Indian Journal of Psychiatry

Articles from Vol. 51, No. 5, January

Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia and Their Management
Byline: Nilamadhab. Kar Purpose: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are an integral part of dementia syndrome. They increase morbidity and burden, affect quality of life and impact cost of care. This review aims to study the...
Closing the Treatment Gap for Dementia in India
Byline: Amit. Dias, Vikram. Patel There is a rich epidemiological evidence base on dementia in India which shows that this neurodegenerative condition is an important public health problem, particularly in the context of the rapid demographic transition...
Dementia Care in Developing Countries: The Road Ahead
Byline: K. Shaji Demographic aging is a global phenomenon with differential impact on world regions. It began early in developed countries and progressed over longer period of time. They had more time to develop services. Regions like Asia, Latin...
Dementia: Merging Frontiers and Emerging Vistas
Byline: T. Sathyanarayana Rao, M. Asha If the head and body are to be well, You need to begin by curing the soul. Plato, Dialogues All emotional illness is basically unfinished business and unexpressed truth. For, truth has the power to...
Depression, Cognitive Impairment and Dementia: Why Should Clinicians Care about the Web of Causation?
Byline: Mary. Ganguli Depression, cognitive impairment and dementia are all common in older adults. The relationship between them is bi-directional and complex. The literature on the subject is growing and fascinating but also riddled with apparent...
Frontiers in the Pathogenesis of Alzheimer's Disease
Byline: Kumar. Sambamurti, K. Jagannatha Rao, Miguel. Pappolla Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive dementia and brain deposits of the amyloid [sz] protein (A[sz] ) as senile plaques and the microtubule-associated protein, Tau,...
Frontotemporal Dementia: An Updated Overview
Byline: E. Mohandas, V. Rajmohan Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a progressive neurodegenerative syndrome occurring between 45 and 65 years. The syndrome is also called frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). However, FTLD refers to a larger...
Harnessing Brain and Cognitive Reserve for the Prevention of Dementia
Byline: Michael. Valenzuela, Perminder. Sachdev The concepts of brain and cognitive reserve capture several elements of common wisdom - that we all differ in the neural resources we are endowed at birth, that experience and especially complex mental...
Memory Clinics in Context
Byline: David. Jolley, Esme. Moniz-Cook The growing number of older people in all parts of the world raises the question of how best to respond to their health needs, including those associated with memory impairment. Specialist Memory Clinics have...
Mild Cognitive Impairment: The Dilemma
Byline: Charles. Pinto, Alka. Subramanyam Memory complaints are ubiquitous in our aging population. Many older adults fear that today's forgetfulness will usher in tomorrow's dementia. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is considered by many as an...
Prevention of Dementia: Role of Vascular Risk Factors and Cerebral Emboli
Byline: Nitin. Purandare Dementia is a major health problem worldwide and the number of people affected is expected to rise considerably, especially in developing countries like India. Vascular risk factors are involved in causation of both vascular...
Reversible Dementias
Byline: Manjari. Tripathi, Deepti. Vibha In recent years, more attention has been given to the early diagnostic evaluation of patients with dementia which is essential to identify patients with cognitive symptoms who may have treatable conditions....
Safety and Efficacy of Antipsychotic Drugs for the Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia
Byline: Chittaranjan. Andrade, Rajiv. Radhakrishnan Background: Antipsychotic drugs are commonly used in the treatment of the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Materials and Methods: We present a qualitative review of the...
Social Networks and Their Role in Preventing Dementia
Byline: Jagan. Pillai, Joe. Verghese Interest in the role of social networks as a protective factor in the development of dementia over the last decade has increased with a number of longitudinal studies being published on the possible association...
The 10/66 Dementia Research Group - 10 Years On
Byline: Martin. Prince Well-designed epidemiological research is relatively lacking in low and middle income countries where two-thirds of the world's estimated 24 million people with dementia live. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group has sought since...
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Cognition and Brain in Aging: A Brief Review
Byline: Rajeev. Kumar, Jeffrey. Looi, Beverley. Raphael Diabetes mellitus is a complex disease with many potential complications. Whilst there have been inconsistent results in regard to an association between cognition and type 2 diabetes, there...
Vascular Cognitive Impairment
Byline: Alladi. Suvarna The term vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) has been proposed to encompass all people with cognitive impairment of cerebrovascular origin. VCI is not a single condition, but has several clinical presentations, etiologies,...

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