Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 8, 2001

Attitudes and Stereotypes about Attitudes across the Lifespan
In the first of two telephone-survey studies, factor analysis of the attitudes of 159 respondents revealed a general conservatism factor and two forms of liberalism, traditional and radical. Conservatism increased with age, traditional liberalism was...
Early Detection of Social Anxiety: Reliability and Validity of a Teacher Questionnaire for the Identification of Social Anxiety in Young Children
Socially anxious children have been described in the literature as at risk of developing increasing emotional problems and of being deprived of valid learning experiences with peers. In order to enable teachers to detect social anxiety in preschoolers...
Evaluation of Determinants of Retirement Satisfaction among Workers and Retired People
The objective was to study ordinary people's judgments, through the use of external indices, of the expected degree of retirement satisfaction and to characterize the cognitive process involved in making these judgments. The method used was an application...
Psychological Correlates of Substance Use among South African University Students
The present study sought to investigate the relationships between substance use and psychological variables among 799 first-year South African university students chosen by random sampling. Psychological correlates (in terms of minor psychiatric morbidity,...
Rating Comic Book Violence: Contributions of Gender and Trait Hostility
This study assessed the influence of gender and trait hostility on perceptions of extremelyviolent and mildly-violent comic books. Participants rated comic books on a variety of factors, including levels of violence and humor. Gender, but not trait hostility,...
Response Bias and Public and Private Self-Consciousness in Chinese
Based on the assumption that a strong norm of moderation is socialized in Chinese respondents, rates of midpoint responding to personality items were examined. Since self-report on personality characteristics induces self-awareness, it was predicted...
Social Labeling and Compliance: An Evaluation of the Link between the Label and the Request
Research on the effect of a negative social labeling on compliance has shown divergent results. Sometimes, a negative labeling made after a first request leads to decreased compliance with a further request, while, in other cases, this labeling leads...
The Effects of Evaluative Context on Performance: The Roles of Self-And Social-Evaluations
This study proposed that evaluative situations influence individual performance by raising concerns about self-and social-evaluations. When an individual performs a task, the individual's performance may be subject to two types of evaluation: self-evaluation...
The Relationships among Achievement, Goal Orientation, and Study Strategies
The purpose of this study was to test a model of relations among goal orientation, study strategies and achievement. The model postulated that academic achievement and goal orientations are related where achievement is related positively to mastery and...
The Revised Self-Consciousness Scale: An Assessment of Factor Structure, Reliability and Gender Differences in Saudi Arabia
The study investigated psychometric properties and gender differences in the responses of 1185 Saudi high school and university students to an Arabic version of the Revised SelfConsciousness Scale (Scheier & Carver, 1985). Findings replicated the...