UNESCO Courier

Articles from March

An Unscientific Notion
A geneticist explains why the concept of race is not valid for human populations Racism is based on two assertions which are presented as facts. First, that the human species is made up of very distinct groups with different biological characteristics...
A Plea for Tolerance
Article 1 Meaning of tolerance 1.1 Tolerance is respect, acceptance and appreciation of the rich diversity of our world's cultures, our forms of expression and ways of being human. It is fostered by knowledge, openness, communication, and freedom of...
A Sense of Jubilation: Isabelle Leymarie Talks to Teresa Laredo
The internationally known Bolivian pianist and harpsichordist Teresa Laredo studied at the Academia Santa Cecilia in Rome (Italy) and the Mozarteum in Salzburg (Austria), and later taught at the Conservatory in Geneva (Switzerland). She recently carried...
'Beneath the Dark Sun of Racism.': Elias Canetti
The novelist, dramatist and philosopher Elias Canetti (1905-1994), who wrote in German, was born at Ruschuk in Bulgaria. His parents were Sephardim, Jews of Spanish origin. In 1981, when he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, the Swedish Academy...
Henri Atlan: The Frontiers of Science
The French biologist Henri Atlan, professor of biophysics at the University of Paris VI and at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, has won an international reputation for his research on the self-organization of cells and artificial intelligence. Notable...
Race, History and Culture
One of the world's leading anthropologists, Claude Levi-Strauss twice set forth his ideas on racism for UNESCO, first in Race and History (1952) and later in Race and Culture (1971). On the following pages we publish long extracts from these two important...
Racism and Anti-Racism
The strangely ambiguous relationship between two incompatible ideas The term "racism" seems to have been introduced into the English language in 1938 in a translation of a book by the German writer Magnus Hirschfeld which had appeared in German four...
The Affirmative Action Debate
In the U.S.A., government action to combat workplace discrimination against minorities faces growing criticism The civil rights revolution in the United States was primarily a struggle for liberty, not equality. It sought to dismantle the system of...
The Golden Stones of Salamanca
Famed for its university and its cultural life, the Spanish city of Salamanca has an outstanding architectural heritage. Its historic centre was registered on UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1988. Salamanca first appears in history as Helmantike, in...
The Image and the Word
The notion that the book and the printed word are in rapid decline gained its widest currency following the spectacular success of the image and the media of visual communication - the cinema, television, advertising displays, strip cartoons, road signs...
The Rights of Future Generations
The extent to which future generations will be able to enjoy their rights will depend on the moral and intellectual choices made by present generations - on whether we do our duty to our children and our children's children. Time to act For the first...
The Seeds of Hate
Crisis in the modern world is fanning the embers of racism and nationalism In the wake of the Second World War and, later, of decolonization, Western societies had reason to believe that racism in their countries would gradually fade away. After the...
Waste-Free Manufacturing - Feasible Goal or Wild Goose Chase?
According to the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), world economic output is expected to double between now and 2010. In developing countries it is anticipated to nearly triple. It is vital, therefore, to identify manufacturing...
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