International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 40, No. 2, June

Evaluation of a Communication Campaign to Improve Continuation among First-Time Injectable Contraceptive Users in Nyando District, Kenya
Consistent and correct contraceptive use is necessary for women who want to limit their family size. Unfortunately, many women who wish to space or stop childbearing discontinue contraceptive use. Variables consistently associated with contraceptive...
HIV Stigma Is Related to Testing among Women but Not among Men
Young adult black men and women in South Africa differ with regard to the association between HIV-related stigma and testing behavior, a cohort study finds. (1) Women who held HIV-related stigmatizing attitudes (reflecting negative moral judgment of...
Individual- and Community-Level Influences on the Timing of Sexual Debut among Youth in Nyanza, Kenya
Although the global prevalence of HIV and AIDS has declined substantially, Sub-Saharan Africa continues to have the largest share of the global HIV burden. (1) In Kenya, the prevalence of HIV has stabilized in recent years at 6%. (2,3) It is important...
In Kenya and Nigeria, the Common Stereotype of Emergency Contraceptive Users Does Not Apply
In urban Kenya and Nigeria, women who have used emergency contraceptives in the past year are more likely than those who have never used the method to be in their 20s, unmarried and educated, according to a recent study. (1) Although recent users of...
Knowledge and Use of Emergency Contraception a Multicountry Analysis
Emergency contraception has been called "the best-kept secret" in reproductive health because, despite its unique potential for helping women prevent pregnancies and fulfill their reproductive intentions, rates of use and of counseling about the method...
Maternal Mortality Is Declining, but Not Enough to Meet Millennium Development Goal 5
Although the global rate of decline in maternal mortality has accelerated since 2003, few countries are on track to reduce their maternal mortality ratio to the degree specified in the Millennium Development Goals, according to an analysis from the...
Repeat Abortions Are Common in Vietnam, May Be Linked to Son Preference
Although sex-selective abortion is illegal in Vietnam, the likelihood that an abortion is not a woman's first may nonetheless be linked to the gender of her children, according to a recent study conducted in three Vietnamese regions. (1) In this setting--a...
South African Intervention Improves Likelihood of Consistent Condom Use
An intervention aimed at reducing the risk of HIV and other STIs increased the likelihood of condom use among South African men, according to a neighborhood-randomized trial conducted between 2007 and 2010.1 Compared with peers who received a general...
Traditional Birthspacing Practices and Uptake of Family Planning during the Postpartum Period in Ouagadougou: Qualitative Results
Research has shown that pregnancies occurring within a year of the mother's preceding birth are riskier for the health of both mother and child than those occurring later, (1) and that children born within one year of a preceding birth have a higher...
Using Mapping of Service Delivery Sites to Increase Contraceptive Availability in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) represents one of the greatest demographic challenges of our time. With a natural increase of 2.8% a year, the Sub-Saharan African country's population of more than 69 million inhabitants will double by 2037....
Women Who Have Four Antenatal Visits Rarely Receive All Recommended Services
Although the majority of pregnant women in many developing countries receive at least four antenatal care visits, they do not receive all of the services that they should, according to an analysis of Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. (1) For...
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