Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 6, 2001

Comparison of Patterns of Substance Abuse in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
The aim of the present study was to compare the patterns of substance abuse in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). One hundred and twenty substance abusers from the KSA and 79 substance abusers from the UAE participated....
Dream Life and Intrapsychic Boundaries in the Elderly
Sixty-one mentally healthy elderly Swiss subjects (mean age: 71.8 5.5 years) participated in a 1998 investigation into the effects of "dream-telling". Along with a number of questions about their living situation and other tests, the Hartmann Boundary...
Effects of Caffeine on Vigilance Performance in Introvert and Extravert Noncoffee Drinkers
An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of caffeine on the vigilance performance of introvert and extravert noncoffee drinkers. Forty-seven introvert and 43 extravert subjects participated in this study. All participants were female university...
Parents of Disabled Children: Personality Traits
In this study 89 mothers and 49 fathers of disabled children were questioned and the results compared with Estonian norms. A five-factor personality inventory in the Estonian language was used. The results showed that mothers of disabled children had...
Patients' Perceptions of General Dental Practitioners: The Influence of Ethnicity and Sex of Dentist
A total of 126 participants were asked to select, from a series of photographs, the dentist which they perceived as: most caring, most competent, and which they would wish to have as their own dentist. White European male dentists were most likely to...
Predictors of Young Australians' Attitudes toward Aboriginals, Asians and Arabs
Measures of stereotypes, affect, perceived threat and relative deprivation were used to predict attitudes toward three minority groups in Australia: Aboriginals, Asians and Arabs. Participants included 139 Anglo-Saxon volunteer university students (60...
The Effects of Alcohol Intake and Induced Fraustration on the Disposition to Start Fires
The object of the present study was to see whether there are tendencies towards reactive arson, measured as a relation between frustration, intoxication and a disposition to start fires. One hundred individuals, 50 men and 50 women, participated. All...
The Heart Has Its Reason and the Reason Has Its Heart: The Insight of Kohlberg and Gilligan in Moral Development and Counseling
This paper reflects on the work of Lawrence Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan as a missing chapter in the counseling curricula, and discusses the explanatory power of each theory. The paper illustrates how Kohlberg's theory mirrors the "separate" truth of...
The Influence of Feminist Self-Definition on the Democratic Attitudes of Managers
The only consistent gender difference in management style reported in the literature is the more democratic style of women. Democratic leadership is a cornerstone of the feminist approach. The current exploratory study attempted to differentiate between...
The Relationship between Team Identification and Willingness of Sport Fans to Consider Illegally Assisting Their Team
Previous research had indicated that a sizeable minority of sport fans admit a willingness to anonymously injure a star player or coach of a rival team. Highly identified fans were particularly likely to consider these acts. The current investigation...
The Relationship between Thinking Patterns and Physiological Symptoms of Stress
This study examines the relationship between thinking patterns and physiological symptoms of stress in individuals with an auto-immune syndrome. Using the Stress Processing Report (SPR), 216 females reported symptoms of stress, illness, and significant...