International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 37, No. 4, December

Can Family Planning Programs Reduce High Desired Family Size in Sub-Saharan Africa?
During the past half century, fertility declines have been pervasive in Asia and Latin America. Between the early 1950s and the early 2000s, the total fertility rate (TFR)--the average number of live births a woman would have during her lifetime, assuming...
Clients' Perceptions of the Quality of Care in Mexico City's Public-Sector Legal Abortion Program
CONTEXT: In 2007, first-trimester abortion was legalized in Mexico City. Limited research has been conducted to understand clients' perceptions of the abortion services available in public-sector facilities. METHODS: Perceptions of quality of care...
Condom Use before Marriage and Its Correlates: Evidence from India
CONTEXT: Little evidence is available from India concerning young people's use of condoms in premarital relationships. METHODS: Data from a subnationally representative study of Indian youth conducted in 2006-2008 were used to assess condom use...
Do Men and Women Report Their Sexual Partnerships Differently? Evidence from Kisumu, Kenya
CONTEXT: It is generally believed that men and women misreport their sexual behaviors, which undermines the ability of researchers, program designers and health care providers to assess whether these behaviors compromise individuals'sexual and reproductive...
Elective Labor Induction Linked to Elevated Risk of Adverse Outcomes
Latin American women with low-risk pregnancies who undergo elective labor induction are at increased risk for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes, compared with those who experience spontaneous labor, according to an eight-country study. (1) Women...
Few Developing Countries Are Expected to Meet Goals for Reducing Maternal and Child Mortality
Although rates and numbers of maternal and child deaths have decreased substantially during the past two decades, few countries are on track to achieve the declines specified in the Millennium Development Goals, a recent analysis indicates. (1) Between...
Guidelines for Authors
International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health is a peer-reviewed research journal serving researchers, policymakers, program administrators and service providers in developing countries. The journal invites submissions based on qualitative...
In Ethiopia, Community-Based Reproductive Health Agents Effectively Provide Injectable to Rural Women
Rural Ethiopian women who had received injections of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) From community-based reproductive health agents were less likely than those who had received the shots at health posts to discontinue the method after three...
Injectable Use Associated with Increased Risk of HIV Transmission
Use of hormonal contraceptives, especially the injectable, is associated with an increase in a woman's risk of acquiring HIV or of passing it on to her male partner, new research suggests. (1) In a prospective study of HIV-serodiscordant couples in...
In This Issue
Small proportions of Indian youth report having had premarital sex, but among those who do, few say they used condoms. According to a study conducted by K.G. Santhya and colleagues among 2,408 married or unmarried youth aged 15-24 who had had premarital...
Partner Abuse Uncommon among HIV-Serodiscordant Couples in Africa
Only a minority of HIV-serodiscordant heterosexual couples who have ongoing access to couples' HIV counseling experience intimate partner abuse, according to a multinational study from Africa. (1) Although most couples did not experience verbal or...
Personal, National Income Positively Linked to Rates of Voluntary HIV Testing
Wealthier individuals are more likely than poorer ones to be tested for HIV, especially in less affluent countries, according to an analysis of data from a global survey. (1) Within countries, the odds that a person in the wealthiest income quintile...
What Happens to Contraceptive Use after Injectables Are Introduced? an Analysis of 13 Countries
CONTEXT: Although the introduction of a new method is generally hailed as a boon to contraceptive prevalence, uptake of new methods can reduce the use of existing methods. It is important to examine changing patterns of contraceptive use and method...
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