Indian Journal of Psychiatry

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 8, February

Assessment of Clinical Co-Morbidities
Byline: Debasish. Basu, Aniruddha. Basu, Abhishek. Ghosh A large proportion of patients with substance use disorders have clinical comorbidities, either medical or psychiatric. An initial assessment is necessary initially for prompt identification...
Assessment Tools for Screening and Clinical Evaluation of Psychosocial Aspects in Addictive Disorders
Byline: Rakesh. Lal, Shalini. Singh This article provides an overview of the tools for psychosocial assessment of substance use disorders. Various psychosocial factors need to be assessed for effective management of individuals and to carry out...
A Transdiagnostic Approach to Interventions in Addictive Disorders- Third Wave Therapies and Other Current Interventions
Byline: Gitanjali. Narayanan, Shaima. Naaz Recent research points to a shift from categorical diagnoses to a dimensional understanding of psychopathology and mental health disorders. In parallel, there has been a rise in newer psychosocial treatment...
Brief Intervention in Substance Use Disorders
Byline: Surendra. Mattoo, Sambhu. Prasad, Abhishek. Ghosh Unhealthy substance use lies on a wide range that extends from occasional mild risky/harmful/hazardous use to severe substance use disorder. Brief intervention (BI) is a technique, used to...
Brief Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Addictive Disorders
Byline: Arun. Gupta, Pratima. Murthy, Shobini. Rao Chronic use of mind altering substances can lead to a wide variety of neuropsychological deficits, affecting the domains of attention, learning, memory, reasoning. Executive functions such as working...
Cognitive Behavioural Interventions in Addictive Disorders
Byline: Paulomi. Sudhir Cognitive behaviour therapy is a structured, time limited, psychological intervention that has is empirically supported across a wide variety of psychological disorders. CBT for addictive behaviours can be traced back to...
Cognitive Rehabilitation in Addictive Disorders
Byline: Jamuna. Rajeswaran, Cathyln. Bennett Substance use disorders are frequently associated with neuropsychological deficits. A comprehensive assessment of attention, memory, executive functions, language and mental speed is often warranted....
Ethics in Psychosocial Interventions
Byline: Sunita. Kurpad It is important for health professionals to have an ethical framework to help take decisions regarding psychosocial interventions in patients with addictive disorders. As patients with addictive disorders are vulnerable to...
Group Interventions
Byline: Sinu. Ezhumalai, D. Muralidhar, R. Dhanasekarapandian, Bala. Nikketha Over the past four decades, psychiatric social workers have been conducting group interventions for persons with substance use disorders at NIMHANS. In this article, the...
Guidelines for Psychosocial Interventions in Addictive Disorders in India: An Introduction and Overview
Byline: Pratima. Murthy While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention...
Increasing Access to Psychosocial Interventions for Alcohol Use Disorders: Home Based Interventions
Byline: Abhijit. Nadkarni Alcohol use disorders (AUD) are a significant and growing public health problem in India. However, health services for AUD remain largely confined to large institutions and a significant proportion of people with AUD do...
Interventions in Individuals with Specific Needs
Byline: Piyali. Mandal, Anju. Dhawan With the growing understanding of substance use problems among special populations like women, gender minority groups, as well as in the geriatric population, there is a drive to develop sensitive interventions...
Marital and Family Therapy
Byline: Hargun. Ahluwalia, Tanya. Anand, L. Suman Substance abuse is a family disease that adversely impacts both the user and the user's family. The family can act as a risk factor for the development of substance abuse among children and adults....
Message from the Chairperson, Speciality Section on Addictive Disorders
Byline: Pratima. Murthy Early in my professional work as a psychiatrist working in addiction, while I was speaking at a programme organised in the community, an individual in his forties asked me, 'Why didn't someone tell me all this about addiction...
Need for Psychosocial Interventions: From Resistance to Therapeutic Alliance
Byline: Rakesh. Chadda, Biswadeep. Chatterjee Addictive disorders have a strong psychosocial component in their etiogenesis, and hence psychosocial approaches form a significant part of management planning with a role in prevention, treatment, relapse...
Planning Research in Psychosocial Interventions
Byline: Atul. Ambekar, Monica. Mongia A number of research designs have been used to study the efficacy of psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders, including open label studies and randomised controlled trials. Only through a rigorously...
Prevention of Substance Use Disorders in the Community and Workplace
Byline: Reshma. Malick Prevention in the community and at the workplace is a vital component in substance use disorder treatment and management. Mobilizing the community, creating awareness that addiction to substances is a disease, that it is treatable...
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy in Addictive Disorders
Byline: Malika. Verma, Ajay. Vijayakrishnan Psychoanalytic psychotherapy can afford a viable treatment option for certain carefully chosen patients whose needs go beyond the immediate control of substance use. Though the evidence base specifically...
Psychosocial Intervention for Sexual Addiction
Byline: Manju. George, Shreemit. Maheshwari, Suhas. Chandran, Suman. Rao, J. Manohar, T. Sathyanarayana Rao Addiction is the term employed not only for excess consumption of substances, but also for problem behaviours like eating disorders, pathological...
Psychosocial Interventions among Children and Adolescents
Byline: Deepak. Jayarajan, Preeti. Jacob Substance use disorders in children and adolescents are a significant cause of concern as they can have long term implications in practically every sphere. The etiological factors that contribute to substance...
Psychosocial Interventions for Sexual Dysfunction in Addictive Disorders
Byline: T. Sathyanarayana Rao, Shreemit. Maheshwari, Manju. George, Suhas. Chandran, Shivanand. Manohar, Suman. Rao Substance abuse and addictive disorders are very common in the community. Patients with addictive disorders frequently experience...
Psychosocial Interventions for Technological Addictions
Byline: Manoj. Sharma, Thamil. Palanichamy Increase in the use of technology has led to an increase in various kinds of technological addictions. A range of psychological and behavioural theories has been proposed to explain technology addictions....
Psychosocial Interventions in Patients with Dual Diagnosis
Byline: B. Subodh, Nidhi. Sharma, Raghav. Shah Management of patients with dual diagnosis (Mental illness and substance use disorders) is a challenge. A lack of improvement in either disorder can lead to a relapse in both. The current consensus...
Psychosocial Therapies in Addictive Disorders
Byline: T. Sathyanarayana Rao Substance use disorders form a significant part of global disease burden. With the increasing trend of use of psychoactive substances, the detrimental effects associated with it also increases. Individuals with substance...
Relapse Prevention
Byline: Jayakrishnan. Menon, Arun. Kandasamy Addiction and related disorders are chronic lapsing and relapsing disorders where the combination of long term pharmacological and psychosocial managements are the mainstay approaches of management. Among...
Use of Digital Technology in Addiction Disorders
Byline: Mrunal. Bandawar, Venkata. Narasimha, Prabhat. Chand The expanding use of digital technology in mental health has widened the scope of emerging addiction interventions. This review focus on the use of technological advances in the field...
Video-Enabled Cue Based Intervention for Relapse Prevention
Byline: Prasanthi. Nattala, Pratima. Murthy, K. Meena A major goal of long-term management of substance use disorders is to empower recovering individuals in resisting drug use when confronted with real-world high-risk situations (cues). Since opportunities...
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