International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

Founded in 1975, International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, formerly International Family Planning Perspectives, is a peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by Guttmacher Institute. Articles include information about sexual and reproductive health in Africa, Latin America, the Caribbean and Asia.

Articles from Vol. 42, No. 4, December

Abortion Incidence and Unintended Pregnancy in Nepal
CONTEXT: Although abortion has been legal under broad criteria in Nepal since 2002, a significant proportion of women continue to obtain illegal, unsafe abortions, and no national estimates exist of the incidence of safe and unsafe abortions. METHODS:...
Australian Study Casts Doubt on Effectiveness of Infant Simulators in Preventing Teenage Pregnancy
Programs that aim to reduce teen pregnancy by training and requiring youth to care for lifelike infant dolls may not be effective, according to a school-based, cluster randomized controlled trial among young women in Australia. (1) Greater proportions...
Counseling during Maternal and Infant Health Visits and Postpartum Contraceptive Use in Uttar Pradesh, India
CONTEXT: Women have a high unmet need for contraception in the year following a birth. It is important to examine whether providing family planning counseling as part of antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum maternal and infant health services is associated...
Donor Funding for Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Nears Us$14 Billion Annually
Donor development aid for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health worldwide more than tripled between 2003 and 2013, although it is unknown whether this marked increase translated into better outcomes, according to an analysis from the Countdown...
HIV Care Providers' Communication with Patients about Safer Conception for People Living with HIV in Tanzania
CONTEXT: People living with HIV may desire children, but often lack information about safer conception and pregnancy and face barriers to obtaining high-quality reproductive health services. To inform clinical guidance that supports HIV-affected couples...
Improper Use of Conscientious Objection to Abortion
The study "The Fetus Is My Patient, Too: Attitudes Toward Abortion and Referral Among Physician Conscientious Objectors in Bogota, Colombia" [2016, 42(2):71-80, doi: 10.1363/42e1016], by Lauren Fink et al. of Emory University, states that health care...
In Tanzania, Educating Religious Leaders Increases Uptake of Male Circumcision
Educating religious leaders about male circumcision may improve uptake of the procedure in Sub-Saharan African countries. (1) In a cluster randomized trial conducted in rural Tanzania, men had an elevated likelihood of undergoing circumcision during...
In This Issue
Birth intervals of at least two years are beneficial for the health and well-being of women and their children. However, little is known about the best time to provide pregnant or postpartum women with family planning counseling and methods to help...
Intimate Partner Violence Reported by Disadvantaged Male Youth Varies across Countries
Substantial minorities of adolescent males living in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods report having perpetrated intimate partner violence (IPV) in the past year, according to a multinational comparison study of 15-19-year-olds in Baltimore, USA Johannesburg,...
Male Involvement and Accommodation during Obstetric Emergencies in Rural Ghana: A Qualitative Analysis
CONTEXT: Although men potentially play an important role in emergency obstetric care in Sub-Saharan Africa, few studies have examined the ways in which men are involved in such emergencies, the consequences of their involvement or the degree to which...
Premarital Births and Union Formation in Rural South Africa
CONTEXT: In rural South Africa, women often delay union formation until they are in their late 20s, though premarital first births are common. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Agincourt Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance System in rural...
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