International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 36, No. 1, March

Adolescent Sexual Behavior and Reproductive Outcomes in Central America: Trends over the Past Two Decades
CONTEXT: Compared with the Latin American average, adolescent fertility is high in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, countries that also have high poverty levels and poor access to reproductive health care. METHODS: For each country,...
Caring for Women with Abortion Complications in Ethiopia: National Estimates and Future Implications
CONTEXT: Ethiopia liberalized its abortion law in 2005, primarily to reduce the incidence of unsafe abortion. However, little is known about the current extent and consequences of unsafe abortion. METHODS: Data were collected in 2007-2008 on 1,932...
HPV Vaccine Protects Women Even Longer
A vaccine against the two types of human papillomavirus (HPV) most closely linked to cervical cancer effectively protects young women for more than six years against infection and the development of precancerous cervical lesions, according to an extended...
Indonesian Couples' Pregnancy Ambivalence and Contraceptive Use
CONTEXT: Most studies on pregnancy ambivalence are based on data from women and depend on the women's perceptions To measure their partner's pregnancy intentions. Because these perceptions may not be accurate, data collected directly from men are needed...
In Malawi, the Desire to Have a Child Falls after a Positive HIV Test
Alter learning that they had tested positive for HIV, Malawian men and women reported a substantially reduced desire to have a child in the future, according to a longitudinal study. (1) The proportion of respondents who said they wanted another child...
Intimate Partner Violence against Mothers Associated with Child Death in India
Mortality is elevated among infants and young children of mothers who have experienced intimate partner violence, according to a study conducted in India. (1) Mothers' experiences of physical intimate partner violence were associated with an increased...
Intravaginal Washes with Chlorhexidine May Not Reduce Neonatal Sepsis in Low-Resource Settings
The use of chlorhexidine wipes during labor does not prevent early-onset neonatal sepsis or vertical transmission of group B streptococcus, according to a randomized, controlled trial conducted in South Africa. (1) No differences in the rates of neonatal...
Option of Covert Use Is an "Important" Advantage of the Diaphragm in Africa
One in 11 women who used a diaphragm as part of an HIV prevention trial conducted in South Africa and Zimbabwe never told their partner that they were using the method, and 41% said that covert use was a "very important" advantage of the diaphragm....
Postabortion Family Planning: Addressing the Cycle of Repeat Unintended Pregnancy and Abortion
Some 35 million abortions occur in developing countries each year. Approximately 20 million of these are unsafe abortions, which claim the lives of 67,000 women as a result of related complications. These deaths represent 13% of all pregnancy-related...
Prevalence of Female Genital Cutting Declines in Senegalese Villages Following Educational Program
Knowledge of female genital cutting and its adverse consequences increased, and adherence to the practice declined, after implementation of an educational program aimed at empowering women and promoting health in southern Senegal. (1) In intervention...
The Estimated Incidence of Induced Abortion in Ethiopia, 2008
CONTEXT: Unsafe abortion is an important health problem in Ethiopia; however, no national quantitative study of abortion incidence exists. In 2005, the penal code was revised to broaden the indications under which induced abortion is legal. It is important...
The World Health Organization Estimates That Every Year
The World Health Organization estimates that every year, nearly 5.5 million African women have an unsafe abortion; 1.7 million of these women are hospitalized for treatment of abortion complications, and many more seek care from traditional healers...
Ugandan Trial Suggests Home-Based HIV Care Is Effective and Reduces Costs
For Ugandans whose: access to HIV care is compromised by poverty or lack of transportation, receiving HIV treatment at home may be a viable alternative to visiting a facility for services. (1) In a four-year trial conducted in southeastern Uganda,...
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