Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 28, No. 5, June/July

Beyond the Chemical Weapons Stockpile: The Challenge of Non-Stockpile Materiel
In 1985, Congress passed legislation requiring the U.S. Army to dispose of its stockpile of unitary chemical warfare (CW) agents and munitions, comprising over 3 million weapons containing roughly 12,000 tons of agents and another 19,000 tons of chemicals...
Britain Releases Defense Review Calling for a 'Minimum Deterrent'
ON JULY 8, Britain released a new Strategic Defence Review (SDR), the Labor government's first comprehensive assessment of British security requirements through 2015. Released as a "white paper" (a policy document), the review concluded that while there...
CFE Compliance Report Issued; Treaty Adaptation Talks Continue
RUSSIA, UKRAINE, Belarus, Armenia and Azerbaijan are not in compliance with the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, according to an administration report submitted June 22 to Congress. Violations range from holdings of treatylimited equipment...
Clinton Vetoes Sanctions Bill; Sets, Imposes New Sanctions on Russia
HOPING TO avert an override of President Bill Clinton's June 23 veto of a bill to sanction entities aiding Iran's ballistic missile program, the White House announced on July 15 that it would impose new proliferation-related sanctions on seven Russian...
Holding the CTBT Hostage in the Senate: The 'Stealth' Strategy of Helms and Lott
In the present climate of partisan political conflict that seems to pervade every foreign and security policy issue before Congress, two powerful Senate leaders are actively blocking consideration of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)-the longest-sought...
India, Pakistan Respond to Arms Control Initiatives
IN THE WEEKS following their May nuclear tests, India and Pakistan appear to be responding positively to international calls that both countries participate more fully in global non-proliferation efforts and move to diffuse South Asia's most dangerous...
Iraqi Nuclear File Kept Open, New VX Concerns
ON JULY 29, the UN Security Council rejected a Russian proposal to conclude investigations into Iraq's past nuclear weapons program following a report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) citing unresolved concerns about Baghdad's residual...
KEDO Resolves Cost-Sharing for North Korean Reactor Project
AFTER MEETING in New York July 28, the Executive Board of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) settled on a cost-sharing arrangement for the $4.6 billion light-water reactor (LWR) project, the centerpiece of the 1994 U.S.-North...
Letters
The 1996 ICJ Opinion and the Legality of Nuclear Weapons To the Editor: In "Dismantling the Concept of 'Weapons of Mass Destruction" (April 1998), Wolfgang Panofsky makes the following inaccurate statements regarding the legality of the use or threatened...
Pakistan Supports Cutoff Talks at Opening of Third CD Session
AT THE OPENING plenary of the third and final 1998 session of the Conference on Disarmament (CD) on July 30, Pakistan announced its support for starting negotiations on a fissile material cutoff treaty The move by Pakistan, along with India's pledge...
Rumsfeld Panel Releases Report on Missile Threat to U.S
IN MID-JULY, the congressionally mandated "Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the United States," led by former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, concluded that the United States may have "little or no warning" before so-called...
Russia, India Move Forward with Deals on Arms, Nuclear Power
IN THE FACE of U.S. efforts to maintain diplomatic and economic pressure on India and Pakistan for their May nuclear tests, Russia is moving ahead with plans to sell New Delhi two nuclear power plants, a deal that the United States claims is at odds...
Science in the Pursuit of Peace: The Success and Future of the ISTC
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) in Moscow is now in its fifth year of operation. The center was founded to help prevent the proliferation of the knowledge and technology of weapons of mass destruction after the disintegration of...
Sino-U.S. Summit Yields Modest Advances in Arms Control Agenda
PRESIDENT BILL CLINTON traveled to China for a state visit June 25 to July 3 that produced several modest achievements in arms control and non-proliferation. At a joint press conference on June 27, Clinton and Chinese President Jiang Zemin announced...
The New Missile 'Threat' Gap
A new "threat" gap has suddenly burst upon the political scene. The congressionally mandated Rumsfeld Commission has concluded that rogue states could shortly threaten the United States with ICBMs armed with weapons of mass destruction. Advocates of...
U.S. Army Destroys Last Non-Essential 'Dumb' Mines
ON JUNE 30, the U.S. Army destroyed the last of the U.S.based stockpile of more than 3.3 million non-self-destructing antipersonnel landmines (APLs), fulfilling President Clinton's May 1996 directive to eliminate all non-essential "dumb" mines by the...
U.S. Remains Largest Supplier to a Shrinking Arms Market
IN 1997, the United States once again led all arms exporters in deliveries and new agreements for conventional weapons in a still-shrinking world arms market, according to an annual Congressional Research Service (CRS) report released July 31. France,...