Foreign Affairs

Articles from Vol. 96, No. 1, January/February

Are We Safe Yet?: How to Manage Financial Crises
The 2008 financial crisis was the most damaging economic event since the Great Depression, for both the United States and much of the global economy. Although the U.S. economy emerged from it more quickly and in better shape than many other economies...
China and the World: Dealing with a Reluctant Power
In 2013, China launched an initiative to establish a new multilateral development institution, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. The aiib, Beijing argued, could help fill a multitrillion- dollar gap in financing for railways, roads, power plants,...
Congress and War: How the House and the Senate Can Reclaim Their Role
It is easy to conclude that the U.S. Congress is simply incapable of playing a constructive role in matters of war and peace. Paralyzed by gridlock, the hyperpartisan body regularly betrays its constitutional responsibility to act as a serious check...
Europe after Brexit: A Less Perfect Union
The United Kingdom's vote to leave the European Union has triggered the worst political crisis the EU has ever faced. Since the early 1950s, the EU has steadily expanded, but on June 23, 52 percent of British voters ignored the experts' warnings of economic...
Getting out of the Gulf: Oil and U.S. Military Strategy
In January 1980,U.S. President Jimmy Carter used his State of the Union address to announce that in order to protect "the free movement of Middle East oil," the United States would repel "an attempt by any outside force to gain control of the Persian...
How to Build Middle East Peace: Why Bottom-Up Is Better Than Top-Down
Last May, I resigned from the Israeli government and parliament. I did so largely for reasons of domestic policy, including differences with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on issues such as respect for the rule of law and the independence of the Supreme...
Liberalism in Retreat: The Demise of a Dream
The liberal international order has always depended on the idea of progress. Since 1945, Western policymakers have believed that open markets, democracy, and individual human rights would gradually spread across the entire globe. Today, such hopes seem...
Out of Order?
The first half of the twentieth century witnessed some of the worst moments in modern history: two world wars, a global depression, tyranny, genocide. That happened largely because the Western great powers hunkered down in the face of economic and geopolitical...
Recent Books: Asia and Pacific: Chinese Politics in the XI Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership
Recent Books: Asia and Pacific: Chinese Politics in the Xi Jinping Era: Reassessing Collective Leadership BY CHENG LI. Brookings Institution Press, 2016, 528 pp.Li has produced one of the most in-depth studies of Chinese politics in recent years. Combining...
Recent Books: Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics: Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR
Recent Books: Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics: Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR BY ADEEB KHALID. Cornell University Press, 2015, 440 pp.Uzbekistan, Central Asia's most populous state, entered a critical moment...
Recent Books: Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics: The Discovery of Chance: The Life and Thought of Alexander Herzen
Recent Books: Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Republics: The Discovery of Chance: The Life and Thought of Alexander Herzen BY AILEEN M. KELLY. Harvard University Press, 2016, 608 pp.If you read only one book related to Russia this year, this should...
Recent Books: Economic, Social, and Environmental: Shadow Courts: The Tribunals That Rule Global Trade
Recent Books: Economic, Social, and Environmental: Shadow Courts: The Tribunals That Rule Global Trade BY HALEY SWEETLAND EDWARDS. Columbia Global Reports, 2016, 144 pp.One of the controversial features of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Transatlantic...
Recent Books: Political and Legal: A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order
Recent Books: Political and Legal: A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order BY RICHARD HAASS. Penguin Press, 2017, 352 pp.In this world-weary tour d'horizon, Haass paints a bleak portrait of a failing global order....
Recent Books: The United States: American Power and Liberal Order: A Conservative Internationalist Grand Strategy
Recent Books: The United States: American Power and Liberal Order: A Conservative Internationalist Grand Strategy BY PAUL D. MILLER. Georgetown University Press, 2016, 336 pp.Miller builds on the work of the political scientist Henry Nau to advance an...
Recent Books: The United States: The Tragedy of U.S. Foreign Policy: How America's Civil Religion Betrayed the National Interest
Recent Books: The United States: The Tragedy of U.S. Foreign Policy: How America's Civil Religion Betrayed the National Interest BY WALTER A. MCDOUGALL. Yale University Press, 2016, 424 pp.McDougall advanced an important national conversation in 1997...
Recent Books: The United States: This Vast Southern Empire: Slaveholders at the Helm of American Foreign Policy
Recent Books: The United States: This Vast Southern Empire: Slaveholders at the Helm of American Foreign Policy BY MATTHEW KARP. Harvard University Press, 2016, 368 pp.Some years ago, I wrote a book titled Special Providence, which identified the four...
Recent Books: Western Europe: The Global Chancellor: Helmut Schmidt and the Reshaping of the International Order
Recent Books: Western Europe: The Global Chancellor: Helmut Schmidt and the Reshaping of the International Order BY KRISTINA SPOHR. Oxford University Press, 2016, 240 pp.Helmut Schmidt served as chancellor of West Germany from 1974 to 1982. He earned...
Recent Books: Western Hemisphere: Peru: Staying the Course of Economic Success
Recent Books: Western Hemisphere: Peru: Staying the Course of Economic Success EDITED BY ALEJANDRO SANTOS AND ALEJANDRO WERNER. International Monetary Fund, 2015, 458 pp.Ever since recovering from the miserable, debt-laden 1980s, the Peruvian economy...
Recent Books: Western Hemisphere: The Harper Era in Canadian Foreign Policy: Parliament, Politics, and Canada's Global Posture: Beyond Afghanistan: An International Security Agenda for Canada
Recent Books: Western Hemisphere: The Harper Era in Canadian Foreign Policy: Parliament, Politics, and Canada's Global Posture EDITED BY ADAM CHAPNICK AND CHRISTOPHER J. KUKUCHA. UBC Press, 2016, 300 pp.Beyond Afghanistan: An International Security Agenda...
The International Criminal Court on Trial: A Conversation with Fatou Bensouda
The quest for a permanent global court to try perpetrators of the world's worst crimes began as early as 1872. But it was only in 2002 that the International Criminal Court, a standing tribunal now backed by 124 states, finally came into being. Ten years...
The Lawyers' War: Counterterrorism from Bush to Obama to Trump
The Lawyers' War: Counterterrorism From Bush to Obama to TrumpPower Wars: Inside Obama's Post-9/11 Presidency BY CHARLIE SAVAGE. Little, Brown, 2015, 784 pp.Rogue Justice: The Making of the Security State BY KAREN GREENBERG. Crown, 2016, 320 pp.The election...
The Once and Future Order: What Comes after Hegemony?
Few foreign policy issues have attracted more attention in recent years than the problem of sustaining the U.S.-led liberal international order. After World War II, the United States sponsored a set of institutions, rules, and norms designed to avoid...
The Opening of the North Korean Mind: Pyongyang versus the Digital Underground
On a cold, clear night in September 2014, a man I'll call Ahn walked up to the edge of the Tumen River on the Chinese side of the heavily guarded border between China and North Korea. At its narrowest points, the Tumen measures a little over 150 feet...
Will the Liberal Order Survive?: The History of an Idea
During the nineteenth century, the United States played a minor role in the global balance of power. The country did not maintain a large standing army, and as late as the 1870s, the U.S. Navy was smaller than the navy of Chile. Americans had no problems...
Will Washington Abandon the Order?: The False Logic of Retreat
Will Washington Abandon the Order?: The False Logic of Retreat Kori Schake Retreat and Its Consequences: American Foreign Policy and the Problem of World Order BY ROBERT J. LIEBER. Cambridge University Press, 2016, 152 pp.The Big Stick: The Limits of...
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