International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 37, No. 2, June

Contraceptive Discontinuation and Unintended Pregnancy: An Imperfect Relationship
CONTEXT: Contraceptive discontinuation is a common event that may be associated with low motivation to avoid pregnancy. If this is the case, a substantial proportion of pregnancies that follow discontinuation will be reported as intended. METHODS:...
Counseling on STI Referral Is Linked to Increase in Partner Testing Rate
Providing STI clinic attendees with a single brief counseling session on the importance of referring their partners increases by about 30% the likelihood that their partners will come to the clinic for STI testing.' In a quasi-randomized trial conducted...
Emergency Contraceptive Pills: Knowledge and Attitudes of Pharmacy Personnel in Managua, Nicaragua
CONTEXT: As abortion is illegal in Nicaragua, postcoital contraception is an important option for preventing pregnancy. Emergency contraceptive pills are available in Nicaraguan pharmacies over the counter, but pharmacy personnel's knowledge and attitudes...
How Often and under Which Circumstances Do Mexican Pharmacy Vendors Recommend Misoprostol to Induce an Abortion?
CONTEXT: Misoprostol was used by women across Mexico to induce abortion even before 2007, when first-trimester abortion was legalized in Mexico City. Pharmacy vendors' misoprostol recommendation practices across subregions of Mexico after abortion...
In Swaziland, Closeness to Mother and Being in School Linked to Lower Risk of Sexual Violence before Age 18
In Swaziland, young women have an elevated likelihood of having experienced sexual violence before age 18 if they lack a strong relationship with their mother or are not currently attending school, according to a national household survey.' Such young...
Legal Abortion Worldwide in 2008: Levels and Recent Trends
CONTEXT: Periodic assessments of abortion incidence are essential for monitoring trends in unintended pregnancy and gaps in contraceptive services and use. METHODS: Statistics and estimates of legal induced abortions in 2008 were compiled for 64...
Longer Anti-HIV Therapy Is Worth the Cost
Implementation of a new antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) would be cost-effective, according to an analysis based on a target population...
More Than Four in 10 Honduran Women Discontinue Their Contraceptive Method within the First Year of Use
Both new adopters and continuing users of reversible family planning methods are at high risk for method discontinuation, according to a cohort study conducted in Honduras.' During the 12-month study-one of the few to simultaneously examine a comprehensive...
Niger: Too Little, Too Late
"How Niger is going to feed a population growing from 11 million today to 50 million in 2050 in a semi-arid country that may be facing adverse climate change is unclear." -Lord Adair Turner Niger-with the world's fastest growing population, its...
Parent-Child Discussions about Sexuality Are Uncommon in Vietnam
Although three-quarters of parents of Vietnamese youth say they sometimes or often talk with their child about romantic relationships, they rarely initiate discussions about sex.1 In an analysis of baseline data from a reproductive health intervention...
Positive Relationships with Husband and In-Laws Linked to Women's Use of Maternal Health Services
Married women who have good relationships with their husband and in-laws are more likely than those with poorer relationships to obtain maternal health care, according to a study conducted in India.1 Among women who lived in nuclear families, those...
South African Women's Childbearing Plans Are Unrelated to ART Use
Regardless of whether they are using antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV-positive women in South Africa are less likely than their counterparts without HIV to intend to have children in the future.1 In a study of HIV clinic clients, approximately one-third...
Women's Decision Making Pre-And Post-Marriage
Women in Pakistan who have some involvement in the selection of their husbands prior to marriage are more likely than others to be involved in family planning decisions within their marriage. (1) Of a sample of 1,803 married Pakistani women aged 15-24...
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