Kritika

Articles from Vol. 15, No. 1, Winter

Belief and Unbelief in Russia
Victoria Frede, Doubt, Atheism, and the Nineteenth-Century Russian Intelligentsia. xiv + 300 pp. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011. ISBN-13 978-0299284442. $26.95. Avril Pyman, Pavel Florensky: A Quiet Genius. The Tragic and Extraordinary...
"Colonizers with Party Cards": Soviet Internal Colonialism in Central Asia, 1917-39
In November 1929, soon after the November Plenum and the announcement of mass collectivization, Stalin received a letter from a young Kyrgyz official named Iusup Abdrakhmanov. Then 28 years old, Abdrakhmanov was the chairman of the Council of Ministers...
Confessional Politics and Religious Loyalties in the Russian-Polish Borderlands
Mikhail Dolbilov, Russkii krai, chuzhaia vera: Etnokonfessional'naia politika imperii v Litve i Belorussii pri Aleksandre II (Russian Borderlands, Alien Faith: Imperial Ethnocultural Policy in Lithuania and Belorussia under Alexander II). Moscow: Novoe...
Depression Stalinism: The Great Break Reconsidered
Karl Polanyi's Great Transformation, written in 1944, concentrated on the international underpinning of capitalism and explained how one of its pillars, the gold standard, had fallen apart, thus releasing the forces of economic nationalism that led...
Economics and the Establishment of Stalinism
After the collapse of communism, Soviet economic history remained a relatively small scholarly industry. Interest from other historians was limited because of skepticism regarding both the validity of the rational-choice approach employed by economic...
Economy and Power in the Soviet Union, 1917-39
The ongoing crisis of the global economic system has once again rendered visible the power of the economy to structure everyday human existence. From budgetary shortfalls to state austerity programs, concerns over monetary stability to persistent structural...
Jews and the State in the Russian Empire
Eugene Avrutin, Jews and the Imperial State: Identification Politics in Tsarist Russia. 216 pp. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2010. ISBN-13 978-080144862. $42.95. Ol'ga Iu. Minkina, "Syny Rakhili": Evreiskie deputaty v Rossiiskoi imperii,...
Leadership Transition and Policy Change in the USSR after Stalin
Luc Duhamel, The KGB Campaign against Corruption in Moscow, 1982-1987. xviii + 249 pp. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010. ISBN-13 978-0822961086. $26.95. Jeremy Smith and Melanie Ilic, eds., Khrushchev in the Kremlin: Policy and Government...
Open Letter on Open Access
Open access has been making headlines in the past two years. An object of hot controversy, it has met with great enthusiasm among diverse constituencies, becoming an established institutional policy at many universities and gaining the support of legislators...
Putting the Dacha in Its Place
Ol'ga Malinova-Tziafeta, Iz goroda na dachu: Sotsiokul'turnye faktory osvoeniia dachnogo prostranstva vokrug Peterburga (1860-1914) (From City to Dacha: Socio-Cultural Factors in the Incorporation of Dacha Space around St. Petersburg [1860-1914])....
Religion in Modern Russia: Revival and Survival
Robert H. Greene, Bodies Like Bright Stars: Saints and Relics in Orthodox Russia. 299 pp. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2010. ISBN-13 978-0875804095. $42.00. Scott M. Kenworthy, The Heart of Russia: Trinity-Sergius, Monasticism, and...
The Politics of Crisis: Economy, Ethnicity, and Trotskyism in Belorussia
Following the expulsion of Lev Trotskii, Grigorii Zinov'ev, and Lev Kamenev from the party ranks during the 15th Party Congress in December 1927, the Belorussian Communist Party (KPB) undertook a sweeping campaign to wipe out vestiges of "Trotskyist"...
The Right of Inheritance and the Stalin Revolution
The impending social revolution ... by transforming at least the far greater part of permanent inheritable wealth--the means of production--into social property, will reduce all this anxiety about inheritance to a minimum. (1) --Friedrich Engels...
Uspenskii and Zhivov on Tsar, God, and Pretenders: Semiotics and the Sacralization of the Monarch
Relatively few works on Russian history published in the Soviet Union in the last years of the old regime were translated into English or other Western languages. An important exception was, however, provided by the publications of members of the "Moscow-Tartu"...
World War I on the Eastern Front
Michael Reynolds, Shattering Empires: The Clash and Collapse of the Ottoman and Russian Empires, 1908-1918. 340 pp. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. ISBN-13 978-0521195539. $98.00. Annemarie H. Sammartino, The Impossible Border: Germany...
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