International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 1, March

Cash Transfers Associated with Reduced HIV Risk among South African Girls
Household enrollment in government child welfare programs may be associated with reductions in young women's engagement in sexual behaviors that could put them at risk for HIV, according to a longitudinal study conducted in two South African provinces...
Differences in Unintended Pregnancy, Contraceptive Use and Abortion by HIV Status among Women in Nigeria and Zambia
With only 22% of married women currently using modern contraceptive methods, Sub-Saharan Africa has the lowest contraceptive prevalence (1) and the highest level of unmet need for contraception of all world regions. (2) This low contraceptive use has...
Higher Levels of Risky Sexual Behavior Reported in Polling Booth Surveys Than in Face-to-Face Interviews
Survey respondents report higher levels of risky sexual behavior when they answer questions anonymously in private polling booths using marked tokens than when they take part in face-to-face interviews, according to a study conducted in Cotonou, Benin...
Injectable Contraceptive Sales at Licensed Chemical Seller Shops in Ghana: Access and Reported Use in Rural and Periurban Communities
Ghana has made great progress in meeting most Millennium Development Goals;(1) however, the country's reproductive health indicators continue to lag. Among married women, use of modern contraceptives is low (23%) and unmet need for family planning...
In Vietnam, Telephone Follow-Up for Medication Abortion Is Feasible
Telephone follow-up using a semiquantitative pregnancy test is a feasible, safe and acceptable alternative to clinic follow-up after early medication abortion, suggests a randomized controlled trial conducted in Vietnam. (1) Eighty-five percent of...
Is Age Difference between Partners Associated with Contraceptive Use among Married Couples in Nigeria?
An age difference between sexual partners is a social norm in most societies; typically, the man is older than the woman. The acceptability of unions in which the husband is considerably older than his wife is more variable, although relatively large...
Many Bangladeshi Pharmacies Do Not Provide Accurate Information on How to Use Misoprostol
Pharmacy workers in urban Bangladesh commonly provide medicines and dosing regimens for menstrual regulation that are not effective, according to a cross-sectional survey that used trained individuals posing as clients. (1) When these mystery clients...
Prophylactic Treatment for HIV Does Not Lead to Risky Sexual Behavior
Receipt of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is not associated with an increase in sexual risk behaviors, suggests an international randomized trial among men who have sex with men or who identify as transgender or female.(1) Participants had reductions...
Relationship Characteristics and Contraceptive Use among Couples in Urban Kenya
In 1994, participants at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) were encouraged to think of new ways to improve family planning in the developing world. The ICPD's Program of Action emphasized that the active participation...
Thailand Unprepared to Offer Newborn Circumcision for HIV Prevention
Male circumcision is a relatively safe procedure associated with a host of health benefits, including reductions in the risk of some STIs, genital ulcer disease, urinary tract infections and female-to-male HIV infection. Promotion of newborn circumcision...
Training Clinical Officers in Tubal Ligation May Help Meet Rural Ugandan Women's Need for Sterilization
in a prospective study designed to examine whether mid-level providers can safely perform tubal ligation in rural Uganda, where physicians are in short supply, almost all women whose procedure was performed by a clinical officer had a successful outcome...
Unmet Need, Intention to Use Contraceptives and Unwanted Pregnancy in Rural Bangladesh
The measure of unmet need for contraception represents a core concept in the field of family planning and is one of the most important indicators for family planning policy, programs and research. A general concept of unmet need has existed almost...
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