Foreign Affairs

Articles from Vol. 91, No. 6, November/December

Afghan Endgame: How to Help Kabul Stand on Its Own
Haste Makes WasteRONALD E. NEUMANNStephen Hadley and John Podesta accurately describe Washington's policy dilemmas and preferred outcomes in Afghanistan ("The Right Way Out of Afghanistan," July/August 2012). They correctly note the deep dysfunction...
After Qaddafi: The Surprising Success of the New Libya
The September 11 killing of the U.S. ambassador to Libya, Christopher Stevens, and three other Americans during an attack by an angry mob on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi has concentrated the world's attention on the problems of post-QaddafiLibya. The...
Are Taxes Too Damn High?: The Debate about the Rate
Cut and GrowGROVER G. NORQUISTAndrea Campbell tips her hand partway through her essay "America the Undertaxed" (September/October 2012) when she writes that "the central debate in U.S. politics is whether to keep taxes, particularly federal taxes, at...
Broken BRICs: Why the Rest Stopped Rising
Over the past several years, the most talked-about trend in the global economy has been the so-called rise of the rest, which saw the economies of many developing countries swiftly converging with those of their more developed peers. The primary engines...
God's Politics: The Lessons of the Hebrew Bible
God's Politics: The Lessons of the Hebrew Bible In God's Shadow: Politics in the Hebrew Bible. by MICHAEL WALZER. Yale University Press, 2012, 256 pp. $28.00.With its commandments and parables, its kings and its prophets, the Hebrew Bible has served...
How to Make Almost Anything: The Digital Fabrication Revolution
A new digital revolution is coming, this time in fabrication. It draws on the same insights that led to the earlier digitizations of communication and computation, but now what is being programmed is the physical world rather than the virtual one. Digital...
It's Hard to Make It in America: How the United States Stopped Being the Land of Opportunity
For all the differences between Democrats and Republicans that were laid bare during the 2012 U.S. presidential campaign, the parties' standard-bearers, Barack Obama and Mitt Romney, do seem to have agreed on one thing: the importance of equal opportunity....
Letters to the Editor
LEADER OF THE PACKTo the Editor:In "Hegemony and After" ( July/ August 2012), a review essay of Robert Kagan's The World America Made and of my recent book, Power and Willpower in the American Future, Robert Keohane does a worthy job of setting out his...
Let Women Fight: Ending the U.S. Military's Female Combat Ban
Today, 214,098 women serve in the U.S. military, representing 14.6 percent of total service members. Around 280,000 women have worn American uniforms in Afghanistan and Iraq, where 144 have died and over 600 have been injured. Hundreds of female soldiers...
Mexico's Age of Agreement: A Mandate for Reform
Mexico has long been hostage to unchallengeable traditions: its nationalist approach to oil wealth, overly sensitive attitude toward sovereignty, entrenched labor monopolies, persistent corruption, and self-serving bureaucracy. Acquired over time, these...
Peace Out: Why Civil Society Cannot Save the World
Peace, They Say. by JAY NORDLINGER. Encounter Books, 2012, 464 pp. $27.99.The Global Right Wing and the Clash of World Politics. by CLIFFORD BOB. Cambridge University Press, 2012, 240 pp. $95.00 (paper, $26.99).Every aspiring beauty-pageant queen knows...
Recent Books on International Relations: Africa: Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know/South Sudan: From Revolution to Independence
Sudan, South Sudan, and Darfur: What Everyone Needs to Know. by ANDREW NATSIOS. Oxford University Press, 2012, 280 pp. $74.00 (paper, $16.95).South Sudan: From Revolution to Independence. by MATTHEW LERICHE and MATTHEW ARNOLD. Hurst, 2012, 320 pp. £19.99.Among...
Recent Books on International Relations: Asia and Pacific: Double Paradox: Rapid Growth and Rising Corruption in China/Capitalism from Below: Markets and Institutional Change in China
Double Paradox: Rapid Growth and Rising Corruption in China. by ANDREW WEDEMAN. Cornell University Press, 2012, 272 pp. $75.00 (paper, $26.95).Capitalism From Below: Markets and Institutional Change in China. by VICTOR NEE and SONJA OPPER. HarvardUniversity...
Recent Books on International Relations: Asia and Pacific: Poverty amid Plenty in the New India/India's Reforms: How They Produced Inclusive Growth
Asia and Pacific ANDREW J. NATHAN Poverty Amid Plenty in the New India. by ATUL KOHLI. Cambridge University Press, 2012, 272 pp. $28.99.India's Reforms: How They Produced Inclusive Growth. edited by JAGDISH BHAGWATI and ARVIND PANAGARIYA. Oxford University...
Recent Books on International Relations: Asia and Pacific: The Sunshine Policy: In Defense of Engagement as a Path to Peace in Korea
The Sunshine Policy: In Defense of Engagement as a Path to Peace in Korea. by CHUNG-IN MOON. Yonsei University Press, 2012, 280 pp. $15.00.Moon, a well-known scholar, served as an adviser to Kim Dae-jung, South Korea's president from 1998 until 2003,...
Recent Books on International Relations: Military, Scientific, and Technological: The Last Full Measure: How Soldiers Die in Battle/Soldaten: On Fighting, Killing, and Dying/Why They Die: Civilian Devastation in Violent Conflict
The Last Full Measure: How Soldiers Die in Battle. by MICHAEL STEPHENSON. Random House, 2012, 480 pp. $28.00.Soldaten: On Fighting, Killing, and Dying. by SONKE NEITZEL and HARALD WELZER. translated by JEFFERSON CHASE. Knopf, 2012, 448 pp. $30.50.Why...
Recent Books on International Relations: Western Europe: The Myth of the Muslim Tide: Do Immigrants Threaten the West?/Fortress Europe: Dispatches from a Gated Continent
The Myth of the Muslim Tide: Do Immigrants Threaten the West? by DOUG SAUNDERS. Vintage, 2012, 208 pp. $15.00.Fortress Europe: Dispatches From a Gated Continent. by MATTHEW CARR. New Press, 2012, 304 pp. $27.95.The topic of Muslim immigration resonates...
Recent Books on International Relations: Western Hemisphere: Tijuana Dreaming: Life and Art at the Global Border/Planet Taco: A Global History of Mexican Food
Tijuana Dreaming: Life and Art at the Global Border. edited by JOSH KUN and FIAMMA MONTEZEMOLO. Duke University Press, 2012, 424 pp. $94.95 (paper, $26.95).Planet Taco: A Global History of Mexican Food. by JEFFERY M. PILCHER. Oxford University Press,...
Revenge of the Kurds: Breaking Away from Baghdad
The mood in Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Dohuk-the three largest cities in Iraqi Kurdistan-is newly buoyant these days, and with good reason. Iraq's Kurds, who occupy the semiautonomous region run by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), have much to...
Small War, Big Consequences: Why 1812 Still Matters
The War of 1812: Conflict for a Continent. by J.C.A.STAGG. Cambridge University Press, 2012, 216 pp. $85.00 (paper, $24.99).The Weight of Vengeance: The United States, the British Empire, and the War of 1812. by TROY BICKHAM. Oxford University Press,...
Strategy in a Time of Austerity: Why the Pentagon Should Focus on Assuring Access
Over the next decade, the U.S. military will need to undertake the most dramatic shift in its strategy since the introduction of nuclear weapons more than 60 years ago. Just as defense budgets are declining, the price of projecting and sustaining military...
The Cuban Missile Crisis Revisited: Why It Matters Who Blinked
Diplomacy, Not Derring-DoJAMES A. NATHANGraham Allison ("The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50," July/August 2012) seems to believe that U.S. President John F. Kennedy's handling of the Cuban missile crisis was an unalloyed success. He also contends that the...
The Future of Special Operations: Beyond Kill and Capture
Over the past decade, the United States' military and the country's national security strategy have come to rely on special operations to an unprecedented degree. As identifying and neutralizing terrorists and insurgents has become one of the Pentagon's...
The Problem with the Pivot: Obama's New Asia Policy Is Unnecessary and Counterproductive
Ever since the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping opened up his country's economy in the late 1970s, China has managed to grow in power, wealth, and military might while still maintaining cooperative and friendly relations with most of the world. Until a few...
The Quality of Command: The Wrong Way and the Right Way to Make Better Generals
The Quality of Command: The Wrong Way and the Right Way to Make Better Generals The Generals: American Military Command From World War II to Today. by THOMAS E. RICKS. Penguin Press, 2012, 576 pp. $32.95.The argument of Thomas Ricks' new book, The Generals,...
What Really Happened in Vietnam: The North, the South, and the American Defeat
What Really Happened in Vietnam: The North, the South, and the American Defeat Hanoi's War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam. by LIEN-HANG T. NGUYEN. University of North Carolina Press, 2012, 464 pp. $34.95.This past Memorial...

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