Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal

Articles from Vol. 43, No. 1, 2015

Adolescent Peer Pressure, Leisure Boredom, and Substance Use in Low-Income Cape Town Communities
The aim in this study was to determine whether or not peer pressure and leisure boredom influenced substance use among adolescents in low-income communities in Cape Town, South Africa. Nonprobability sampling was used to select 291 adolescents aged between...
Analysis of Representation of Sexuality on Women's and Men's Pornographic Websites
We investigated how the sexuality of men and women is represented on pornographic websites aimed at women and pornographic websites aimed at men. We analyzed 200 pornographic images randomly selected from 4 websites (2 aimed at women and 2 aimed at men)....
An Online Shopping Behavior Model Integrating Personality Traits, Perceived Risk, and Technology Acceptance
Many previous researchers have discussed the importance of attitudes toward accepting new technology and new shopping environments, and the empirical results have shown that such attitudes influence consumers' decisions (Bigné-Alcañiz, Ruiz-Mafé, Aldás-Manzano,...
Cross-Cultural Adaptation: The Impact of Online Social Support and the Role of Gender
With the development of the economy and increases in international influence, China is enrolling more and more international students. By the end of 2013, the enrollment of international students exceeded 350,000 (China Association for International...
Distributive Justice Climate and Job Performance: The Mediating Role of Industrial Relations Climate
Justice of decision outcomes, termed distributive justice (Adams, 1965), has been found to be positively related to employees' work outcomes (Colquitt et al., 2013). In the last decade, researchers have extended the individual-level approach by considering...
Do Salespeople's In-Role and Extrarole Brand-Building Behaviors Contribute to Customer Loyalty Transfer?
Selling firms and salespeople employ strategies aimed at enhancing customer loyalty (Palmatier, Scheer, Houston, Evans, & Gopalakrishna, 2007; Yim, Tse, & Chan, 2008). Some customer loyalty researchers have adopted a multifocused perspective...
Effect of Audiovisual Translation Mode on Perceived Truthfulness of Stories on Video
Various technologies and techniques for delivering messages via television or video can affect not only people's viewing habits but also audiences' cognitive, attitudinal, and behavioral reactions (Nam, Kwon, & Lee, 2010). In a video-viewing situation,...
How College Students' Job Search Self-Efficacy and Clarity Affect Job Search Activities
Job search behavior, a contributing factor to employment, has received wide attention in recent years. Researchers in Western countries have focused mainly on the relationship between job search behaviors and actual recruitment outcomes of unemployed...
Individuality within the Group: Testing the Optimal Distinctiveness Principle through Brand Consumption
The need to experience belonging to a group and the need to feel like a differentiated individual are two distinct and fundamental motives that shape human behavior (for a review, Baumeister & Leary, 1995). According to social identity tradition,...
Mental Disorders and Related Factors in College Students from Nontraditional Families in China
Over the past decade, in the USA and China the number of college students with serious mental disorders has risen significantly (Hunt & Eisenberg, 2010; Li, Lindsey, Yin, & Wang, 2014). An investigation of over 26,000 students from 70 colleges...
Powerful or Powerless When Change Is Needed: Effects of Power on Escalation of Commitment
Findings in research on escalation of commitment (EOC) have shown that decision makers tend to continue on a course of action when the performance expectation is unmet and the goal attainment is uncertain (Bowen, 1987; Staw, 1976, 1981). Persisting with...
Relationships between Human Figures Drawn by Japanese Early Adolescents: Applying the Synthetic House-Tree-Person Test
The Synthetic House-Tree-Person Test (S-HTP Test; Mikami, 1995), which is a projective technique used in clinical psychology, is based on Buck's (1948) House-Tree-Person (HTP) Test. In the original HTP Test, children were asked to draw a house, a tree,...
Self-Disclosure on Social Networking Sites
Social networking sites (SNS) facilitate interaction of networked communities through many-to-many information disclosure practices involving shared multimedia content and personal information posted on public profiles. SNS are differentiated from other...
The Effect of Peer Acceptance on Euphoria among Korean Adolescents
Many adolescents report feeling unhappy, and those in South Korea are no exception. This is reflected in statistics such as the adolescent suicide rate, which rapidly increased from 3.19 to 5.58 out of 100,000 adolescents between 2001 and 2011. This...
The Impact of Extraversion and Sensation Seeking on Tourist Role
People love to travel - it is a favorite social activity. One of the basic elements of tourism studies is exploring why people travel for a holiday. Both extraversion and sensation seeking are traits identified in personality theories that are considered...
The Relationships among Students' Achievement Goals, Willingness to Report Academic Dishonesty, and Engaging in Academic Dishonesty
Academic dishonesty (AD) has long been considered an important research topic (Anderson, 1998; Whitley & Keith-Spiegel, 2001). In empirical studies scholars have examined the effect of external factors (e.g., pressure from teachers), internal factors...
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