MEXICO'S DAMS. Part 2 of a 2-Part Series
LESS than a year ago, Maricela Castresana strolled into this isolated village to chat with residents about the proposed Zimapan hydroelectric dam. She was met by a pistol-toting farmer.Trust was something Ms. Castresana and others from Mexico's Federal...
Negative Campaigning Backfires in Oregon Republican Gubernatorial Candidate Loses Lead after Attacking Democratic Opponent Series: Campaign '90. Part 42 of a Series
OREGON was supposed to be one of the few states around the country this fall where Republicans had a very good chance of capturing a state governorship. Popular Democratic incumbent Neil Goldschmidt had surprised everyone by deciding not to run for reelection....
News Currents
UNREST IN THE GULF</P><P>The Bush administration is planning a series of new diplomatic initiatives to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait, including new resolutions in the United Nations to condemn Iraq's destruction of Kuwait and to call...
Oil Firms Wary of US Drilling Wildcatters Duck Risk of Drop in Oil Prices
ENERGY companies are being very choosy about where they put the extra dollars that their oil has been bringing since August. Low on their list is additional exploration in the United States; in fact, it may even be curtailed."What I have been hearing...
S. Africa Drops Pillar of Apartheid but the Government May Have to Use Economic Pressure to Force Local Councils to Accept Reform
ANXIOUS whites in this conservative mining town have tried in the past to defy the ruling National Party's efforts to dismantle apartheid. But they were thwarted by a combination of black protest and government pressure.So when the segregation of public...
Small CD Labels Offer Diversity as Mass-Marketing Gains Ground RECORDINGS
THE local record shop is changing. It has been decades since the demise of 78-rpm records. Now LPs are joining the march toward extinction.But not only has the technology of recorded sound been revolutionized; so has the marketing of music.Most of the...
The Stuck-in-France Take-Me-Home Blues
I ALWAYS hated France. As a preschooler in a military family stationed in Germany, I had the opportunity to travel all over Europe. I have memories of every country we visited - except France. I guess France and I just never clicked.One year, a group...
The Year the Americans Took Paris
EIGHTEEN EIGHTY-NINE was a great year for American art. It was the year American painters took Paris, if not exactly by storm, then certainly by surprise, with the largest exhibition of American paintings everseen in Europe until that time.The French...
Time to Lift South Africa Sanctions
THE visit of Frederik de Klerk to the United States last month places the issue of sanctions against South Africa back on the nation's policy agenda. President de Klerk has said that he doesn't expect an immediate lifting of sanctions. Yet, it is time...
Top Picks from `Ecologue'
Compact fluorescents: The yearly dollar savings from buying fewer bulbs and less electricity is $4 to $6 per bulb. Over its life, each bulb saves the combustion of 500 pounds of coal at a power plant. Each bulb cost about $20.Honda Civic: Our favorite...
Toymakers Foresee Slow Year-End Sales
BARBIE dolls, Super Mario Brothers and other Nintendo video games, and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles look like the big children's sales winners for this Christmas holiday season. But beyond those products, many toys could be left languishing on the shelves,...
Traditional Tribal Music - a Sort of Oral History in Song - Finds New Listeners
BILLY MUNGIE remembers the first song he learned when he was three years old, an Aboriginal lad growing up in the desert of central Australia. Called "Nyiinyii," it is about a family of zebra finches that leave their home on the country's far south coastal...
US Assesses Strategic Post-Crisis Alliances
THE United States is floating ideas with its Arab allies on the future of Middle East security that would significantly strengthen Washington's strategic position in the region.Arab and European diplomats point out, however, that the durability of any...
US Budget Crisis Bares Wide Leadership Gap While the President Has Sent Mixed Signals on the Budget, Lawmakers Have Failed to Rally Voters Behind Alternatives
LEADERSHIP from President Bush and Congress has been inadequate to the task in the budget imbroglio, political analysts say. This is so, they add, despite the fact that congressional leaders in particular have much less power than the public thinks."The...
US Subtly Warns Iraq on Terrorism Message to Saddam: `If Attack Takes Place - Whenever, Wherever - We Will Hold You Personally Responsible'
IN the West Wing of the White House they have no secret vision of how the Persian Gulf crisis will end. They have no special insight into Saddam Hussein's mind, say officials. They admit to no set time when military action might replace the economic...
While the President Has Sent Mixed Signals on the Budget, Lawmakers Have Failed to Rally Voters Behind Alternatives US Budget Crisis Bares Wide Leadership Gap
LEADERSHIP from President Bush and Congress has been inadequate to the task in the budget imbroglio, political analysts say. This is so, they add, despite the fact that congressional leaders in particular have much less power than the public thinks."The...
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