UNESCO Courier

Articles from December

A Living Eternity
IT0014 THE desert, place of all beginnings, should perhaps be our point of departure. If we are to glimpse the secret of those who built for eternity, perhaps we should rediscover the desert as it was before the pyramids were built. I am no historian...
In the Realm of the Senses Divine
RO0028 TRADITIONAL Indian art is primarily religious. Everything in it has a divine meaning and no aspect of life is treated for its own sake. People, trees, flowers, birds and other features of the natural world are all depicted in painting and sculpture,...
Keys to the Spirit World
TS0026 IT may well be, in the final analysis, that art is essentially a means of reconciling the world of forms that surrounds us with our perception of these forms. In this sense, art carries us beyond the kind of cognition that we require for everyday...
Making Words Dance: A Calligrapher's Testimony
DA0038 KUFIC, one of the great traditional styles of Arabic script, is formal, angular and dignified. But when it is traced on vellum in translucent sepia ink, it acquires a mysterious sensuousness, while losing none of its majesty. Over the ages,...
Reading the World
WE0004 PAULO FREIRE. We have often compared our experiences of literacy work. The lessons you have learned from your research in ethnoscience coincide in many respects with what I have called "reading the world". I have always insisted that literacy,...
Starlight
;S0019 THE opening sequence of a remarkable Korean film, "Why has Bodhi Dharma gone East?", shows a red light flashing on and off at regular intervals in the corner of the screen. As it punctuates the moving images in a kind of visual counterpoint,...
The Eye of the Beholder
TB0012 - GOOD morning, may I ask you a question? - Please do. - What exactly are the canons of beauty"? - A canon is a Criterion, a model or an ideal I believe the word comes from the name of a statue by the ancient Greek sculptor Polyclitus,...
The Greek Ideal
RD0030 THE human figure occupies a central place in Greek art and particularly in Greek sculpture. In the earliest works a diversity of beasts and monsters are depicted, but the range soon narrows to a few domestic animals such as dogs and horses-a...
The Magic of Lahore
LA0046 I saw Lahore, star of the Punjab, at night, and took its soul unawares. The birds were roosting in the shadow of the banyan trees. The pellucid notes of a sitar were heard, and suddenly a flute joined in. According to the books, and to hearsay,...
Theology in Colours: The Language of Icons
CT0034 THE conversion of the Slavs in 988 AD brought Byzantine culture as well as Christianity to Russian lands. And Byzantium in its turn had been, through Alexandria, the heir to Graeco-Roman civilization. Thus it can be said that medieval icons-the...
The Origins of Aesthetics
AR0041 IN everyday language aesthetics is roughly equivalent to the philosophy of art or the theory of the beautiful, and people are apt to think that these expressions denote a human preoccupation so basic that in one form or another it must always...
The Sound of Silence
SO0022 "THERE are painted landscapes that can be passed through or contemplated; others in which one can walk around; and yet others where one would like to stay or live. All these landscapes attain a degree of excellence. However, those in which...
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