International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 3, September

Characteristics Linked to Sexual Debut Vary across Sub-Saharan Africa
The associations between urban youths' social and demographic characteristics and the timing and context of their sexual debut-such as whether it occurs before marriage and without contraception-often differ across cities and countries in Sub-Saharan...
Contraception and Abortion in a Low-Fertility Setting: The Role of Seasonal Migration
CONTEXT: Seasonal labor migration is common among men in many former Soviet republics. Little research has examined contraceptive use and induced abortion among women in such low-fertility, high-migration settings, according to husband's migration...
Effectiveness of a Behavior Change Communication Intervention to Improve Knowledge and Perceptions about Abortion in Bihar and Jharkhand, India
CONTEXT: Although abortion became legal in India in 1971, many women are unaware of the law. Behavior change communication interventions may be an effective way to promote awareness of the law and change knowledge of and perceptions about abortion,...
Home-Based Services May Increase HIV Testing in Rural South Africa
Rural South Africans who lived in areas where counselors offered home-based HIV testing as part of an intervention were more likely to take an HIV test than were those who could obtain services only at clinics (prevalence ratio, 1.5), according to...
In This Issue
A study of the costs of postabortion care and legal abortion in Colombia by Elena Prada and colleagues reports that the country's health system could greatly reduce its expenditures on these services without sacrificing quality of care by performing...
Intimate Partner Violence Linked to HIV Infection among Ugandan Women
Intimate partner violence is associated with subsequent HIV infection among rural women in Uganda, according to a longitudinal study. (1) At their final assessment, 28% of participants reported having been sexually, physically or verbally abused by...
Literature Review Identifies Under-Researched Topics in Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health
Over the last two decades, most studies on the correlates of adolescent sexual and reproductive health in developing countries have focused on Sub-Saharan Africa and on respondents' individual-level characteristics, according to a recent literature...
Reducing Unmet Need by Supporting Women with Met Need
CONTEXT: The 2012 London Summit on family planning set a goal of providing modern contraceptives to 120 million women with unmet need by 2020. Reducing the high rate of contraceptive discontinuation by facilitating switching among methods will play...
Risk and Protective Correlates of Young Women's First Sexual Experiences in Rakai, Uganda
CONTEXT: Sexually active young women bear the brunt of the HIV epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. Information is needed on risk and protective correlates at the family, partner and individual level for the design of programs to encourage safer sexual...
The Cost of Postabortion Care and Legal Abortion in Colombia
CONTEXT: Although Colombia partially liberalized its abortion law in 2006, many abortions continue to occur outside the law and result in complications. Assessing the costs to the health care system of safe, legal abortions and of treating complications...
Unmet Need for Contraceptives in Developing World Has Declined, but Remains High in Some Countries
Between 2003 and 2012, the proportion of women aged 15-49 in developing countries who wanted to avoid pregnancy increased from 54% to 57%, according to an analysis of data on contraceptive need and use throughout the developing world. (1) The number...
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