Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 7, September

ABL Flies, but Government Agency Warns Sky Is Not Clear
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS AN AIRCRAFT DESIGNED to carry a laser that would shoot down ballistic missiles shortly after their launch made its inaugural test-flight July 18. The flight came just days after the General Accounting Office (GAO) reported that...
Bush Signs Waiver, Freeing Threat Reduction Funding
PRESIDENT BUSH SIGNED a waiver August 7 that freed up more than $300 million in funding for U.S. efforts to safeguard and dismantle weapons of mass destruction in the former Soviet Union. The waiver, however, expires at the end of September, and Congress...
China Issues Missile Export Controls
THE LONG-AWAITED missile export controls that Beijing committed to publishing almost two years ago were released by China's official Xinhua News Agency on August 25. Following months of nonproliferation talks with the United States, China had agreed...
Chinese Companies Sanctioned for Proliferation
ON JULY 9, the Bush administration sanctioned nine Chinese entities and an Indian individual for knowingly contributing to the efforts of Iran and possibly Iraq to acquire weapons of mass destruction or advanced conventional weapons. Effective immediately,...
Chinese Nuclear Forces to Grow, Report Says
REINFORCING RECENT INTELLIGENCE reports on China's strategic weapons development, the Pentagon released a report July 19 indicating that China is upgrading its nuclear forces and will increase the number of ICBMs that could be targeted at the United...
Disarming Iraq: Nonmilitary Strategies and Options
The past success of United Nations weapons inspectors indicates that a high level of confidence in Iraq's disarmament could be achieved if they were allowed to resume their work. The uncertainty regarding Saddam Hussein's weapons of mass destruct tion,...
International Operation Removes Uranium from Serbia
IN AUGUST, THE United States, Russia, and Serbia, with the approval of Yugoslavia, moved enough highly enriched uranium (HEU) to produce two nuclear weapons from the Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences in Belgrade to Russia, where it will be converted...
KEDO Pours Concrete for North Korean Nuclear Reactor
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS THE KOREAN ENERGY Development Organization (KEDO) held a ceremony August 7 in Kumho, North Korea, to mark the pouring of the concrete foundation for the first light-water reactor (LWR) that the United States agreed to provide North...
NATO Accepts Russian CFE Compliance, but Wants More
NATO MEMBERS INFORMED Russia in July meetings that they accept its claims of being in compliance with weapons limits set out in the adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, but they also urged Moscow to fulfill other CFE-related obligations...
New OPCW Head Appointed
ON JULY 25, members of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) chose Rogelio Pfirter, a former Argentinean undersecretary for foreign policy, to head the international body for the next four years. The OPCW, which is responsible...
Open Skies Flights Begin
In August, Russia conducted the first observation flights under the Open Skies Treaty since the accord entered into force January 1. Other treaty states-parties, including the United States, are expected to begin their permitted flights, which are designed...
Pentagon Opts for Sea-Based Missile Defense Radar
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS SHELVING EARLIER PENTAGON plans to build an advanced missile defense radar on a remote Alaskan island, the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) awarded a $31 million contract August 1 to Boeing to begin development of a sea-based X-band...
Senate Reviews U.S.-Russian Nuclear Reductions Treaty
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS IN A SERIES of July and August hearings, senators of both parties signaled that they would support ratification of the latest U.S.-Russian nuclear arms accord, even though several questioned the treaty's failure to require the destruction...
Technical Issues Related to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
DOCUMENT Casting doubt on arguments offered by critics of the treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons testing, on July 31 the National Academy of Sciences issued Technical Issues Related to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. The report challenged...
The Inevitable Failure of Inspections in Iraq
The United States is currently in the throes of a public debate over using military force to accomplish regime change in Iraq because of the threat Saddam Hussein could pose with weapons of mass destruction. The risks of a military invasion are serious,...
The Task of Disarming Iraq
Despite the overall success of the global nonproliferation regime, a small number of nuclear and non-nuclear states threaten to undermine the norm against the development, possession, and use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The record of Iraq is...
UN-Iraq Talks Fail to Yield Progress on Inspections
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS AS WASHINGTON DEBATED taking military action against Iraq, representatives from the United Nations and Baghdad exchanged views during July and August over the return of weapons inspectors to Iraq but were unable to resolve their...
United States Stays atop Global Arms Market
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS U.S. WEAPONS DEALS accounted for nearly half the value of all worldwide arms sales agreements and weapons deliveries last year, ranking the United States as the top global arms dealer in each of the past eight years, according to...
U.S. Irked by Potential Growth in Russian Nuclear Aid to Iran
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS RUSSIAN PRIME MINISTER Mikhail Kasyanov signed a draft document July 26 that includes plans to build five nuclear reactors in Iran in addition to the reactor currently under construction near the Iranian city of Bushehr, according...
U.S.-Israeli Policy for Exporting Arrow Missile Undecided
TOP U.S. GOVERNMENT officials testified in July that the Bush administration has not yet formulated a policy about the possible export of a joint U.S.-Israeli theater missile defense system, the Arrow, to India or any other country. The absence of a...
U.S. Opens Door for Arms Sales to Afghanistan
On July 2, the State Department announced that, for the first time in a decade, U.S. arms companies would be permitted to sell weapons and military equipment to Afghanistan. Under the new policy, U.S. arms manufacturers may make deals with the current...
U.S. Sends Conflicting Signals on North Korea
SECRETARY OF STATE Colin Powell briefly met with his North Korean counterpart July 31 in the highest-level exchange between the two countries since the Bush administration took office, but the United States continued to call the North Korean regime "evil"...
U.S. Steps Up Missile Defense Marketing Abroad
The Pentagon and U.S. arms companies have increased efforts following the June 13 U.S. withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty to get foreign governments and businesses more involved in U.S. missile defense programs, but their labors...