UNESCO Courier

Articles from September

Colossal Feats of Engineering
ANYONE who has ever gazed at the pyramids, if only once in a lifetime, is bound to have wondered how these extraordinary and massive structures were built, how the huge stones were transported, what technical and mathematical knowledge the ancient...
Daily Life in the Land of the Pharaohs
EVEN the uninitiated traveller along the banks of the Nile, studded as they are with superb vestiges of Pharaonic times, is immediately impressed by the essential features of the luminous civilization of ancient Egypt--a profound religious feeling...
Editorial
Long ago, the scholars and travellers of Antiquity were fascinated by the Egypt of the Pharaohs. Today, almost 200 years after modern archaeological study of ancient Egypt began, that fascination is still as potent as ever. Egyptology is constantly...
Egypt and the Mediterranean World
HISTORIC Egypt emerged as a unified country, with its own system of writing, towards the end of the fourth millennium BC, It rapidly became the seat of a brilliant civilization in which flourished philosophy and literature, architecture and art, science...
Pharaonic Art and the Modern Imagination
THE sense of identity underlying Egypt's nationalist movement was enhanced by the archaeological rediscovery of ancient Egypt, a fact reflected in such works as Cairo's partially pharaonicizing sculpture The Awakening of Egypt by Mahmoud Mokhtar (1891-1934),...
The Egyptian World-Picture
THE huge temples and enormous funerary monuments of ancient Egypt with their profusion of hieroglyphs are a source of amazement to the modern mind, which cannot easily grasp their usefulness or significance. The ancient Greeks, so much closer in time...
The Riddle of the Rosetta Stone; Scholars and Adventurers Who Rediscovered a Forgotten Civilization
Scholars and adventurers who rediscovered a forgotten civilization ON 27 September 1822, the French scholar Jean-Frangois Champollion read out to the members of his country's Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres his celebrated Lettre a...
Time and the River; Life in Ancient Egypt Was Geared to the Annual Nile Flood
WITHOUT the Nile, which flows north from the Ethiopian highlands and Central Africa to the Mediterranean, Egypt with its negligible rainfall would have been almost completely inhospitable. Because of the river, it was the largest and most prosperous...
UNESCO and the Ancient Egyptian Heritage; from the Nubian Campaign to the Library of Alexandria
THE campaign to Save the Monuments of Nubia was the most spectacular demonstration of Unesco's concern for the legacy of ancient Egypt, and its success was the most striking example of international understanding and world solidarity in the field...