Research and Issues in Music Education (RIME)

Articles

Vol. 13, No. 1, September

A Survey of Elementary and Secondary Music Educators' Professional Background, Teaching
Introduction In 1997, Linda Darling-Hammond's National Commission on Teaching and America's Future follow-up report "Doing what matters most: Investing in Quality Teaching" outlined challenges facing teachers. These challenges include a shortage...
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Children's Musical Empowerment in Two Composition Task Designs
Introduction Musical composition and other creative endeavors have become increasingly present in general music curricula. Shouldice (2014) reported that 84.2% of Michigan elementary music teachers incorporated composition in their music classrooms....
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Music Education from Birth to Five: An Examination of Early Childhood Educators' Music Teaching Practices
Introduction A majority of early childhood educators (ECEs) indicate that children enjoy music activities, although most of them also say that they are inadequately trained to awaken children to music (Gruenhagen, 2012). This stands to reason, as...
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Notes from the Editor
Welcome to the 2016-2017 issue of Research and Issues in Music Education (RIME). In this issue, Wendy Matthews of Wayne State University and Karen Koner of California State University, Stanislaus report on professional attributes and job satisfaction...
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Predictive Ability from ePortfolios of Student Achievement Associated with Professional Teaching Standards: An Exploratory Case Study
Introduction One assessment tool used widely in teacher preparation programs throughout U.S. schools is the portfolio, which, though most often used to assess achievement of knowledge and proficiency, might also be used to indicate potential teaching...
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The Comparison of Novice and Master Instrumental Music Educators' Use of Figurative Language and Their Attitudes concerning It as a Tool for Effective Teaching
Introduction Teaching instrumental music, at any level, is a difficult profession. An instructor must first understand numerous music concepts and then be effective in conveying those to students. Compounding the difficulty level, each instrument...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, September

Notes from the Editor
Welcome to the 2015 issue of Research and Issues in Music Education (RIME). It's been two years since our last issue, but I think our present offerings are well worth the wait. Also, returning readers will notice a restructured site and format Many...
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"If It Fits into Their Culture, Then They Will Have a Connection": Experiences of Two Latina Students in a Select High School Choir
Introduction It was my first semester of teaching in a large urban middle school in California, and I knew right away that we would not sing a note that particular day. The air was heavy with emotion. Many students had walked out of class to attend...
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Experiences and Perceptions of Middle School Handbell Participants
Introduction Handbell choirs are common music ensembles found in churches around the United States. While Westcott acknowledged the setting of churches as the most common venue for handbells, he stated "its real significance lies in its recognized...
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Rockin' around the Clock: An Exploratory Study of Music Teachers' Personal Listening Choices
Introduction For music teachers, contact with music is a total embrace. Described as "surround sound" by Shehan-Campbell (2005), music teachers immerse themselves in music daily within their classrooms; many also practice and perform music in after-school...
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Social Justice Issues and Music Education in the Post 9/11 United States
Introduction The purpose of this paper is two-fold: first, using an historical perspective, examine what impact school reform has had on music education post 9/11 with the intent of establishing a context for social justice issues; and second, how...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, September

Notes from the Editor
This past August I had the opportunity to take part as a conductor in the Harmoniemusik Academy St. Moritz in St. Moritz, Switzerland. For a week in this beautiful Alps setting, I joined other musicians from the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and...
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High School Band Students' Perspectives of Teacher Turnover
Introduction In typical large high schools, teachers of academic classes may be assigned to a grade level, such as tenth-grade English or junior-year Chemistry. Students may not notice when an academic teacher leaves at the end of a school year...
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A Community of Peer Interactions as a Resource to Prepare Music Teacher Educators
Introduction Preparing music teachers is considered one of the most important topics in music education (Campbell, 2007; Conway, 2002), but there are surprisingly few studies regarding music teacher educator preparation. Several scholars have dealt...
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Curriculum Reform in Rural China: An Exploratory Case Study
Introduction With tens of millions of children and millions of teachers in Chinese rural schools, state-sponsored curriculum reform, which began on a trial basis in 2001, has far-reaching implications, especially to this often-underserved population....
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Assessment in Music Education: Relationships between Classroom Practice and Professional Publication Topics
Introduction Assessment and teacher professional development are two areas currently receiving considerable attention from the many and varied stakeholders in the field of education. One area of professional development that is inexpensive, easily...
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The Relationship between Collegiate Band Members' Preferences of Teacher Interpersonal Behavior and Perceived Self-Efficacy
Introduction During the early 1980s, researchers at Utrecht University in the Netherlands were studying beginning teachers in an effort to improve the teacher education program. A line of research was developed in which teaching was analyzed from...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, September

Notes from the Editor
I'm having difficulty believing that I'm writing notes for the tenth anniversary issue of Research and Issues in Music Education. What began as an experiment a dozen plus years ago seems to have caught on, and I'm grateful for our editorial board,...
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Himie Voxman: His Contributions to Music Education
The Bulletin of Historical Research in Music Education 17, no. 2 (January 1996): 85 - 97. Reprinted by permission of Mark Fonder, editor of the Journal of Historical Research in Music Education. Early Years Born in Centerville, Iowa in 1912 to...
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How Participants Envision Community Music in Welsh Men's Choirs
How Participants Envision Community Music in Welsh Men's Choirs The United States is well known, worldwide for its school music programs that produce skilled musicians. Once students graduate, though, many opt to discontinue active participation...
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Preferences of and Attitudes toward Treble Choral Ensembles
Introduction The abundance of females in choral programs in the U.S. has gained much attention at choral workshops and symposia with the focus typically being on how to achieve a balance between vocal parts by recruiting and retaining males rather...
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Composition Instruction and Cognitive Performance: Results of a Pilot Study
Introduction Music education programs prepare the mind for learning in many cognitive domains. Previous research suggests that musical training enhances general cognitive abilities such as spatial temporal reasoning (Hetland, 2000; Rauscher, Levine,...
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Spirituality and Synagogue Music: A Case Study of Two Synagogue Music Ensembles
Introduction In 2009-2010, I conducted a study of the adult choir (Kol Emet) and band (Temple Emeth Band) at Temple Emeth, a Reform synagogue in Teaneck, New Jersey, USA, in an effort to begin to understand what may be the spiritual connections...
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Review of MENC Handbook of Research on Music Learning (Vols. 1 & 2), Oxford University Press, 2011, Edited by Richard Colwell and Peter Webster
Music educators and researchers regularly seek new ideas and current information about effective teaching and learning at all levels of instruction. The vast quantity of completed studies, and the time required to review, edit, and publish them, often...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, September

Notes from the Editor
A main element guiding conversations in last spring's University of St. Thomas undergraduate Music of the U.S.: Oral and Written Traditions course was Alan Merriam's functions of music as he delineated them in The Anthropology of Music. While I was...
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Achievement Motivation and the Adolescent Musician: A Synthesis of the Literature
Introduction Julie, a 13-year old flute player, began playing her flute in the fifth-grade band at her public middle school three years ago. Today, Julie sat in her chair reflecting upon how she had gotten to this point. Back in fifth grade, Julie's...
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Backgrounds, Teaching Responsibilities, and Motivations of Music Education Candidates Enrolled in Alternative Certification Music Education Programs
Introduction Alternative teacher certification (ATC) refers to a variety of routes in becoming a credentialed teacher, from emergency certification to outlined programs of study (Feistritzer, 2000). Although the majority of new teachers still earn...
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The Identification of Conductor-Distinguished Functions of Conducting
Introduction Researchers have long sought to detect and sort out the many individual behaviors of conducting. Altogether, the list has extended to include types of baton grips, preparatory gestures, ending gestures, beat patterns, cues, left hand...
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Identity Negotiation: An Intergenerational Examination of Lesbian and Gay Band Directors
Introduction In a documentary examining the experiences of lesbian and gay educators in the UK, a special education teacher recounted that when a student asked why he was unmarried, he replied, "Well, because I'm gay. I don't want to get married...
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The Effects of Orchestration on Musicians' and Nonmusicians' Perception of Musical Tension
Introduction Investigators have successfully identified and measured emotional, aesthetic, and artistic responses to various musical stimuli (Aiello & Sloboda, 1994; Lychner, 2008; Madsen & Fredrickson, 1993; Sloboda, 1991; Sloboda &...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, September

Adult Motivations in Community Orchestra Participation: A Pilot Case Study of the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra (New Jersey)
Introduction Community orchestra participation is a viable and active form of adult informal education. In the state of New Jersey, where this study was conducted, there are sixty-five ensembles listed with the Association of New Jersey Orchestras...
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Church Musicians' Participation Perceptions: Applications to Community Music
Church musicians' participation perceptions: Applications to community music Churches are important community enterprises that have the potential to benefit individuals' quality of life. Spirituality has been cited as a positive aspect related to...
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Rhythmic Characteristics of Improvisational Drumming among Preschool Children
A call-and-response drumming activity was carried out to determine the rhythmic characteristics of improvised patterns created by preschool children. Specific goals of the study were to: (1) determine the durations, start and stop times, and rhythmic...
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>Preservice Elementary Classroom Teachers' Attitudes toward Music in the School Curriculum and Teaching Music
The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of preservice elementary education classroom teachers toward teaching music and the importance of music in the school curriculum as they prepare to enter the field in an era of high stakes testing,...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, September

A Constructivist Application for Online Learning in Music
A Constructivist Application for Online Learning in Music The year: 1988. The setting: a typical classroom at a midwestern university. I am in music history on a too-warm spring afternoon, listening to the drone of the professor's lecture and trying...
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A Principled Approach to Teaching Music Composition to Children
Angelina swings her teddy bear through the air singing a little tune "teddy bear, teddy bear, flying way up, up, up." She continues to play wrapping her bear in a fluffy blanket and stuffing it into a small toy swing. She sings her melody again with...
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Assessing Individual Performance in the College Band
Richard Colwell, Professor Emeritus of Music Education at the University of Illinois and the New England Conservatory of Music, in reference to Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook I: Cognitive Domain, wrote, "When skills are considered...
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Cultural Translation in Two Directions: The Suzuki Method in Japan and Germany
Cultural Translation in Two Directions: The Suzuki Method in Japan and Germany Introduction (1) The Suzuki Method represents a significant Japanese contribution to the teaching of musical instruments worldwide. Unlike other cultural pursuits...
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Directors' Attitudes regarding Parental Involvement in the Middle School Choral Setting
Introduction Educational research strongly suggests that parental involvement is beneficial for academic achievement and scholarly studies have pointed to parents' seminal role in the education of young children as well as the need for continued...
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Engaging Music and Media: Technology as a Universal Language
Context I have no special background in music education technology, but I have in recent years written on post-secondary music education, community music, lifelong learning, and the continuum of home, school, community and post-secondary music learning....
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Leaders of the Pack: Responsibilities and Experiences of Collegiate Drum Majors
Method Participants and Researcher Role The participants in this study were three drum majors from a major university marching band: Anthony, Sonya, and Nicole. At the time of the study, Anthony, a piccolo player, was 22 years old and a fourth-year...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, September

A Comparison of Mexican Children's Music Compositions and Contextual Songs
This research explores children's original music composition through the lens of cultural context. Since the development in the United States of the National Standards for Music Education in 1994, there has been much interest in student music composition....
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Debating Assessment in Music Education
Music education organizations achieved a huge success in Texas several years ago when legislation declared music as a part of the core curriculum. Similarly, more recent national education legislation like No Child Left Behind has recognized music...
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Forms of Graduate Music Education: A Response to Kenneth Phillips
It is truly an honor to see a response to my article from Professor Kenneth H. Phillips, in his "Graduate Music Education" within Research and Issues in Music Education, 6(1). Professor Phillips is an outstanding scholar and educator who has made...
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Graduate Music Education
This essay on graduate music education is in response to an article by David Hebert on challenges and solutions in online music teacher education that appeared in the online journal, Research and Issues in Music Education, 5(1). I found the article...
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Notes from the Editor
Several Sundays ago, during my alter ego career as a church choir director, I was reminded of the power of multi-generational music making when the seventy voices of the children's, youth and chancel choirs of Diamond Lake Lutheran Church performed...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, September

An Exploration of Personality Traits in Older Adult Amateur Musicians
The "leading edge" of the "baby boomers," the generation born between 1946 and 1964, began turning 60 in 2006. Much has been written in the popular press about how this generation is redefining the concepts of retirement and old age. "Boomers" are...
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Five Challenges and Solutions in Online Music Teacher Education
"Nearly 600 graduate students?" (1) As remarkable as it may sound, that is the projected student population for the online graduate programs in music education at Boston University School of Music by the end of 2007. With the rapid proliferation of...
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Notes from the Editor
In the past year, our editorial board has welcomed the additions of William Bauer of Case Western Reserve University, Colleen Conway of the University of Michigan, Mitchell Robinson of Michigan State University, Michael Hewitt of the University of...
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The Effects of Band Director Leadership Style and Student Leadership Ability on Band Festival Ratings
Abstract This study examined the relationship between band director leadership styles and the strength of student leadership within the bands. This study also examined the differences between leadership styles, student leadership strength, and band...
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The Effects of Technology-Based Conducting Practice on Skill Achievement in Novice Conductors
Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare technology-based practice (Radio Baton and Digital Conducting System) to self-practice (recorded music) on the skill achievement of beginning conductors. Participants (N = 33) were undergraduate...
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What Boys and Girls Learn through Song: A Content Analysis of Gender Traits and Sex Bias in Two Choral Classroom Textbooks
Abstract In an effort to further the understanding of gender traits or sexual bias that high school-aged choral music students might be exposed to in their curricular materials, two choral textbooks Choral Connections Beginning Level 1 Treble Voices...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, September

Factors That Predict Participation in Choral Music for High-School Students
Participation in music and the fine arts can be viewed as having both musical and non-musical benefits for participants at all levels. As music educators we value what we do for students, both musically and non-musically. Some would argue that a comprehensive...
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Notes Form the Editor
Welcome to the fourth issue of Research and Issues in Music Education (RIME), an on-line peer-reviewed journal devoted to thorough research and commentary that advances the practice and pedagogy of music teaching. Our international editorial board,...
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The Occupational Aspirations and Expectations of Music Education Majors in Mexico
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the occupational aspirations and expectations of students majoring in music education in Mexico. Participants (N = 83) included the entire population of music education majors enrolled at the...
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The Paradox of Assessment: Assessment as Paradox
Like many in the field of education, I follow the path of the assessment paradigm with great interest. Through the efforts of "No Child Left Behind" and the many accountability systems put into place in our states and districts, assessment of student...
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The Politics of Implementing Local Cultures in Music Education in Taiwan
The Context of National Development in Culture and Education Taiwan has been a disputed region at least since the seventeenth century, with China, Holland, Spain and France contesting its occupation over several centuries. These various cultures have...
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