Kritika

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 2, Spring

Beyond the Binaries: The Postwar Soviet Intelligentsia in History and Memory
Polly Jones, Myth, Memory, Trauma: Rethinking the Stalinist Past in the Soviet Union, 1953-70. 376 pp. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013. ISBN-13 978-0300185126. $65.00. Benjamin Tromly, Making the Soviet Intelligentsia: Universities and Intellectual...
Criminal Law in Muscovy
Nancy Kollmann, Crime and Punishment in Early Modern Russia, xvi + 488 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN-13 978-1107025134. $115.00. On the last page of this monumental and important work Nancy Kollmann summarizes some of her...
Faded Glory in Full Color: Russia's Architectural History
History, by definition, depends on the existence of written records; everything before the appearance of writing is considered prehistory. Material objects have always informed scholars' understanding of the past, and since the appearance of the Armales...
Feofan Prokopovich's Pravda Voli Monarshei as Fundamental Law of the Russian Empire
In Russia, the government is a despotism mitigated by strangulation. This sarcastic definition of "Russian constitution," attributed to Germaine de Stael, reflects both contemporary and modern perceptions of 18th-century Russia. (1) An "age of palace...
From the Del'vig House to the Gas-Scraper: The Fight to Preserve St. Petersburg
I am not the director of a museum but the mayor of a city. --Valentina Matvienko, mayor of Petersburg A person who does not love the historical monuments of his country does not love his country. --Dmitrii Likhachev, activist and scholar of...
Intentions and Realities in 18th-Century Monarchy: New Insights and Discoveries
The four articles in this forum provide glimpses of some of the most interesting new scholarship on 18th-century Russian history. The topics vary from beards to property inheritance to forms and philosophy of criminal punishment to Peters controversial...
Noble Landownership in 18th-Century Russia: Revisiting the Economic and Sociopolitical Consequences of Partible Inheritance
The idea that partible inheritance had a negative influence on the economic well-being of noble families is well known; it was set out in the famous Law of Single Inheritance published by Peter the Great in 1714. (1) Most historians believe that after...
Perlustration in Imperial Russia
V. S. Izmozik, "Chernye kabinety": Istoria rossiiskoiperliustratsii, XVIII-nachalo XX veka ("Black Offices": The History of Russian Perlustration, 18th-Early 20th Centuries). 693 pp. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2015. ISBN-13 978-5444802373....
Punishment by Penance in 18th-Century Russia: Church Practices in the Service of the Secular State
Historians look for special terms to characterize every era, and capacious metaphors often predominate over scholarly terminology. Perhaps no period in Russian history has attracted as many figurative designations as the second half of the 18th century....
Reflexivity and the Russian Professoriate
Rustem Vakhitov, Sud 'by universiteta v Rossii: Imperskii, sovetskii ipostsovetskii razdatochnyi mul 'tinstitut (The Fates of the University in Russia: The Imperial, Soviet, and Post-Soviet Disbursive Multinstitute). Moscow: Strana Oz, 2014. ISBN-13...
Stalinism as Traditional Political Culture
J. Arch Getty, Practicing Stalinism: Bolsheviks, Boyars, and the Persistence of Tradition. 359 pp. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013. ISBN-13 978-0300169294. $45.00. J. Arch Getty has played a major role in defining our understanding of Soviet...
The Barber of All Russia: Lawmaking, Resistance, and Mutual Adaptation during Peter the Great's Cultural Reforms
Peter the Great's cultural policies are generally regarded as having broken decisively with the past. Measures aimed at Europeanizing Russians' habits of grooming and dress served to exemplify these policies, ushered in at the autocrat's behest without...
The Vibrant 18th Century
The 18th century is an unsettled and unsettling age. It was the culmination of the many transitions that marked the early modern period and the beginning of a recognizably different era, in which several of the key problems underlying modernity emerged...
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