Arms Control Today

Arms Control Today is a magazine published 10 times a year by the Arms Control Association in Washington, DC. Founded in 1972, its subjects are international arms control issues, peace and international affairs. Its audience includes policy makers, educators and the general public.

Articles from Vol. 32, No. 9, November

A Conversation in Havana
Several former decision-makers met October 12 during the conference in Havana to discuss the role of nuclear weapons in the crisis and the extent of nuclear danger on October 27, the day before Kennedy and Khrushchev agreed to a deal whereby the Soviets...
Central Asian States Negotiate Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS AFTER FIVE YEARS of negotiation, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan reached agreement September 27 in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, on a nuclear-weapon-freezone (NWFZ) treaty United Nations Undersecretary-General...
Chronology of U.S.-North Korean Nuclear and Missile Diplomacy: December 1985-October 2002
FACTFILE December 1985-October 2002 For years, the United States and the international community have tried to negotiate an end to North Korea's nuclear and missile development and its export of ballistic missile technology. Those efforts were dealt...
Deadlines Extended for Russian Chemical Demilitarization
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS STATES-PARTIES TO the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) decided at an October 7-11 meeting to extend "in principle" two interim deadlines for Russia to destroy part of its chemical weapons stockpile, but they postponed a decision...
Disarmament through Diplomacy
FOCUS A decade ago, North Korea challenged the nuclear nonproliferation regime by pursuing nuclear weapons technologies in violation of its treaty commitments, and it has recently admitted that it has resumed work to produce materials for nuclear bombs....
Excerpts from Recently Declassified Documents
*Italics are editor's comments. The Cuban missile crisis may well have started at the Bay of Pigs, in April 1961, since even after that "perfect failure" Washington continued covert planning and overt military exercises toward military intervention in...
Forty Years after 13 Days
For many years, I considered the Cuban missile crisis to be the best-managed foreign policy crisis of the last half-century. I still believe that President Kennedy's actions during decisive moments of the crisis helped to prevent a nuclear war. But I...
GAO Says Multilateral Export Control Regimes Too Weak
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS CONCLUDING A 13-MONTH study of four international regimes designed to stem global weapons proliferation, the General Accounting Office (GAO) reported October 25 that the Australia Group, the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR),...
Ground-Based Midcourse Defense Hits Again
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS THE PENTAGON DESTROYED a mock strategic warhead in space October 14 with a ground-launched missile defense interceptor for the fourth consecutive time. Nearly identical to prior intercept trials, the latest test's only new wrinkle...
India, Pakistan Conduct Missile Tests
NEWS BRIEFS On October 4, Pakistan tested its Hatf-4 (Shaheen-1) surfaceto-surface missile, which can carry a 500-kilogram payload 750 kilometers, followed by a second Haft-4 test October 8. The last time Pakistan tested a ballistic missile was in May...
Making Inspections Work in Iraq
On October 7, the Arms Control Association held a press conference to discuss the capability of United Nations inspections to disarm Iraq of its weapons of mass destruction. Panelists spoke on the successes and difficulties of previous inspections, which...
MTCR Closes Some Loopholes
NEWS BRIEFS Members of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) took a step to strengthen their ability to curb cruise missile proliferation during a September 24-27 plenary meeting in Warsaw. The MTCR is an informal export control arrangement among...
No Movement on Strategic Reductions Treaty
Despite support from the White House, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and key Republican senators, the Senate did not act on a resolution of ratification for the U.S.Russian Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty before Congress...
North Korea Admits Secret Nuclear Weapons Program
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS NORTH KOREA REVEALED that it has a clandestine nuclear weapons program during an early October meeting with a high-ranking U.S. official. The admission, which the United States made public October 16, indicates that Pyongyang has...
Serb Arms Companies in Illegal Deals with Iraq
THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC of Yugoslavia (FRY) fired two public officials and launched a government investigation October 22 in response to evidence that Serbian companies have been illegally upgrading Iraqi combat aircraft. The United States, which recently...
The Cuban Missile Crisis
Revisited on the 40th Anniversity October marked the 401 anniversary of the Cuban missile crisis, in which the United States and the Soviet Union came chillingly close to nuclear war over the placement of Soviet strategic weapons in Cuba. Continuing...
Tritium Production Licenses Granted to Civilian Power Plants
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS BREAKING THE TABOO of using civilian nuclear reactors to supply nuclear weapons materials, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approved licenses September 24 and October 1 to allow tritium production at two Tennessee nuclear...
U.S. Begins Trimming Nuclear Forces
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS THE UNITED STATES has begun dismantling its Peacekeeper ICBM force and converting two Trident nuclear submarines to carry conventional weapons in the first move toward reducing its deployed strategic warheads to the 1,700-2,200...
U.S. Funds Released for Shchuch'ye
A U.S.-SPONSORED chemical demilitarization program in Russia received a boost October 23 after President George W. Bush signed the fiscal year 2003 defense appropriations bill, which released funds that had been withheld from fiscal years 2000-2002 "for...
U.S. Releases Information on Cold War Chem-Bio Tests
THE DEFENSE DEPARTMENT released new information October 9 regarding 27 chemical and biological weapons tests conducted between 1962 and 1973, revealing for the first time that it had used live chemical and biological agents in some land-based experiments...
U.S. Reportedly Offers Russia Deal on Bushehr
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS THE UNITED STATES has reportedly offered Russia access to spent nuclear fuel if it ends its role in constructing a nuclear reactor near the Iranian city of Bushehr. The State Department would not directly confirm that the lucrative...
U.S., Security Council Debate Iraq Weapons Inspections
NEWS AND NEGOTIATIONS AS WEAPONS INSPECTORS waited to enter Iraq, the United States submitted a resolution to the UN Security Council on October 25 that firmly calls for Iraq to dismantle its weapons of mass destruction but does not directly threaten...