Issues in Informing Science & Information Technology

Articles from Vol. 2, Annual

A Beginning Specification of a Model for Evaluating Learning Outcomes Grounded in Java Programming Courses
Introduction Learning outcomes assessing has become an increasingly important issue at universities and colleges (Chrysler & Van Auken, 1999; Mitri, 2003; Salegna & Bantham, 2002; Taylor, 2002). Outcomes assessment efforts appear to be framed...
Accommodating Soft Skills in Software Project Management
Introduction Information Technology (IT) project management (software project management) is a sector that has arguably witnessed the highest rate of project failure in the world. Dorsey (2000) pointed out that large information systems projects...
A Doctorate Degree Program in Information Systems of a Kind
Introduction Attrition rates among doctoral students have been a problem for a long time. Numerous studies have been conducted to address the issue of retention among doctoral students, and as a result, the literature lists various suggestions that...
An Actor Network Approach to Informing Clients through Portals
Introduction The problem of informing clients is, by its very nature, a socio-technical one. While researchers in computer science may choose to concentrate on a study of aspects of computer hardware and software alone, the business of informing...
Analysis of Information Systems Management (Post)graduate Program: Case Study of Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Introduction To succeed in the global marketplace, companies must reposition themselves to tap the sources of sustainable growth. One of the characteristics of the information era transition period is that, in comparison to the traditional raw materials...
An Assessment of Software Project Management Maturity in Mauritius
Introduction IT professionals generally have a grasp of the success rate of software projects as compared to other types of projects. The CHAOS report is published regularly to show the percentage of, among others, successfully completed software...
And What of Intellectual Landscapes in the Future?
Introduction Project your mind to a paradigm in the year 2500. One where there is a universal corpus, in digital form, of all recorded knowledge. One where there is universal availability of such a corpus, though not universal access. Try to imagine...
An Overview: Approaches for the Development of Basic IT Skills
Introduction The significant improvements in IT continue to occur at an ever-increasing pace. The speed, size, cost, and capabilities associated with computers and telecommunications provide a wealth of highly attractive opportunities for using...
A Perspective on Achieving Information Security Awareness
Overview In 2002 the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) released the document "OECD Guidelines for the Security of Information Systems and Networks: Towards a Culture of Security" (OECD, 2002). This initiative calls for...
A Profile of Digital Information Literacy Competencies of High School Students
Introduction Information Seeking styles have changed over the past few years with the evolution of the Internet and on-line resources. This has resulted in the evolution of new learning methods and information literacy strategies. This paper has...
Automatically Generating Questions in Multiple Variables for Intelligent Tutoring
Introduction Research on intelligent tutoring has produced many interesting results, for example Frasson, Gauthier, and Lesgold (1996), Larkin, Chabay, and Sheftic (1990), and Wenger (1987). Web-based online courses are also being developed at many...
CAB-Collaboration across Borders: Peer Evaluation for Collaborative Learning
Introduction Although new technologies have the potential to change the ways in which students interact with their tutors and each other, the adoption of new technologies in higher education has been limited. For some academics transferring their...
Common Approaches to Patenting New E-Commerce Business Models (a Case Study)
Introduction The development of electronic commerce utilizing numerous publicly available databases has greatly expanded the number of products and services that can be accessed effectively via the Internet. These products and services range from...
Computer Network Simulation and Network Security Auditing in a Spatial Context of an Organization
Introduction Very often, used biological metaphors are used to describe compound organizational issues due to difficulties in explaining these issues. Business organizations can be compared to biological systems that function within an ever-changing...
Concept Mapping as a Tool for Curriculum Design
Introduction The authors of this paper are applying concept mapping as a tool for understanding, collaborating, validating, and integrating curriculum content that is designed to develop specific competencies in a graduate-level academic program....
Creating a Networking Lab for Business Students
Introduction Responding to a recent query regarding the value of teaching networking in the college of business, I posed this simple (Socratic) answer: If you were a manager at a major corporation and needed to upgrade your networking capacity,...
Customizing Instruction
Introduction Improving Learning Environments (LE) for students at tertiary level so that they individualize the learning experience, has been a goal of a number of researchers (Eklund & Brusilovsky, 1998; Kurzel, Slay, & Hagenus, 2003; Martinez,...
Defining the IT Curriculum: The Results of the Past 3 Years
Introduction In the first week of December of 2001 representatives from 15 undergraduate information technology (IT) programs from colleges/universities across the country gathered together near Provo, Utah, to develop a community and begin to establish...
Degraded Grades-Do Graduate Grades Provide a Useful Guide to Potential ICT Employers?
Introduction This paper serves as an introduction to a wide-ranging and ongoing research project. As such, it aims to identify a major flaw in the current grading practices of academic institutions and questions whether the identified diverging...
Design, Development and Deployment Considerations When Applying Native XML Database Technology to the Programme Management Function of an SME
Background of the Problem Readers who have worked for multiple software development organisations are likely to have observed that few use exactly the same mechanism for communicating or controlling information flows between their constituent parts;...
Discipline Formation in Information Management: Case Study of Scientific and Technological Information Services
Introduction Discipline formation is a study of interest to academics who seek to define the boundaries of their fields of endeavor. This is so that effective contextualization can take place for study of a field by means of models for representing...
Establishing the IT Student's Perspective to E-Learning: Preliminary Findings from a Queensland University of Technology Case Study
Introduction E-learning has become an integral part of the teaching and learning process in higher education. The Australian Universities Teaching Committee (2002) suggested that despite its short history, "e-learning is experiencing a rapid penetration...
Ethical IT Behaviour as a Function of Environment
Background At the 2003 Informing Science conference in Pori, Finland, a South African and an Australian researcher first met and started a conversation about a topic that they are mutually interested in, namely ethical behaviour in the world of...
Evaluating Critical Reflection for Postgraduate Students in Computing
Introduction The challenge addressed in this paper is the assumption that postgraduate students acquire critical reflection skills automatically during their postgraduate studies. In order to address this challenge the final test undertaken by all...
Exploring the Key Informational, Ethical and Legal Concerns to the Development of Population Genomic Databases for Pharmacogenomic Research
Introduction As time passes man becomes more sophisticated at unraveling the mysteries and miracles of life. The completion of a high quality comprehensive sequence of the human genome has lead to the discovery of genetic links to complex diseases...
Formative Assessment Visual Feedback in Computer Graded Essays
Background The motivation for developing computer supported techniques to assess or grade free text assignments or essays is rather obvious--increased speed, efficiency and consistency, and thus reduced costs and an amelioration of the onerous nature...
Information Transfer in Supply Chain Management
Introduction In the modern world the main focus of competition is not only between different companies but also between supply chains. As the satisfaction of the final customer is of utmost importance for the successfulness of the whole chain, effective...
Integrating Sun Certification Objectives into an IS Programming Course
Introduction The field of Information Systems (IS) is becoming increasingly competitive which is putting pressure on academic institutions to produce graduates that are productive as soon as they join the workforce. Currently, a number of employers...
IsExpertNet: Facilitating Knowledge Sharing in the Information Systems Academic Community
Introduction Most knowledge management (KM) research has been intra-organizational: examining an organization's ability to capture, codify, store, distribute, and utilize internal knowledge (e.g., Allee, 1997; Bennet & Bennet, 2003; Davenport...
Matching: Discrimination, Misinformation and Sudden Death
Introduction Sameness is a sometime thing. Libraries and other information-intensive organizations have long faced the problem of large collections of records growing incrementally. With the computerized records in a networked environment has come...
Measurement Data Logging Via Bluetooth
Introduction Bluetooth is a low cost, low power and short range radio technology based on open standards. It supports both voice and data services, i.e. a combination of circuit and packet switching is used. Bluetooth is likely to be one of the...
Modeling and Performance Analysis of Dynamic Random Early Detection (DRED) Gateway for Congestion Avoidance
Introduction Computer networks have experienced an explosive growth over the past few years and with that growth have come severe congestion problems. For example, it is now common to see Internet gateways to drop 10% of the incoming packets because...
Modeling Human Activity Systems for Collaborative Project Work: An IS Development Perspective
Introduction In the emerging knowledge economy (OECD, 1996), as the possibilities of the information revolution challenge our ongoing efforts in information systems (IS) design, as witnessed by the continuous shift of IS support from a principle...
New Pathways to Learning: The Team Teaching Approach. A Library and Information Science Case Study
Introduction Universities in Australia, and throughout the world, have begun to explore team teaching as a means of promoting student learning outcomes. Whilst in recent years some examples of university level teaching have emerged in the literature...
Online Handwritten Character Recognition Using an Optical Backpropagation Neural Network
Introduction Pattern recognition applications, especially handwritten character recognition, is one of the most widely used applications of Backpropagation Neural Networks (BPNN). However, the problems of slow training process, choosing suitable...
Online Securities Trading in China
Introduction Information technology is a linchpin to the operation of securities markets around the world. Fully computerized trading facilities are growing in importance in these markets, and automation of trading processes through information...
Performance Analysis of Double Buffer Technique (DBT) Model for Mobility Support in Wireless IP Networks
Introduction Future internetworks will include networks of small wireless cells populated by large numbers of portable devices. Laptop computers and cellular telephones have proven their utility, while continuing advances in miniaturization promise...
Prior Experience and New IT Students
Introduction Like most computing departments, the Information Technology (IT) Department of the B. Thomas Golisano College of Computing and Information Sciences (GCCIS) at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) offers introductory courses in four...
Progressive Programming Assignments
Introduction One constructivist view of learning is that learners construct new knowledge based on their prior knowledge (Carbone, Hurst, Mitchell, & Gunstone, 2001; Hadjerrouit, 1999). This view was basic idea behind the development of programming...
Redesign of Stand-Alone Applications into Thin-Client/server Architecture
Introduction Since the early eighties, at the time that personal computers where introduced in a computer industry that was dominated by mainframe computers, the technology of client/server computing started to emerge for sharing data and applications...
Resistance to Electronic Medical Records (EMRs): A Barrier to Improved Quality of Care
Introduction Most industries have aggressively embraced the use of information technology (IT); however, healthcare is one noticeable exception. According to Morrissey (2005, p. 42), U.S. hospitals and multiple-facility health systems are "only...
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and IT Education
Introduction Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) in 2002 as a response to the public outcry over the financial scandals of many large corporations (Haskin, 2004). Top level management, chief executive officers (CEO's) and chief financial...
Software Quality Management Supported by Software Agent Technology
Introduction Information Systems (IS) play a major role in today's daily business activities, ranging from small business operations to enterprise-wide operations throughout the worldwide business community. With the advent of the Internet and related...
Suggested Topics for an IS Introductory Course in Java
Introduction As part of the curricular revision process, colleges and universities utilize a variety of criteria to help decide which programming language will be used in the first level (introductory) programming course. The selection of a programming...
System Analysis Education Using Simulated Case Studies
Introduction Weisman and Anthony (1999) concluded that there are four ways that knowledge is transferred: involvement (participation in learned organization such as trade societies), association (formal or informal interactions with others), experience...
Talking Past Each Other-Student and Staff Reflection in Undergraduate Software Projects
Introduction The importance of a substantial Software Engineering project executed by groups of undergraduate Computer Science students is widely recognized (Daniels, Faulkner & Newman, 2002; Fink, 2000; Flener, 2003; Liu & Stroulia, 2003)...
Teaching System Access Control
Introduction An information system has a number of components which complement and support its main functions, those which update and use its data. We could include security features, good and fast backup procedures, items which make the system...
The Digital Divide and K-12 Student Computer Use
Introduction Computer use and the digital divide has been a controversial topic in the United States of America in recent years. The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), based on surveys conducted in the mid and latter...
The Effects of Reading Goals on Learning in a Computer Mediated Environment
Introduction The literature indicates that skilled adult readers rely heavily on reading goals as they apply reading strategies in a purposeful way. They set reading goals, vary reading style depending upon how relevant the text is to those reading...
The Peer Reviews and the Programming Course
Introduction: The Cover Letter To: Associate Editor, Quarterly Journal of MIS Research From: Author 635 Re: Submission 616 Subj: Revised Submission 15 December 2005 Dear Editor: Let me begin by apologizing for the 5 years it has taken me...
The Performance of Web-Based 2-Tier Middleware Systems
Introduction There are many web based dynamic middleware systems for implementing the dynamic programs on the World Wide Web, and new designers have the big task of choosing the most appropriate implementation. The choice made may have an effect...
Time and the Design of Web-Based Learning Environments
Introduction Design can be seen as a form of creation, which involves complexity and synthesis (Goel & Pirolli, 1992; Schon, 1987). In a broad sense, anyone who designs is a designer. This means that unlike analysts or critics, designers put...
Towards an Information System Making Transparent Teaching Processes and Applying Informing Science to Education
Introduction In a recent study the author reported the points of view of psychology and didactics in educational and vocational guidance and the following remarks were pointed out (Cartelli, 2004): a) psychological research achieved good results...
Understanding Information Technology: What Do Graduates from Business-Oriented Is Curricula Need to Know?
Introduction The IS 2002 Model Curriculum and Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Information Systems, a joint effort of the ACM, AIS, and AITP societies, represents the most recent product of an effort to assist universities in developing...
Understanding Intention to Use Multimedia Information Systems for Learning
Introduction Throughout the past decade the developed world saw a boom of the Internet driven by the rapid advancement of computer technologies and the resulting information systems (IS) (Saade & Bahli, 2005). The management of these IS aims...
Use of a Class Exercise to Maximize Student Interest in an Introductory MIS Course
Introduction Students majoring in the College of Business at this University are required to take a course in information systems fundamentals as part of their business core. In a typical course on information systems fundamentals, students are...
Using a Blackboard Architecture in a Web Application
Introduction Software architecture encompasses the set of significant decisions about the organization of a software system: selection of the structural elements and interfaces by which a system is composed, behavior as specified in collaborations...
Using Technology-Mediated Learning Environment to Overcome Social and Cultural Limitations in Higher Education
Introduction The importance of higher education to gain prosperity and to develop human resources has been realized by under-developed countries. Students in higher education require a very flexible environment to communicate and collaborate with...
Web Triad: The Impact of Web Portals on Quality of Institutions of Higher Education-Case Study of Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Introduction Educational institutions are facing intense pressure to increase operational efficiency and effectiveness demonstrated in a measurable increase in student and faculty achievement. Institutions are also forced to adapt to the quickly...
"We Work as a Team Really": Gender Homophily on Australian Cotton Farms
Introduction In an earlier paper (Gartshore, 2004), the author explored the importance of communication and cooperation in information exchange and its influence on the effective reconstruction of farm management practices and technology usage....
What Can You Do to Virtually Teach Hands-On Skills?
Introduction Many of the challenging computer-based training/simulation projects undertaken by the Group for Advanced Information Technology (GAIT) at the Technology Centre of the British Columbia Institute of Technology have taught practical skills....

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