Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 3, 2003

Mock Juror Ratings of Guilt in Canada: Modern Racism and Ethnic Heritage
This research investigated whether the prejudicial attitudes of mock jurors in Canada produce criminal sanction disparities similar to those reported by research in the United States. In order to investigate this hypothesis, English Canadian participants...
No Pain No Gain? Examining the Generalizability of the Exerciser Stereotype to Moderately Active and Excessively Active Targets
This study examined whether the exerciser stereotype extends to moderately and excessively active individuals, and if the rater's self-described exercise status moderates the effect. Using a 2 (exercise status) x 5 (target type) design, 456 participants...
Perceived Parental Favoritism and Suicidal Ideation in Hong Kong Adolescents
Chinese adolescents from Hong Kong (N = 317) participated in a study of the relationship between perceived parental favoritism in terms of affection and control, and suicidal ideation. Correlation analyses showed that adolescents who believed that children...
Predictors of Body Image Dissatisfaction in Adult Men and Women
Disordered eating and body image have been widely studied in college students and children. However, few studies have examined body image dissatisfaction in adulthood. Therefore, this study sought to determine the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction...
Predoctoral Psychology Intern Selection: Does Program Type Make a Difference?
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the type of program (school psychology, clinical psychology or counseling psychology) is a factor in the predoctoral psychology internship selection process. Simulated application materials describing...
Prescriptive Authority for Clinical Psychologists: A Review of the Debate
This review of current discourse and research on the granting of prescriptive authority to clinical psychologists indicates that the mental health profession is divided into two distinct perspectives regarding this issue. Both perspectives were examined...
Structural Dimensions of the Social Representation of Aggression
The principal aim of this study was to analyze the structural dimensions of social representation of aggression through the Expressive Representations of Aggression Scale - EXPAGG-(Campbell, Muncer, & Coyle, 1992). This scale is used in many studies...
The Effect of Relationship Status on Perceived Attractiveness
The effect of relationship availability on perceived attractiveness is a key component to social relations. Experiment 1 tested 90 female college students, having them read a vignette description of a hypothetical male who was either single, involved,...
The Factor Structure of Condom Attitudes among Black South African University Students
The factor structure of condom attitudes among black South African university students was investigated amongts 1203 undergraduate students - ranging in age from 16 to 45 years - at the University of the North, South Africa, using a 25-item anonymous...
The Impact of Life Coaching on Goal Attainment, Metacognition and Mental Health
Despite its high media profile and growing popularity there have been no empirical investigations of the impact of life coaching on goal attainment, metacognition or mental health. This exploratory study used life coaching as a means of exploring key...
Young Children's Theories of Mind about Empathic and Selfish Motives
Young children's prosocial behaviors may be motivated by empathy. Forty-one 36-66 month-old children were actively involved with a pipe cleaner figurine play scenario. One figurine appeared distressed at an alarm sound. The other figurines simultaneously...
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